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Asia buthidae scorpion

Brief Notes on Invasive Species issues and action in the Asian region

This is a growing compilation, please feel free to send contributions to:
Shyama Pagad [s.pagad@auckland.ac.nz]

Networks

The Asia Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network (APFSIN)

Forest invasive species issues transcend national borders, and have become increasingly global and regional concerns, while remaining an important focus of national biosecurity for individual countries.

With advances in technology, increasing international trade and tourism and a multitude of new avenues of contact implicit in globalization, the incidence of forest biological invasions is increasing dramatically. Experience in dealing with invasive species worldwide shows that international collaboration plays a crucial role in managing the risks of incursions. Region-wide sharing of early-warnings about potential invaders, their rapid detection and identification, as well as the sharing of biological information, risk assessments, and monitoring and control techniques are invaluable tools to help prevent spread and establishment of potential invasive species.

Recognizing the dangers posed by invasive species to the sustainable management of forests in Asia and the Pacific, the Asia-Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network (APFISN) was officially launched at the 20th session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC), held in Fiji, in April 2004. The network will focus on technical and organizational issues to address the prevention, detection, eradication, and control of forest invasive species in the region.

Legislation

Invasive Alien Species Act Japan

On March 10, 2004 the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated on June 2, 2004

The objectives of this act are to regulate various actions such as raising, planting, storing, carrying and importing invasive alien species (IAS) in addition to mitigating IAS that are already existing in Japan, and thus to contribute to preventing damages against biodiversity, human safety, or agriculture in Japan. IAS do not include living modified organisms in this Act.

Publications

Jianqing D., R. N. Mack et al. (2008). China's booming economy is sparking and accelerating biological invasions. BioScience 58:317-324

Abstract: China has undergone enormous economic growth in the last 25 years, largely as a result of greatly increased international trade. This burgeoning trade has triggered environmental threats from an expanding list of biological invaders: nonnative species previously unknown in China (e.g., the American vegetable leaf miner, the fall webworm) have arrived and are already causing damage to China’s environment and economy. Huge construction projects, such as the Three Gorges Dam and the recently completed rail link to Tibet, could further spread invasive species to once isolated portions of the country. The environmental risks from this onslaught are immense: China is one of the world’s hotspots of biodiversity with about 30,000 native species of vascular plants and at least 2340 species of native terrestrial vertebrates. Fostering governmental and public awareness in China of the costs of invasive species and the multiple benefits of their prevention and control will be key to countering this menace.

Alien Species in Aquaculture and Impacts on Biodiversity

Sena S. De Silva, Thuy T. T. Nguyen, Giovanni M. Turchini, Upali S. Amarasinghe, and Nigel W. Abery (2007) Alien Species in Aquaculture and Biodiversity: A Paradox in Food Production. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 38(1):24-28. 2009

Abstract: Aquaculture is seen as an alternative to meeting the widening gap in global rising demand and decreasing supply for aquatic food products. Asia, the epicenter of the global aquaculture industry, accounts for over 90% of the global aquaculture production quantity and about 80% of the value. Asian aquaculture, as with global aquaculture, is dependent to a significant extent on alien species, as is the case for all the major food crops and husbanded terrestrial animals. However, voluntary and or accidental introduction of exotic aquatic species (alien species) is known to negatively impact local biodiversity. In this relatively young food production industry, mitigating the dependence on alien species, and thereby minimizing potential negative impacts on biodiversity, is an imperative for a sustainable future. In this context an attempt is made in this synthesis to understand such phenomena, especially with reference to Asian inland finfish, the mainstay of global aquaculture production. It is pointed out that there is potential for aquaculture, which is becoming an increasingly important food production process, not to follow the past path of terrestrial food crops and husbanded animals in regard to their negative influences on biodiversity.