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38 invasive species found

Alien Species

1. Arundo donax (grass) English  français     
Giant reed (Arundo donax) invades riparian areas, altering the hydrology, nutrient cycling and fire regime and displacing native species. Long ‘lag times’ between introduction and development of negative impacts are documented in some invasive species; the development of giant reed as a serious problem in California may have taken more than 400 years. The opportunity to control this weed before it becomes a problem should be taken as once established it becomes difficult to control.
Common Names: arundo grass, bamboo reed, caña, caña común, caña de Castilla, caña de la reina, caña de techar, cana- do-reino, cana-do-brejo, cane, canne de Provence, canno-do-reino, capim-plumoso, carrizo, carrizo grande, cow cane, donax cane, E-grass, fiso palagi, giant cane, giant reed, grand roseau, kaho, kaho folalahi, la canne de Provence, narkhat, ngasau ni vavalangi, Pfahlrohr, reed grass, river cane, Spaanse-riet, Spanisches Rohr, Spanish cane, Spanish reed, wild cane
Synonyms: Aira bengalensis (Retz.) J.F. Gmel., Amphidonax bengalensis (Retz.) Nees ex Steud., Amphidonax bengalensis Roxb. ex Nees., Amphidonax bifaria (Retz.) Nees ex Steud., Arundo aegyptiaca hort. ex Vilm., Arundo bambusifolia Hook. f., Arundo bengalensis Retz., Arundo bifaria Retz., Arundo coleotricha (Hack.) Honda., Arundo donax var. angustifolia Döll., Arundo donax var. coleotricha Hack., Arundo donax var. lanceolata Döll., Arundo donax var. procerior Kunth., Arundo donax var. versicolor (P. Mill.) Stokes, Arundo glauca Bubani., Arundo latifolia Salisb., Arundo longifolia Salisb. ex Hook. f., Arundo sativa Lam., Arundo scriptoria L., Arundo versicolor P. Mill., Cynodon donax (L.) Raspail., Donax arundinaceus P. Beauv., Donax bengalensis (Retz.) P. Beauv., Donax bifarius (Retz.) Trin. ex Spreng., Donax donax (L.) Asch. and Graebn.
2. Carassius auratus (fish) English  français   
Native to Asia, goldfish (Carassius auratus) have been introduced worldwide due to their popularity as pond and aquarium fish. Releases, both intentional and unintentional, have meant that this species has formed wild populations in many new locations. Concerns have been raised about the impacts that goldfish have on the aquatic community, including increasing turbidity, predation upon native fish, and helping to facilitate algal blooms.
Common Names: aranyhal, caras rosu, caras-auriu, carassin doré, carassio dorato, carpa dorada, cheisopsaro, chernyi teleskop, chrysopsaro, chryssopsaro, ciprino dorato, cyprin doré, dorade de Chine, edible goldfish, funa, gibel carp, gold crucian carp, golden carp, Goldfisch, goldfish, goudvis, Goudvis, Guldfisk, guldfisk, gullfisk, I'a'ula'ula, ikan mas, kam tsak, kam ue, kapr zlatý, kaprík zlatý, karas, karas cinsky, karas stríbritý, karas stribrity vychodoasijsky, karas vetší, karas zlatý, karas zlocisty, karas zlocisty a. chinski, karuss, kin-buna, kirmizi balik, kultakala, mahi-e-hoz, native carp, ngan tsak, peixe dourado, peixe encarnado, peixe-dourado, pesce dorato, pesco rosso, peshk i kuq, pez dorado, pez rojo, pimpão, poisson rouge, serebryanyi karas', sølvkaruds, sølvkarusse, tawes, tsak ue, zlatnakarracuda, zolotaja rybka
Synonyms: Carassius auratus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), Carassius auratus cantonensis (Tchang, 1933), Carassius carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), Carassius chinensis (Gronow, 1854), Carassius encobia (Bonaparte, 1845), Carassius gibelioides (non Cantor, 1842), Cyprinus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), Cyprinus langsdorfi (Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1842), Cyprinus maillardi (Guichenot, 1863), Cyprinus mauritianus (Bennett, 1832), Cyprinus thoracatus (Valenciennes, 1842), Leuciscus auratus (Mauduyt, 1849-51)
3. Cynictis penicillata (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Yellow Mongoose
4. Cyprinus carpio (fish) English  français     
The introduction of fish as a source of protein for human consumption into tropical and subtropical lake systems is continuing apace. The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has been cultured for 2500 years and is also a popular angling and ornamental fish; is the third most frequently introduced species in the world. Its method of feeding churns up the sediments on the bottom of the water and uproots macrophytes, making it an keystone ecosystem engineer that altering habitats for native fish and other native aquatic species.
Common Names: Cá Chép, carp, carpa, carpat, carpe, carpe, carpe commune, carpeau, carpo, cerpyn, ciortan, ciortanica, ciortocrap, ciuciulean, common carp, crapcean, cyprinos, escarpo, Europäischer Karpfen, European carp, fancy carp, feral carp, German carp, grass carp, grivadi, ikan mas, Japanese domesticated carp, kapoor-e-maamoli, kapor, kapr obecný, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp dziki a. sazan, karpa, karpar, karpe, Karpe, karpen, karper, karpfen, karpion, karppi, kerpaille, king carp, koi, koi carp, korop, krapi, kyprinos, læderkarpe, lauk mas, leather carp, leekoh, lei ue, mas massan, mirror carp, olocari, Oriental carp, pa nai, pba ni, pla nai, ponty, punjabe gad, rata pethiya, saran, Saran, sarmão, sazan, sazan baligi, scale carp, sharan, skælkarpe, soneri masha, spejlkarpe, sulari, suloi, tikure, trey carp samahn, trey kap, ulucari, weißfische, wild carp, wildkarpfen
Synonyms: Carpio carpio gibbosus (Kessler, 1856), Carpio flavipinna Valenciennes, 1842, Carpio vulgaris Rapp, 1854, Cyprinus acuminatus Heckel & Kner, 1858, Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus angulatus Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus atrovirens Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus bithynicus Richardson, 1857, Cyprinus carpio anatolicus Hanko, 1924, Cyprinus carpio aralensis Spiczakow, 1935, Cyprinus carpio brevicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio elongatus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis Pravdin, 1945, Cyprinus carpio longicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio monstrosus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio oblongus Antipa, 1909, Cyprinus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855, Cyprinus conirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus festetitsii Bonaparte, 1845, Cyprinus flamm Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus fossicola Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus melanotus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus nordmannii Valenciennes, 1842, Cyprinus sculponeatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus thermalis Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus tossicole Elera, 1895, Cyprinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842
5. Felis catus (mammal) English  français     
Felis catus was domesticated in the eastern Mediterranean c. 3000 years ago. Considering the extent to which cats are valued as pets, it is not surprising that they have since been translocated by humans to almost all parts of the world. Notable predators, cats threaten native birdlife and other fauna, especially on islands where native species have evolved in relative isolation from predators.
Common Names: cat, domestic cat, feral cat, Hauskatze, house cat, poti, pusiniveikau
6. Herpestes pulverulentus (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Cape Gray Mongoose, Small Grey Mongoose
Synonyms: Galerella pulverulenta (Wagner, 1839)
7. Hypnea musciformis (alga) English     
Hypnea musciformis (basionym Fucus musciformis) is classified as a red algae and is distributed throughout most of the world. It was recently introduced to Hawaii and has quickly become invasive and a nuisance.
Common Names: hypnea
Synonyms: Fucus musciformis Wulfen 1791, Hypnea rissoana J. Agardh, nom. illeg. 1842, Sphaerococcus divaricatus C. Agardh, nom. illeg. 1827, Sphaerococcus musciformis (Wulfen) C. Agardh 1822
8. Imperata cylindrica (grass) English  français     
Native to Asia, cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is common in the humid tropics and has spread to the warmer temperate zones worldwide. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass. Increases in cogon grass concern ecologists and conservationists because of the fact that this species displaces native plant and animal species and alters fire regimes.
Common Names: alang-alang, blady grass, Blutgras, carrizo, cogon grass, gi, impérata cylindrique, japgrass, kunai, lalang, ngi, paille de dys, paillotte, satintail, speargrass
Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, Lagurus cylindricus L.
9. Micropterus salmoides (fish) English  français     
Micropterus salmoides (bass) has been widely introduced throughout the world due to its appeal as a sport fish and for its tasty flesh. In some places introduced Micropterus salmoides have affected populations of small native fish through predation, sometimes resulting in the their decline or extinction. Its diet includes fish, crayfish, amphibians and insects.
Common Names: achigã, achigan, achigan à grande bouche, American black bass, bas dehanbozorg, bas wielkogeby, bass, bass wielkgebowy, biban cu gura mare, black bass, bolsherotnyi amerikanskii tscherny okun, bol'sherotyi chernyi okun', buraku basu, fekete sügér, forelbaars, forellenbarsch, green bass, green trout, großmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, huro, isobassi, khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak, lakseabbor, largemouth bass, largemouth black bass, lobina negra, lobina-truche, northern largemouth bass, okounek pstruhový, okuchibasu, Öringsaborre, Ørredaborre, ostracka, ostracka lososovitá, perca Americana, perche d'Amérique, perche noire, perche truite, persico trota, stormundet black bass, stormundet ørredaborre, tam suy lo ue, zwarte baars
Synonyms: Aplites salmoides (Lacepède, 1802), Grystes megastoma Garlick, 1857, Huro nigricans Cuvier, 1828, Huro salmoides (Lacepède, 1802), Labrus salmoides Lacepède, 1802, Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802), Perca nigricans (Cuvier, 1828)
10. Mytilus galloprovincialis (mollusc) English     
Mytilus galloprovincialis (blue mussel or the Mediterranean mussel) is native to the Mediterranean coast and the Black and Adriatic Seas. It has succeeded in establishing itself at widely distributed points around the globe, with nearly all introductions occurring in temperate regions and at localities where there are large shipping ports (Branch and Stephanni 2004). Ship hull fouling and transport of ballast water have been implicated in its spread and its impact on native communities and native mussels has been suggested by a number of studies and observations (Carlton 1992; Robinson and Griffiths 2002; Geller 1999).
Common Names: bay mussel, blue mussel, Mediterranean mussel, Mittelmeer-Miesmuschel
11. Nicotiana glauca (shrub) English     
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Introduced in Hawaii, Ascension, Bermuda, Saint Helena and Canary islands Nicotiana glauca thrives in disturbed habitats as well as sandy beaches and coastal areas. It may pose a threat to pristine environments and native wildlife by altering habitats.
Common Names: gandul, guang yan cao, kidachi tabako, mustard tree, paka, tabac canaque, tabaco moro, tabaco moruno, tabaco negro, tree tabacco, wild tobacco, wildetabak
12. Oreochromis mossambicus (fish) English  français     
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) has spread worldwide through introductions for aquaculture. Established populations of Oreochromis mossambicus in the wild are as a result of intentional release or escapes from fish farms. Oreochromis mossambicus is omnivorous and feeds on almost anything, from algae to insects.
Common Names: blou kurper, common tilapia, fai chau chak ue, Java tilapia, kawasuzume, kurper bream, malea, mojarra, mosambik-maulbrüter, Mozambikskaya tilapiya, Mozambique cichlid, Mozambique mouth-breeder, Mozambique mouthbrooder, Mozambique tilapia, mphende, mujair, nkobue, tilapia, tilapia del Mozambique, tilapia du Mozambique, tilapia mossambica, tilapia mozámbica, trey tilapia khmao, weißkehlbarsch, wu-kuo yu
Synonyms: Chromis dumerilii Steindachner, 1864, Chromis natalensis Weber, 1897, Chromis vorax Pfeffer, 1893, Sarotherodon mossambicus (Peters, 1852), Tilapia arnoldi Gilchrist & Thompson, 1917, Tilapia mossambica (Peters, 1852)
13. Ostrea edulis (mollusc) English   
Ostrea edulis (the European flat oyster) is native to Europe and the Mediterranean. It has been introduced to the northwestern Atlantic Ocean for aquaculture. Usually found in muddy areas, O. edulis has long been harvested for food. Over-harvesting in its native range, however, has caused it to be reintroduced to Europe. While in Atlantic waters, O. edulis became infected with the disease bonamiasis (Bonamia ostrae). This disease has caused widespread mortality in the vast majority of O. edulis.
Common Names: common oyster, edible oyster, eetbare oester, Essbare euster, European flat oyster, European oyster, huître comestible, huître plate Européenne, istiride, native oyster, oester, ostra Europa, platte oester, stridia, stridie, ustritsa
Synonyms: Ostrea adriatica Lam-Middendorff 1848, Ostrea taurica Krynicki 1837
14. Poecilia reticulata (fish) English  français   
Poecilia reticulata is a small benthopelagic fish native to Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela and the Caribbean Islands. It is a popular aquarium species and is also commonly used in genetics research. In the past Poecilia reticulata was widely introduced for mosquito control but there have been rare to non-existing measurable effects on mosquito populations. It can occupy a wide range of aquatic habitats and is a threat to native cyprinids and killifishes. It is a carrier of exotic parasites and is believed to play a role in the decline of several threatened and endangered species.
Common Names: guppie , guppii , guppy, hung dzoek ue, ikan seribu, lareza tripikaloshe, lebistes, lepistes, Mexicano, miljoenvis, miljoonakala, million fish, millionenfisch, millions, poisson million, queue de voile, rainbow fish, sarapintado, Sardinita, Wilder Riesenguppy, zivorodka duhová
Synonyms: Acanthophacelus guppii (Günther, 1866), Acanthophacelus reticulatus (Peters, 1859), Girardinus guppii Günther, 1866, Girardinus reticulatus (Peters, 1859), Haridichthys reticulatus (Peters, 1859), Heterandria guppyi (Günther, 1866), Lebistes poecilioides De Filippi, 1861, Lebistes poeciloides De Filippi, 1861, Lebistes reticulatus (Peters, 1859), Poecilia reticulatus Peters, 1859, Poecilioides reticulatus (Peters, 1859)
15. Prosopis spp. (tree, shrub) English  français     
Members of the genus Prosopis spp., which are commonly known as mesquite or algarrobo, include at least 44 defined species and many hybrids. This leads to problems with identification. For this reason, information about different species in the Prosopis genus is presented in this genus-level profile. Native to the Americas, Prosopis species are fast growing, nitrogen fixing and very salt and drought tolerant shrubs or trees. Most are thorny, although thornless types are known. Animals eat the pods and may spread seeds widely. Trees develop a shrubby growth form if cut or grazed. The four main species that have presented problems as weeds world-wide are P. glandulosa and P. velutina in more subtropical regions and P. juliflora and P. pallida in the truly tropical zone.
Common Names: acacia de Catarina, aguijote negro, algaroba, algarobeira, algarobeira, algarroba, algarroba, algarrobo, algarrobo, algarrobo americano, algarrobo del Brasil, algarrobo forragero, anchipia guaiva, angrezi bavaliya , aroma, aroma americana, aromo, arómo, baron, bayahon, bayahon, bayahonda, bayahonda blanca, bayahonde, bayahonde, bayahonde française, bayarone, bayawonn, bayawonn française, belari jari, bohahunda, cambrón, campeche, caóbano gateado, carbón, carobier, cashaw, cashew, catzimec, chachaca, chambron, cojí wawalú, cuida, cují, cují amarillo, cují negro, cují yague, cují yaque, cujicarora , dakkar toubab , espinheiro, espino negro, espino real, espino ruco, eterai, gando baval , gaudi maaka, ghaf, guarango, guatapaná, huarango, indjoe, indju, kiawe, kuigi, lebi , maíz criollo, manca-caballo, mareño, mastuerzos, mathenge, mesquite, mesquite, mesquite, mesquite, mesquit-tree, Mexican thorn, mezquite, mezquite, mugun kawa, nacascol, nacasol, palo de campeche, plumo de oro, qui, screwbeans, shejain kawa , shouk shami, spinho, taco, thacco, tornillos, trupi, trupillo, uweif , vallahonda, velikaruvel, velimullu, vilayati babool, vilayati babul, vilayati babul, vilayati jand, vilayati khejra, vilayati kikar, vilayati kikar , wawahi, yaque, yaque blanco, yaque negro
16. Salvinia molesta (aquatic plant, herb) English  français     
Salvinia molesta is a floating aquatic fern that thrives in slow-moving, nutrient-rich, warm, freshwater. A rapidly growing competitive plant, it is dispersed long distances within a waterbody (via water currents) and between waterbodies (via animals and contaminated equipment, boats or vehicles). It is cultivated by aquarium and pond owners and it is sometimes released by flooding, or by intentional dumping. S. molesta can form dense vegetation mats that reduce water-flow and lower the light and oxygen levels in the water. This stagnant dark environment negatively affects the biodiversity and abundance of freshwater species, including fish and submerged aquatic plants.Salvinia invasions can alter wetland ecosystems and cause wetland habitat loss. Salvinia invasions also pose a severe threat to socio-economic activities dependent on open, flowing and/or high quality waterbodies, including hydro-electricity generation, fishing and boat transport.
S. molesta in 2013 was elected as the one of the '100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species' to replace the Rinderpest virus which was declared eradicated in the wild in 2010
Common Names: African payal , African pyle, aquarium watermoss, fougère d’eau, giant salvinia , giant salvinia , kariba weed , koi kandy, salvinia, water fern , water spangles
Synonyms: Salvinia auriculata Aubl.
17. Setaria verticillata (grass) English     
Setaria verticillata is a native European grass, invading agricultural, urban, and other disturbed areas throughout North America, Central America, South America Africa, Asia, and the North and South Pacific. A problematic crop weed S. verticillata, has inflicted considerable environmental and economic costs, is known to adapt to local conditions rapidly, and has developed resistance to atrazine and other C 1/5 herbicides.
Common Names: almorejo, almorejo verticilado, alorejo, amor de hortelano, bristly foxtail, bur bristle grass, bur grass, capim-grama, carreig, cola de zorro, dukhain, fieno stellino, foxtail, hooked bristlegrass, kamala, khishin, kirpi dari, Kletten Borstenhirse, kolvhirs, Kransnaaldaar, lagartera, lossaig, mau‘ pilipili , milha-verticilada, oehoe, panico maggiore, panissola, pata de gallina, pega-pega, pega-saias, quam el-far, Quirl Bortenhirse, rabo de zorro, rough bristle grass, setaire verticillée, setaria spondyloti, whorled pigeon grass, Wirtel Borstenhirse, yah hang chnig-chok, zacate pegarropa, zaratsukienokorogusa
Synonyms: Chaetochloa verticillata (L.) (Scribn.), Ixophorus verticillatus (L.) (Nash, 1859), Panicum adhaerens (Forssk., 1775), Panicum aparine (Steud., 1854) , Panicum asperum (Lamk., 1778), Panicum respiciens (A. Rich., 1854), Panicum rottleri (Nees, 1841) , Panicum verticillatum (L., 1762), Panicum verticillatum L., Pennisetum respiciens (A. Rich., 1851) , Pennisetum verticillatum (L.) (Nash, 1817), Pennisetum verticillatum R. Br., Setaria adhaerens (Forssk., 1919), Setaria ambigua (Guss.), Setaria aparine (Stued. 1912), Setaria carnei (A.S. Hitchc.), Setaria nubica (Link), Setaria respiciens (A. Rich, 1852), Setaria verticillformis (Dumort.), Setaria virdis (Terracc., 1894)
18. Vulpes chama (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Cape Fox, Le Renaud Du Cap, Silver Fox , Silver Jackal , Zorro Chama , Zorro Del Cabo
19. Xanthium spinosum (herb) English     
Xanthium spinosum (Bathurst burr) is classified as a noxious weed in the majority of areas where it has been introduced. It is a prolific seed producer with high germination and survival rates. Xanthium spinosum competes with pasture crops as well as contaminating seeds and wool. Additionally, it threatens native fauna and flora due to its adaptability to a wide range of habitats. Management has proven to be difficult, although possible biological controls are currently being investigated.
Common Names: bathurst burr, cachurrera menor, cepacaballo, clonqui, concli, dagger cocklebur, daggerweed, lampourde épineuse, pegotes, prickly burweed, spiny burweed, spiny clotbur, spiny cockleburr, thorny burweed
Synonyms: Acanthoxanthium spinosum (L.) Fourr., Xanthium spinosum L. var. inerme Bel

Native Species

1. Abrus precatorius (shrub)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Abrus precatorius a legume, is a nitrogen fixer and where present in large stands can alter soil nutrient status. It is also suspected to have allelopathic effects that could alter native species recruitment.
Common Names: alcaçuz-da-américa, assacumirim, coral bead plant, crab's eye, fuefue laulili‘i, guen léglise, Indian-licorice, jequerity, jequiriti, jequirity-bean, kaikes en iak, kirikiri rangi, kolales halomtano, koviriviri mata-tako, lele, lere ndamu, licorice-vine, love-bean, lucky-bean, mata‘ila, matamoe, matamoho, matamoso, minnie-minnies, moho, ndiri ndamu, nggiri ndamu, ojos de cangrejo, olho-de-cabra-miúdo, olho-de-pombo, peronías, pipi tio, pitipiti‘o, pitipitio, pois rouge, pomea mataila, prayer-beads, precatory, precatory bean, pukiawe, pukiawe lei, pukiawe lenalena, pupukiawe, red-beadvine, rosary pea, rosarypea, tento, tento muido, uiui, weather plant, weather vine
Synonyms: Abrus abrus (L.) W. Wight, Glycine abrus Linnaeus
2. Cardiospermum grandiflorum (vine, climber) English     
Balloon vine (Cardiospermum grandiflorum) is an invasive tendril climber growing in damp situations, often near river banks. It forms dense but localised infestations and competes with, and smothers, indigenous plant species.
Common Names: balloon vine, blaasklimop, heart seed, intandela, kopupu takaviri
Synonyms: Cardiospermum barbicule , Cardiospermum hirsutum
3. Cenchrus ciliaris (grass) English     
Cenchrus ciliaris (Pennisetum ciliare), commonly known as buffel grass, is a perennial bunchgrass that forms thick mats. It is also known by its basionym Cenchrus ciliaris. Buffel grass has been widely introduced in the dry tropics and subtropics as a pasture grass, for erosion control and revegetation of arid areas. The characteristics of buffel grass which make it suitable for erosion control are rapid germination, high propogation and establishment rates on poor and infertile soils. Buffel grass's dominance and resistance to fire, drought and heavy grazing on arid soils make it a suitable arid zone pasture grass. In Australia, the south-western United States and Mexico (where it has been introduced as a pasture grass and for erosion control) Buffel grass often forms extensive dense monocultures excluding native species and promoting intense and frequent fires. It is widely distributed and is resilient to a number of harsh environmental conditions. It changes plant communities by encouraging and carrying wildfires through communities that are not adapted to fire. It burns readily and recovers quickly after fire. Buffel grass has a robust root system; its swollen stem base accumulates carbohydrate reserves, so the loss of leaf surface area after a fire or drought is not fatal to the plant and allows regrowth in favourable conditions.
Common Names: African foxtail grass, Büffelgras, buffelgrass, cenchrus cilié, dhaman, pasto buffel, zacate buffel
Synonyms: Cenchrus ciliaris L., Cenchrus glaucus C. R. Mudaliar & Sundararaj, Pennisetum cenchroides Rich., Pennisetum incomptum Nees ex Steud.
4. Civettictis civetta (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: African civet
5. Clarias gariepinus
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The pan-African/Asian sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) is a threat to endemic aquatic fish, particularly in South Africa and India. In the Periyar River-Lake system (Kerala, India) the catfish has a dietary overlap with endemic fish including the following IUCN Redlist Endangered fish: the Periyar labia (Crossocheilus periyarensis), the Periyar barb (Hypselobarbus periyarensis) and the Periyar trout (Lepidopygopsis typus). Potential migration from Periyar Lake to upstream Periyar Tiger Reserve could place the following IUCN Vulnerable endemic fish at risk: the Periyar stone sucker (Garra periyarensis), the Periyar blotched loach (Nemacheilus menoni) and the Periyar reticulated loach (Nemacheilus periyarensis).
Common Names: Aalbüschelwels, Abu shanab, African catfish, African mushi, Afrikaanse meerval, Afrikanischer Raubwels, Afrikanischer Wels, Afrikansk ålemalle, Afrikansk Vandrarmal, Ambaazaa, Ambaza, Andouma, Arira, Aro, Attek, Bagre-africano, Balbout, Baleewu, Bambara, Barbel, Bavhuri, Bombe, Bomu, Bwituka, Cá Trê Phi, Catfish, Chibomu, Cik, Cogo, Common catfish, Dera, Ejengi, Eyisombi, Garmut, Gol, Gwol, Harlei, Imunu, Inkube, Ishonzi, Isombi, Jättikonnamonni, Kabambare, Kambale, Kambale Mumi, Kambali, Kamongo, Karmut, Kemudu, Keríckovec jihoafrický, Kiemensackwels, Klarias, Kopito, Kor, Lokate, Macharufu, Male, Mangwana, Mburi, Mlamba, Mlamba, Mudfish, Mulonge, Mumi, Mumi, Muta, Namazu, Ndombe, Ndombe-Mbundamusheke, Nisu, North African catfish, Nsomba, Obito, Ongala, Pet cick, Pet der, Pez gato, Pez-gato, Poisson-chat nord-africain, Sfamnun matzui, Sharptooth catfish, Sharptoothed catfish, Silure, Singre, Singri, Skerptandbaber, Skerptand-baber, Skerptand-baber, Sombi, Stawada, Talage, Tarwada, Thamba, T-nima, Toucouleurs, Trey andaing afrik, Tukpe, Umihenzi, Vere, Vering, Wels, Yess, Yuzhnoafrikanskaya zubatka
Synonyms: Clarias capensis Valenciennes 1840, Clarias depressus Myers 1925, Clarias lazera Valenciennes 1840, Clarias longiceps Boulenger 1899, Clarias macracanthus Günther 1864, Clarias malaris Nichols & Griscom 1917, Clarias microphthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias micropthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias moorii Boulenger 1901, Clarias mossambicus Peters 1852, Clarias muelleri Pietschmann 1939, Clarias notozygurus Lönnberg & Rendahl 1922, Clarias orontis Günther 1864, Clarias robecchii Vinciguerra 1893, Clarias smithii Günther 1896, Clarias syriacus Valenciennes 1840, Clarias tsanensis Boulenger 1902, Clarias vinciguerrae Boulenger 1902, Clarius gariepinus Burchell 1822, Clarius guentheri Pfeffer 1896, Clarius xenodon Günther 1864, Heterobranchus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus charmuth Lacepède 1803, Silurus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Silurus gariepinus Burchell 1822
6. Columba livia (bird) English  français   
Columba livia is native to Europe and has been introduced worldwide as a food source, or for game. These pigeons prefer to live near human habitation, such as farmland and buildings. They cause considerable damage to buildings and monuments because of their corrosive droppings. They also pose a health hazard, since they are capable of transmitting a variety of diseases to humans and to domestic poultry and wildlife.
Common Names:  pombo-doméstico, agreste, b? câu, bákteduvvá, balandis, bareski-golumbaika, baresko-golumbo, bjargdúfa, bládúgva, bládúva, bydue, calman-creige, calmane creggey, carrier pigeon, colm aille, colom roquer, colom roquer, colom wyls, colomba salvaria, colomen ddôf, colomen y graig, colomp salvadi, columba da chasa, columba selvadia, columbu agreste, columbu aresti, columbu de is arrocas, colu'r aille, common pigeon, didu, div gulab, divlji golub, dobato, domaci golob, domestic dove, domestic pigeon, dubet, dziwi holb, Felsentaube, feral pigeon, feral rock pigeon, golab miejski¦Golab skalny, golab skalny, golub pecinar, golub pecinar, gradski Golub, güvercin, haitz-uso, Haustaube, Strassentaube, holub domácí, holub skalní, homing pigeon, húsdúfa, kaljutuvi, kalliokyyhky, kawarabato, kawara-bato, kesykyyhky, kieminis, klinšu balodis, klippduva, klippedue, kolombo, kolomm an garrek, naminis karvelis, paloma, paloma bravia, paloma casera, paloma común, paloma de castilla, paloma doméstica, pecinar, pëllumbi i egër i shkëmbit, piccione, piccione domestico, piccione selvatico, piccione selvatico semidomestico, piccione terraiolo, piccione torraiolo, pichon, pigeon, pigeon biset, pigeon biset domestique, pigeon de ville, pigeon domestique, pomba brava, pombo da rocha, pombo o pombo-doméstico, pombo-das-rochas, porumbel de stânca, pustynnik, rock dove, rock dove pigeon, rock pigeon, rotsduif, ruve, sizij golub, sizy Golub, sizyj golub', skalen g'l'b, šyzy holub, szirti galamb, tamduva, tidori, tidu, Tkhakapuyt Aghavni, tudun tal-gebel, tzidu, Verwilderte Haustaube, Xixella, yuan ge, ziwy golub
7. Commelina benghalensis (herb) English     
Believed to be native only to tropical Asia and Africa, Commelina benghalensis is a widely distributed herbaceous weed that commonly invades agricultural sites and disturbed areas. Though not commonly reported to invade natural areas, this rapidly reproducing plant is considered one of the most troublesome weeds for 25 crops in 29 different countries.
Common Names: alikbangon, Benghal dayflower, bias-bias, blue commelina, comméline, commeline du Bengale, dayflower, gewor, golondrina, hairy honohono, hairy wandering-Jew, herbe aux cochons, Indian dayflower, kanaibashi, kanasiri, kanchara, kanchura, kaningi, kanini, kankaua, kena, konasimalu, krishnaghas, kuhasi, kulkulasi, mankawa, matalí, mau‘u Toga, mau‘u Tonga, musie matala pulu, myet-cho, sabilau, sabilau, trapoeraba, tropical spiderwort, tsuyukusa, tsuyukusa, wandering-jew, yu-je-tsai
Synonyms: Commelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
8. Cynictis penicillata (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Yellow Mongoose
9. Estrilda astrild (bird)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The common waxbill, Estrilda astrild is native to tropical and southern Africa, but has been introduced to many island nations where it has shown mixed success in establishment. It feeds mainly on grass seeds and is commonly found in open long grass plains and close to human habitation. E. astrild shows a high reproductive rate which is attributed to its ability to naturalize easily.
Common Names: avadavat, common waxbill, red-cheeked waxbill, waxbill
10. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) (micro-organism)
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals both domestic and wild. The disease does not typically kill adults but will cause pregnant females to abort and mortality among some young animals. Recovery is slow and can cause permanent reduction in milk yield. Temporary reductions in meat output and other livestock products are common. Vaccination can help prevent outbreaks, but when actual outbreaks occur quick action and mass slaughter is most widely accepted course of management action to prevent the spread of the virus.
Common Names: foot-and-mouth disease, foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)
11. Genetta genetta (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Common Genet, Genette Commune , Gineta , Ibiza Common Genet , Ibiza Genet , small-spotted genet
12. Herpestes pulverulentus (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Cape Gray Mongoose, Small Grey Mongoose
Synonyms: Galerella pulverulenta (Wagner, 1839)
13. Launaea intybacea (shrub)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Bitter lettuce (Launaea intybacea) is a native of Africa and has been introduced to parts of lower Northern America, the West Indies, Central America, South America, temperate and tropical Asia. A cosmopolitan weed it is adapted to dry conditions. It is reported to be spreading rapidly in disturbed areas on Grand Cayman.
Common Names: achicoria azul, bitter lettuce
Synonyms: Lactuca intybacea Jacq., Bracyrhamphus intybaceus (Jacq.) DC., Lactuca intybacea Jacq.
14. Oxalis pes-caprae (herb)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Oxalis pes-caprae is a short, perennial herb that is native to southern Africa. It mainly reproduces vegetatively via bulbs, and can form large clonal colonies. Colonies flower synchronously, with distinctive bright yellow flowers that are large and cup-shaped. It is commonly found growing in agricultural areas, cultivated areas, fields, disturbed/ruderal zones, gardens, wasteland, riparian zones, dunes and scrubland.
Common Names: African woodsorrel, Bermuda buttercup, buttercup oxalis, Englishweed, sour sorrel, sourgrass, soursob, yellow sorrel
Synonyms: Bolboxalis cernua (Thunb.) Small, Oxalis cernua Thunb., Oxalis libica Viv., Oxalis pleniflora Lanfranco
15. Panicum repens (grass) English     
Panicum repens is a perennial grass that frequently forms dense colonies and has long, creeping rhizomes. It grows in moist, often sandy soils and its rhizomes often extend several feet out into the water. Panicum repens frequently forms dense floating mats that impede water flow in ditches and canals and restrict recreational use of shoreline areas of lakes and ponds. Management of Panicum repens involves the repeated application of herbicides. There is very little physical management that can be used to control Panicum repens, as disturbance encourages its growth.
Common Names: canota, couch panicum , creeping panic , kriechende Hirse, millet rampant , panic rampant , torpedo grass , torpedograss , Victoria grass , wainaku grass
Synonyms: Panicum airoides R. Br. , Panicum aquaticum A. Rich. , Panicum arenarium Brotero , Panicum chromatostigma Pilg. , Panicum convolutum P.Beauv. ex Spreng. , Panicum gouinii (Fourn.), Panicum hycrocharis Steud. , Panicum ischaemoides Retz. , Panicum kinshassense Vanderyst , Panicum leiogonum Delile , Panicum littorale C.Mohr ex Vasey , Panicum nyanzense K.Schum. , Panicum roxburghianum Schult. , Panicum sieberi Link , Panicum tuberosum Llanos , Panicum uliginosum Roxb. ex Roem. & Schult.
16. Paspalum scrobiculatum (grass) English     
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Paspalum scrobiculatum is a noxious weed in the United States and is potentially invasive in the Pacific.
Common Names: co duru levu, cow grass, creeping paspalum, desum, ditch millet, Indian crown grass, Indian paspalum, kodo, kodo millet, Kodohirse, kodomillet, kodo-millet, kodra, mijo koda, native Paspalum, rice grass, ricegrass paspalum, tho ndina, tho nduru levu, tho ni ndina, water couch
Synonyms: Paspalum cartilagineum J. Presl, Paspalum commersonii Lam., Paspalum orbiculare G. Forst., Paspalum polystachyum R. Br., Paspalum scrobiculatum var. bispicatum, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. commersonii (Lam.) Stapf, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. polystachyum (R. Br.) Stapf, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. scrobiculatum
17. Porphyrio porphyrio (bird)
The ecological similarity of the purple swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) to the Florida native common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and purple gallinule (Porphyrula martinica) have prompted efforts to eliminate this member of the rail family from Florida. It is not clear what negative consequences could result from these non-native birds but in other parts of the world they are noted for their aggressive behaviour and their habit of eating other bird's eggs.
Common Names: bláhæna, caimão, calamón común, Modrzyk, pollo sultano, pukeko, purperkoet, purpurhöna, Purpurhuhn, seikei, slípka modrá, sultanhøne, sultanhøne, sultánka modrá, sulttaanikana, talève sultane
18. Rottboellia cochinchinensis (grass) English  français     
Rottboellia cochinchinensis is an erect annual grass that reaches heights of 4 metres. It is a weed of warm-season crops around the world, preferring tropical and subtropical climates. It grows along roadsides and in other open, well-drained sites. R. cochinchinensis is an aggressive weed, considered to be one of the 12 worst weeds that infest sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in the world. It is also a very competitive weed with maize crops. R. cochinchinensis has irritating hairs on its stem which makes it difficult to control it manually in small-scale farms. It is tolerant to most herbicides that are applied in cotton and maize fields. Management and removal of R. cochinchinensis requires the use of many man hours and the application of several techniques to ensure control.
Common Names: anguigay, annarai, bandjangan, barsali, bukal, bura, caminadora, capim-camalote, cebada fina, corn grass, dholu, doekoet kikisian, fataque duvet, gaho, girum nagei, graminea corredora, guinea-fowl grass , herbe à poils, herbe de riz, herbe fataque-duvet, herbe queue-de-rat, itch grass, itchgrass , jointed grass, Kelly grass , kokoma grass , konda panookoo, lisofya, paja peluda, prickle grass, Raoul grass, rice grass, sagisi, sancarana, shamva grass, sugarcane weed, swooate, tsunoaiashi
Synonyms: Aegilops exaltata L., Manisuris exaltata (L. f.) Kuntze , Ophiurus appendiculatus Steud., Rottboellia arundinacea Hochst. ex A. Rich , Rottboellia denudata Steud., Rottboellia exaltata L. f., nom. illeg, Rottboellia setosa J.S. Presl ex C.B. Presl , Stegosia cochinchinensis Lour, Stegosia exaltata Nash
19. Sansevieria hyacinthoides (succulent)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Sansevieria hyacinthioides is an extremely durable, and tough rhizomatous perennial. S. hyacinthioides has escaped in Florida, where it is listed by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council as a Category II invasive exotic. On the Cayman Islands where it is introduced forms a dense groundcover which can inhibit native herbaceous species.
Common Names: African bowstring hemp, bowstring hemp, iguanatail
Synonyms: Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britt., Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britton, Sansevieria guineensis (L.) Willd., Sansevieria metallica Horton ex Gerome & Labroy, Sansevieria thyrsiflora Thunb.
20. Senecio inaequidens (shrub) English     
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Senecio (Asteraceae) contains circa 1500 species worldwide of which 133 are considered weeds. Senecio inaequidens is a dominant invasive species throughout western Europe and is one of the most rapidly spreading introduced plant species in Europe.
Common Names: Bezemkruiskruid, Boerstånds, Boersvineblom, Buurivillakko, groundsel, guano bush, narrow-leaved ragwort, sénecon Sud-africain, Schmalblättriges Kreuzkraut, senecione Sudafricano, séneçon du Cap, Smalbladet Brandbæger, small-leaved groundsel , South African ragwort , Starcek úzkolistý, Starzec nierównozebny, Südafrikanisches Greiskraut, Ungleichzähniges Greiskraut
Synonyms: Senecio burchelli, Senecio carnulentis, Senecio douglasii, Senecio fasciculatus minor, Senecio harveianus, Senecio lautus, Senecio paniculatus, Senecio reclinatus, Senecio vimineus
21. Trapa natans (aquatic plant) English     
Trapa natans, commomly known as water chestnut, is an annual plant introduced from Asia and has become abundant in the northeastern United States where it creates a nuisance in lakes, ponds, canals and other slow-moving water. Trapa natans grows best in shallow, nutrient-rich lakes and rivers and is generally found in waters with a pH range of 6.7 to 8.2 and alkalinity of 12 to 128 mg/L of calcium carbonate. Trapa natans out-competes native plants for sunlight and spreads either by the rosettes detaching from their stems and floating to another area, or more often by the nuts being swept by currents or waves to other parts of the lake or river.
Common Names: bull nut, European water chestnut, water chestnut, water nut
22. Vulpes chama (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Cape Fox, Le Renaud Du Cap, Silver Fox , Silver Jackal , Zorro Chama , Zorro Del Cabo

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland