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   Ficus rubiginosa (乔木, 灌木) English   
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    26 参考文献 找到 Ficus rubiginosa:

    1. Environment Bay of Plenty. Undated. Port Jackson fig. Environment Bay of Plenty Regional Council, NZ.

    2. MAF Biosecurity Authority 2004. Standard 155.02.05: Importation of Seed for Sowing. Issued as an import health standard pursuant to section 22 of the Biosecurity Act 1993, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, MAF Biosecurity Authority, Wellington New Zealand
      摘要: Regulation banning import of F. rubiginosa seed from New Zealand.
      摘要: A detailed account of the history of Ficus rubiginosa in Hawai'i, and in particular the island of Maui.
      Available from: [Accessed 17 June 2005]

      摘要: Notes on natural history of Ficus spp. with a photograp of a F. rubiginosa established on the trunk of a Phoenix sp. in California. States that California's climate prevents invasiveness by hemiepiphytic Ficus.
      Available from: [Accessed 17 June 2005]
      摘要: Taxonomic changes for F. rubiginosa with two forms recognised.
      Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005]

    7. Dixon, D. J. 2003. A taxonomic revision of the Australian Ficus species in the section Malvanthera (Ficus subg. Urostigma: Moraceae). Telopea. 2003; 10(1): 125-153.
      摘要: New taxonomic desriptions for members of Malvanthera including F. rubiginosa.
      摘要: A revision of the taxon, with the two subspecies reduced to forms.
      Available from: [Accessed 12 June 2005]
      摘要: A revision of the Ficus obliqua -Ficus rubiginosa complex is presented. Ficus obliqua var. obliqua remains F. obliqua. Ficus obliqua var. petiolaris, Ficus platypoda var. angustata andF. rubiginosa become F. rubiginosa f. rubiginosa. A second form with glabrous leaves, F. rubiginosa f. glabrescens, is recognised. The data from the pollinator wasps strongly supports the new descriptions with F. obliqua pollinated by Pleistodontes greenwoodi and F. rubiginosa sens lat. pollinated by Pleistodontes imperialis.
      Available from: [Accessed 11 June 2005].
      摘要: Distribution of fig wasps in New Zealand and species descriptions.
      Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005]
      摘要: Lists the 21 principal species of Ficus cultivated in Spain.
      Available from: [Accessed 17 June 2005].
      摘要: The Australian banyan-type fig trees Ficus macrophylla and F. rubiginosa are commonly cultivated in northern New Zealand. Both have now acquired their pollinating wasps, apparently by long distance dispersal. Pleistodontes imperialis, the wasp specific to F. rubiginosa, arrived within the last 20 years or so, and naturalised plants are found near parent trees. The wasp specific to F. macrophylla, P. froggatti, is newly recorded here for New Zealand, and naturalisation of this fig too seems inevitable. The size and vigour of both figs and their lack of natural enemies (notably an immunity to possum browsing) indicate that they may be able to invade forest and other native plant communities.
      Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005]
      摘要: Notes on Ficus rubiginosa in mainland USA.
      Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      摘要: A brief description of the species and its locations in the campus of the Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca. (Spain)
      Available from: [Accessed 15 June 2005]
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: [Accessed March 2005]

    17. Kjellberg F. E. Jousselin J. L. Bronstein A. Patel J. Yokoyama J. V. Rasplus, 2001 Pollination mode in fig wasps: the predictive power of correlated traits. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 268: 1113-1121
      摘要: Collections of Pleistodontes imperialis listed for Australia and Spain.
      摘要: The study of the ecology of cities is in its infancy. This study therefore sought to explore an element of urban ecology. It investigated the establishment dynamics of strangler figs and constraints on their development in urban parklands of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Of 3580 trees and palms in study parks approximately 5% supported at least one Ficus spp. Six Ficus species occur epiphytically in older parkland. Four are Brisbane natives: F. macrophylla, F. obliqua, F. platypoda and F. virens, and two are from elsewhere in Australia, F. benjamina and F. rubiginosa. A lack of pollinator wasps in the Brisbane area is preventing exotic and other native Ficus spp. from reproducing. Though predominantly open communities, the percentage of phorophytes (support trees) in the study parks is similar to that associated with natural, closed communities. Ficus become established in structural areas that accumulate humic soil, such as trunk and branch axes on trees, and behind marcescent leaf bases of palms. Plants with few humus pockets support few Ficus species. Environmental factors such as atmospheric quality, canopy shade, bark texture, and whether or not a park is sprinkled, seem not to be consequential to Ficus establishment. Significantly greater numbers of Ficus occur on deciduous trees and on the western sides of palms with marcescent leaf bases.F. obliqua var. petiolaris is now regarded as F. rubiginosa f. glabrescens.F. platypoda from this study is now regarded as F. rubiginosa f. glabrescens.F. rubiginosa f. rubiginosa, refered to as F. rubiginosa in this study, is not found naturally in the Brisbane area but F. rubiginosa f. glabrescens is endemic.
      Available from: [Accessed 13 March 2005].

    19. McPherson, J.R., 2004. The Ecology of Ficus Hemi-epiphytes in Queensland Urban Parks. PhD Thesis, James Cook University
      摘要: Ficus rubiginosa has a major presence in the urban parks of south east Queensland, a moderate presence in the urban parks of east central Queensland and a minor presence in the urban parks of north east Queensland. The species is naturalised in the urban parks of coastal New South Wales. All these regions are part of its historical range, though it seems to have been always rare in the wet tropics. It has expanded its range to some irrigated urban parks of Victoria. In South Australian urban parks the species is pollinated but no seedlings are yet recorded.
      摘要: There are no Ficus species native to Hawai'i. About 39,000 Ficus rubiginosa trees were planted in the state of Hawai'i during the 1920's and 1930's as a forestry tree. On Maui, F. rubiginosa were planted in plantations along the Hana Hwy from Ha'iku to Hana and in Fleming Arboretum on West Maui. The pollinator wasp for F. rubiginosa, Pleistondontes imperialis Saunders, was introduced to Hawai'i in 1922 to facilitate the spread of this tree species. As a result, F. rubiginosa is reproducing sexually in Hawai'i today. It was first reported in 1995 as naturalized on O'ahu. It was then later reported as naturalized on both West and East Maui in 1999. It invades both disturbed and native ecosystems. F. rubiginosa is capable of germinating as an epiphyte in native host trees, such as koa (Acacia koa) and ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha), sending down aerial roots, and eventually destroying the host tree. Control of this species is difficult due to epiphytic growth in usually steep and wet terrain.
      Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005].

    21. Randall, J.M. 1997. Weed Alert! New Invasive Weeds in California. California Invasive Plant Council (Cal-IPC) Symposia. 1997 Proceedings.
      摘要: Ficus rubiginosa reported as 'possibly established or persistent'.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 3 March 2006]

    24. Verkerke, W., 1989 ‘Structure and function of the fig’ Experientia, Vol. 45, pp. 612-622.
      摘要: A description of the anatomy of the Ficus spp. syconium.

    25. Wiebes, J.T. 1994, The Indo- Australian Agaoninae (Pollinators of Figs), Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam.
      摘要: Taxonomic descriptions of Indo-Australian Agaoninae and the Ficus spp. with which they are symbionts.

    26. Williams, K.A. 1979, Native Plants, Queensland, Vol. 1, K.A. Williams, Ipswich, Queensland.
      摘要: A photographic flora of Queensland plants.
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland