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   Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (魚類) English 
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    29 參考文獻 found for Hypophthalmichthys nobilis:
      摘要: This database is of alien aquatic animals inhabiting waterbodies of the Republic of Belarus. It allows to search the species by scientific taxonomy and to get information on their origin, distribution and potential ecological impacts. The database was composed in result of the analysis of literature published during the last century and authors' unpublished data. One can find some general information on Belarusian waterbodies, history of construction and functioning of the interbasin shipping canals, links to related sites, etc. The site is under testing and only an English version is available, a Russian version is expected shortly.
      The database is available from:
      This page is available from: [Accessed 28 May 2007]
      摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
      The decision support tools are available from: [Accessed 13 October 2011]
      The guidance document is available from [Accessed 13 January 2009].
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 3 February 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 20 March 2008]
      摘要: The discussion paper presents a conceptual risk assessment approach for freshwater fish species that addresses the first two elements (hazard identification, hazard assessment) of the UK environmental risk strategy The paper presents a few worked examples of assessments on species to facilitate discussion.
      Available from: [Accessed 1 September 2005]
      摘要: This publication aims to first provide decision makers and managers with information on the existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, either directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue (New Zealand, Australia and Chile).
      Available from: [Accessed 22 September 2008]

    7. Higbee, E., S. Fellow, and K. G. Shwayder. 2004. The Live Food Fish Industry: New Challenges in Preventing he Introduction and Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species. ANS Update: Fall/Winter 2004 Volume 10, No. 2
      摘要: In 1993, Canada, Mexico and the United States signed the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) as a side agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The NAAEC established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) to help the Parties ensure that improved economic efficiency occurred simultaneously with trinational environmental cooperation. The NAAEC highlighted biodiversity as a key area for trinational cooperation. In 2001, the CEC adopted a resolution (Council Resolution 01-03), which created the Biodiversity Conservation Working Group (BCWG), a working group of high-level policy makers from Canada, Mexico and the United States. In 2003, the BCWG produced the “Strategic Plan for North American Cooperation in the Conservation of Biodiversity.” This strategy identified responding to threats, such as invasive species, as a priority action area. In 2004, the BCWG, recognizing the importance of prevention in addressing invasive species, agreed to work together to develop the draft CEC Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines). These Guidelines will serve as a tool to North American resource managers who are evaluating whether or not to introduce a non-native species into a new ecosystem. Through this collaborative process, the BCWG has begun to implement its strategy as well as address an important trade and environment issue. With increased trade comes an increase in the potential for economic growth as well as biological invasion, by working to minimize the potential adverse impacts from trade, the CEC Parties are working to maximize the gains from trade while minimizing the environmental costs.
      Available from: English version: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      French version: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      Spanish version: [Accessed 15 June 2010].

    9. Stone, N., C. Engle, D. Heikes, and D. Freeman. 2000. Bighead Carp. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center: SRAC Publication No. 438.


    10. Aladin, N., 2001. Biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, CEP.
      摘要: Accessed from: [Accessed 22 September 2009]

    12. Burr, B. M., D. J. Eisenhour, K. M. Cook, C. A. Taylor, G. L. Seegert, R. W. Sauer, and E. R. Atwood. 1996. Nonnative Fishes in Illinois Waters: What Do the Records Reveal?. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (1996), Volume 89, 1 and 2, pp. 73-91.

    13. Ciolac, A. 2004. Migration of Fishes in Romanian Danube River. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 2(1):143-163.
      摘要: English:
      The species list sheet for the Mexican information system on invasive species currently provides information related to Scientific names, family, group and common names, as well as habitat, status of invasion in Mexico, pathways of introduction and links to other specialised websites. Some of the higher risk species already have a direct link to the alert page. It is important to notice that these lists are constantly being updated, please refer to the main page (, under the section Novedades for information on updates.
      Invasive species - fish is available from: [Accessed 30 July 2008]
      La lista de especies del Sistema de información sobre especies invasoras de méxico cuenta actualmente con información aceca de nombre científico, familia, grupo y nombre común, así como hábitat, estado de la invasión en México, rutas de introducción y ligas a otros sitios especializados. Algunas de las especies de mayor riesgo ya tienen una liga directa a la página de alertas. Es importante resaltar que estas listas se encuentran en constante proceso de actualización, por favor consulte la portada (, en la sección novedades, para conocer los cambios.
      Especies invasoras - Peces is available from: [Accessed 30 July 2008]
      摘要: The database includes records of species introduced or transferred from one country to another. The FAO Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS) was initiated by R. Welcomme in the early 1980s. Initially it considered primarily only freshwater species and formed the basis for the 1988 FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 294. Today DIAS has been expanded to include additional taxa, such as molluscs and crustaceans, and marine species.
      This factsheet is available from: [Accessed 10 April 2006]
      DIAS is available from:

    16. Elvira, B. 2001. Identification of non-native freshwater fishes established in Europe and assessment of their potential threats to the biological diversity. Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats: T-PVS (2001) 6.
      摘要: FishBase is a global information system with "all you ever wanted to know about fishes". FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science. FishBase was developed at the WorldFish Center in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and many other partners, and with support from the European Commission (EC). Since 2001 FishBase is supported by a consortium of seven research institutions. You can search on Search FishBase
      This species profile is available from: [Accessed 27 September 22 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 27 May 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 27 May 2005]

    20. Holcik, J. UNDATED. Changes in the fish fauna and fisheries in the Slovak section of the Danube River: a review. H Ann. Limnol. Int. J. Lim. 39 (3), 177-195
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: [Accessed September 22 2009]

    22. Lusk, S., L. Hanel, and V. Luskova. 2004. Red List of the ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: Development and present status. Folia Zool. - 53(2): 215-226 (2004).

    23. Nguyen T. T., and U. N. Nakorn. 2004. Genetic impacts of translocations on biodiversity of aquatic species with particular reference to Asian countries. Aquaculture Asia 9(2): 4-7.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 27 May 2005]

    25. Pitman, B. 2003. Preventing Spread of Non-Target Species. United States Fish and Wildlife Service: Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator - Southwest Region.

    26. Shrestha, T. K. UNDATED. Conservation and Management of Fishes in the Large Himalayan Rivers of Nepal. Central Department of Zoology: Tribhuvan University.

    27. Spataru, P., and M. Gophen. 1985. Feeding behaviour of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. and its impact on the food web in Lake Kinneret, Israel . Hydrobiologia Issue: Volume 120, Number 153 - 61 1985.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 22 September 2009]

    29. Zhukov P I, 1988. Encyclopedia on ecology of freshwater fishes. Minsk, Nauka i tekhnika Press
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland