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   Alosa pseudoharengus (魚類) English 
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    32 參考文獻 found for Alosa pseudoharengus:
      摘要: Species fact sheet reporting common name, scientific name, classification, identification, original distribution, current distribution, site and date of introduction, modes of introduction, reasons why it has become established, ecological role, benefits, threats, control level diagnosis, and control method.
      Available from: [Accessed 28 September 2003]
      摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
      The decision support tools are available from: [Accessed 13 October 2011]
      The guidance document is available from [Accessed 13 January 2009].
      摘要: The discussion paper presents a conceptual risk assessment approach for freshwater fish species that addresses the first two elements (hazard identification, hazard assessment) of the UK environmental risk strategy The paper presents a few worked examples of assessments on species to facilitate discussion.
      Available from: [Accessed 1 September 2005]
      摘要: This publication aims to first provide decision makers and managers with information on the existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, either directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue (New Zealand, Australia and Chile).
      Available from: [Accessed 22 September 2008]

    5. Krueger, C. C., D. L. Perkins, E. L. Mills, and J. E. Marsden. 1995. Predation by alewives on lake trout fry in Lake Ontario: role of an exotic species in preventing restoration of a native species. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21(Supplement 1):458-469.
      摘要: Species fact sheet reporting on background information, impacts, and general descriptions.
      Available from: [Accessed 28 September 2003]

    7. O'Gorman R., and C. P. Schneider. 1986. Dynamics of alewives in Lake Ontario following a mass mortality. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115:1-14.

    8. O'Gorman, R., and T. J. Stewart. 1999. Ascent, dominance, and decline of the alewife in the Great Lakes: food web interactions and management strategies. Pages 489-514, in W. W. Taylor and P. Ferreri (eds.), Great Lakes Policy and Management: A Binational Perspective. Michigan State University Press.

    9. O'Gorman, R., B. F. Lantry, and C. P. Schneider. 2004. Effect of stock size, climate, predation, and trophic status on recruitment of alewives in Lake Ontario, 1978-2000. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133: 855-867.
      摘要: Species fact sheet reporting description, identification, impacts, problems, and management strategies.
      Available from: [Accessed 28 September 2003]

    11. Wells, L., and A. L. McLain. 1973. Lake Michigan--man’s effects on native fish stocks and other biota. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Technical Report 20, Ann Arbor, Michigan


    12. Bushnoe, T.M., Warner, D.M., Rudstam, L.G., and Mills, E.L. 2003. Cercopagis pengoi as a new prey item for alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in Lake Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 29 (2): 205-212.
      摘要: Alewife fact sheet available from the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife.
      Available from [Accessed 28 September 2003]
      摘要: FishBase is a global information system with "all you ever wanted to know about fishes". FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science. FishBase was developed at the WorldFish Center in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and many other partners, and with support from the European Commission (EC). Since 2001 FishBase is supported by a consortium of seven research institutions. You can search on Search FishBase
      This species profile is available from: [Accessed 7 September, 2004]

    15. Fitzsimons, J. D., S. B. Brown, D. C. Honeyfield, and J. G. Hnath. 1999. A review of early mortality syndrome (EMS) in Great Lakes salmonids: relationship with thiamine deficiency. Ambio 28:9-15.

    16. Fitzsimons, John D.; Williston, Bill and Fodor, Georgina 2004. An assessment of the direct and indirect impacts of aquatic invasive species on lake trout restoration in the Great Lakes. In Abstracts: 13th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species, September 20-24, 2004. Lynch West County Hotel, Ennis, County Clare, Ireland.
      摘要: Impacts of some invasive species on native species within the Great Lakes.
      摘要: Available from:

    18. Graham, J.J.1956. University of Toronto Studies Biological Series Publication 62, Publication of the Ontario Fisheries Research Laboratory 74, Toronto, Canada

    19. Harman Willard N; Albright Matthew F; and Warner David M., 2002. Trophic changes in Otsego Lake, NY following the introduction of the alewife (Alosa psuedoharengus). Lake & Reservoir Management. 215-226.
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: [Accessed December 31 2004]

    21. Janssen, J., and Luebke, M.A. 2004. Preference for rocky habitat by age-0 yellow perch and alewives. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 30 (1): 93-99.

    22. Madenjian, C. P., G. L. Fahnenstiel, T. H. Johengen, T. F. Nalepa, H. A. Vanderploeg, G. W. Fleischer, P. J. Schneeberger, D. M. Benjamin, E. B. Smith, J. R. Bence, E. S. Rutherford, D. S. Lavis, D. M. Robertson, D. J. Jude, and M. P. Ebener. 2002. Dynamics of the Lake Michigan food web, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:736-753.

    23. Madenjian, C.P., Holuszko, J.D., and DeSorcie, T.J. 2003. Growth and condition of alewives in Lake Michigan, 1984-2001. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 132 (6): 1104-1116.

    24. Madenjian, C.P., O’Connor, D.V., Chernyak, S.M., Rediske, R.R., and O’Keefe, J.P. 2004. Evaluation of a chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) bioenergetics model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 61 (4): 627-635.

    25. Mills, E. L., R. O'Gorman, J. DeGisi, R. F. Heberger, and R. A. House. 1992. Food of the alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) in Lake Ontario before and after the establishment of Bythotrephes cederstroemi. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 49:2009-2019
      摘要: Information on description, similar species, size, habitat, distribution, food habits, reproductive habits, and population status of species.
      Available at: [Accessed 28 September 2003]

    27. O'Gorman, R., D. H. Barwick, and C. A. Bowen. 1987. Discrepancies between ages determined from scales and otoliths for alewives from the Great Lakes. Pages 203-210 in R. C. Summerfelt and G. E. Hall editors. Age and Growth of Fish. Iowa StateUniversity Press, Ames, Iowa.

    28. O'Gorman, R., E. L. Mills, and J. S. DeGisi. 1991. Use of zooplankton to assess the movement and distribution of alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) in south-central Lake Ontario in spring. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:2250-2257.

    29. O'Gorman, R., O. E. Johannsson, and C. P. Schneider. 1997. Age and growth of alewives in the changing pelagia of Lake Ontario, 1977-1992. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 126:112-126.

    30. Owens, R. W., R. O'Gorman, E. L. Mills, L. G. Rudstam, J. J. Hasse, B. H. Kulik, and D. B. MacNeill. 1998. Blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis) in Lake Ontario: First record, entry route, and colonization potential. Journal of Great Lakes Research 24:723-730.
      摘要: Information on description, similar species, size, habitat, distribution, food habits, reproductive habits, and population status of species.
      Available from: [Accessed 28 September 2003]

    32. Wells, L. 1977. Changes in yellow perch (Perca flavescens) populations of Lake Michigan, 1954-75. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 29:889-898.
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland