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   Channa marulius (魚類) English 
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    34 參考文獻 found for Channa marulius:
      摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
      The decision support tools are available from: [Accessed 13 October 2011]
      The guidance document is available from [Accessed 13 January 2009].
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 20 March 2008]
      摘要: The discussion paper presents a conceptual risk assessment approach for freshwater fish species that addresses the first two elements (hazard identification, hazard assessment) of the UK environmental risk strategy The paper presents a few worked examples of assessments on species to facilitate discussion.
      Available from: [Accessed 1 September 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 23 April 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: An extensive report on snakeheads, including information on biology, ecology, and management.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Legat status
      Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: In 1993, Canada, Mexico and the United States signed the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) as a side agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The NAAEC established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) to help the Parties ensure that improved economic efficiency occurred simultaneously with trinational environmental cooperation. The NAAEC highlighted biodiversity as a key area for trinational cooperation. In 2001, the CEC adopted a resolution (Council Resolution 01-03), which created the Biodiversity Conservation Working Group (BCWG), a working group of high-level policy makers from Canada, Mexico and the United States. In 2003, the BCWG produced the “Strategic Plan for North American Cooperation in the Conservation of Biodiversity.” This strategy identified responding to threats, such as invasive species, as a priority action area. In 2004, the BCWG, recognizing the importance of prevention in addressing invasive species, agreed to work together to develop the draft CEC Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines). These Guidelines will serve as a tool to North American resource managers who are evaluating whether or not to introduce a non-native species into a new ecosystem. Through this collaborative process, the BCWG has begun to implement its strategy as well as address an important trade and environment issue. With increased trade comes an increase in the potential for economic growth as well as biological invasion, by working to minimize the potential adverse impacts from trade, the CEC Parties are working to maximize the gains from trade while minimizing the environmental costs.
      Available from: English version: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      French version: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      Spanish version: [Accessed 15 June 2010].


    12. AFA (Asian Fishing Adventure), 2003. Thailand: Giant Snakehead Fish B&B Worldwide Fishing Adventures.
      摘要: A report on C. marulius in Thailand.
      摘要: A reference on the distribution of C. marulius in Asia.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 23 April 2009]

    15. Courtenay, Walter R. Jr. 2007. Introduced species: What species do you have and how do you know? Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 136(4). JUL 2007. 1160-1164.
      摘要: Abstract: The introduction of fishes, whether of foreign origin or from one part of North America to another, has been part of fisheries management for much of the past century, some introductions dating well back into the nineteenth century. Federal, state, and provincial agencies, along with aquaculture facilities and private aquarists, have all played important roles in this history. In recent decades there have been many unauthorized introductions via a rapidly increasing number of pathways, some of which are difficult to control. One very large problem in dealing with introduced fish is the inability of many fishery biologists and managers to identify native fishes in their jurisdictions, recognize introduced species, and appreciate the management problems that might result. Proper management cannot be done by those who have little knowledge of systematic ichthyology and who are thus unable to identify the fishes they are dealing with, be they native or introduced. I suggest a solution to some of these problems and recommend a curriculum change to better train future fishery biologists and managers.
      摘要: FishBase is a global information system with "all you ever wanted to know about fishes". FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science. FishBase was developed at the WorldFish Center in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and many other partners, and with support from the European Commission (EC). Since 2001 FishBase is supported by a consortium of seven research institutions. You can search on Search FishBase
      This species profile is available from: [Accessed 21 March, 2005]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: Available from:
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      摘要: A report on the history and distribution of C. marulius.

    25. Herborg, L., Mandrak, N.E., Cudmore, B.C. & MacIsaac, H.J. 2007. Comparative distribution and invasion risk of snakehead (Channidae) and Asian carp (Cyprinidae) species in North America. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Volume 64, Number 12, pp. 1723-1735(13)
      摘要: Herborg and colleagues (2007) predict suitable environments of 14 high-profile species of nonindigenous snakehead (Channidae) and Asian carp (Cyprinidae) species in North America based upon ecological niche modelling.
      摘要: A poster on several species of the Channa genus.
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: [Accessed December 31 2004]
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
      摘要: A summary on the biology and habitat of C. marulius.

    30. Prasad, Bijay Bhushan., 2002. Trophic ecology of an air-breathing fish, Channa marulius (Ham.). Geobios (Jodhpur). 29(1). January, 2002. 9-12.

    31. Shafland, Paul L.; Gestring, Kelly B.; Stanford, Murray S., 2007. Florida's exotic freshwater fishes - 2007. Florida Scientist. 71(3). SUM 2008. 220-242.

    32. USGS (US Geological Survey), NAS (Non-indigenous Aquatic Species). 2003. Giant snakehead found in Wisconsin waters (News item). U.S. Department of the Interior, 2003-09-19.
      摘要: Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2009]
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland