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   Carduus nutans (草本植物) English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫

    18 參考文獻 found for Carduus nutans:
      摘要: Bilogical control in Australia.

    2. Environment Waikato. 2002. Nodding Thistle (Carduus nutans) and Plumeless Thistle (Carduus acanthoides)
      摘要: Report on the identification, distribution, history, ecological effects, and detailed report on management.
      摘要: Biological control and containment of Carduus nutans in New Zealand.
      摘要: Report on the description, biology, distribution, ecological effects, and management options.
      摘要: Report on history, identification, and management. Detailed information of chemical controls.

    9. Shea and Kelly, 1998. Estimating Biocontrol Agent Imapct with Matrix Models: Carduus nutans in New Zealand. Ecological Applications, 8(3), 1998, pp. 824–832.
      摘要: The use of matrix models to assess the impact of biological control and other pest management strategies with a case study of Carduus nutans (nodding thistle) in New Zealand.

    10. Taranaki Regional Council. 2003. Thistles. The Pest Plant Management Section.

    11. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy


    12. Desrochers AM, Bain JF, Warwick SI, 1988. A biosytematic study of the Carduus nutans complex in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany, 66:1621-1631.

    13. Doing H, Biddiscombe EF, Knedlhans S, 1969. Ecology and distribution of the Carduus nutans group (nodding thistles) in Australia. Vegetatio, 17:313-351.

    14. Harrington KC, 1996. Herbicide management and thistle control - how to avoid resistance. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11:273-275.
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: [Accessed December 31 2004]

    16. Moore WB, Doyle CJ, Rahman A, 1989. Economics of controlling Carduus nutans on grazed pasture in New Zealand. Crop Protection, 8:16-24.

    17. Popay AI, Medd RW, 1990. The biology of Australian weeds 21. Carduus nutans L. ssp nutans. Plant Protection Quarterly, 5(1):3-13.
      摘要: Images.
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland