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   Limnoperna fortunei (軟體動物) English 
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    8 參考文獻 found for Limnoperna fortunei:
      摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
      The decision support tools are available from: [Accessed 13 October 2011]
      The guidance document is available from [Accessed 13 January 2009].
      摘要: A preliminary guide published online by the the Grupo de Investigación en Moluscos Invasores, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo (UNLP), La Plata, Argentina.
      摘要: This report is the final report of a two year study designed to identify and rank introduced marine species found within Australian waters (potential domestic target species) and those that are not found within Australian waters (potential international target species).
      Available from: [Accessed 25 May 2005]


    5. Darrigan, G. & Ezcurra de Drago, I. 2000. Invasion of Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) in America. Nautilus, 2: 69-74.
      摘要: We traced the invasion and distribution of the Asian bivalve Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) in the Americas and comment on the problems caused by this species since its arrival. In 1991 this bivalve was introduced into the Plata Basin (currently the only American continent drainage invaded by this species) through the Río de la Plata. Towards the end of 1994 and during 1995 it spread throughout the Argentine coast of the Río de la Plata and has been reported from the Uruguayan coast. In 1995 and 1996, it was first discovered in the Río Paraná, first up to Santo Tomé (31°40’S - 60°45’W) and later up to Goya (29°10’S - 59°16’W). In November 1996, it was reported in Isla del Cerrito, where the Río Paraguay joins the Río Paraná (27º20´S – 58º43´W). In April, 1997, it was collected in Río Paraguay in Asunción Harbor (25º17´21´´S – 57º38´08´´W) Paraguay; its northernmost location to date. In 1999, it was detected in Brazil (Praia Itapua, Municipio Viamao, Rio Grande do Sul). These recent records document its permanent expansion and adaptation to different environments of the basin. Key words: South America. Neotropical Region. The Plata Basin. Invasive species. Limnoperna fortunei. Distribution. Biofouling.

    6. Darrigan, G. & Pastorino, G. 1995. The Recent Introduction of Asiatic Bivalve, Limnoperna fortunei (Mytilidae) into South America. The Veliger, 38(2):183-187. California, EEUU.
      摘要: The temporal and spacial distribution of Limnoperna fortunei in the Argentine litoral of the Río de la Plata is reported. Its distribution is limited by the most contaminated areas and by an increment in the salinity concentration. A decrease in density was recorded between August 1992 and january 1993. Subsequently there was an increase in density up to a maximum of 82,000 ind/m2 in May 1993. It is concluded that because of its functional and morphological characteristics, L. fortunei will spread quickly. With C. fluminea and C. largillierti, L. fortunei is the third invading species to be introduced into South America from Southeast Asia. Its possible entry to Argentina, by trading ships from Korea and Hong Kong, is suggested. Import peaks correspond with the arrival of these three invaders.
      摘要: The rapid expansion of invasive bivalves distribution into inland waters of South America portends significant changes in these environments. Limnoperna fortunei, the golden mussel, is provoking a new economic/environmental impact in South American freshwaters - namely macrofouling. Before the invasion of the golden mussel, this impact was only recorded in the marine and estuarine environment of the Neotropical region. To date, Corbicula fluminea, or the Asiatic clam, does not present generalized cases of macrofouling in the Neotropical region, as is common in the Holarctic region. However, the first two specific cases of macrofouling caused by C. fluminea were recently detected, in heat interchangers of power stations in Brazil. The impact caused by invasive bivalves in the Neotropical region is not only an economic one. Among the problems related to the presence of the golden mussel, the rapid change in benthic communities, favoring the presence of Oligochaeta and Hirudinea as well as the displacement of native species of mollusks, are registered. Other examples are the settlement of the golden mussel on native bivalves, or the fact that since the introduction of this bivalve, two gastropods have become rare (before the introduction, these gastropods were common). In relation to native fish species, this bivalve is a new element in the diet, constituting the main food item. Key words: Argentina Corbicula fluminea, environmental impact, freshwater bivalves, invasions, Limnoperna fortunei, Neotropical region.

    8. Morton, B. 1973. Some aspects of the biology and funcional morphology of the organs of feeding and digestion of Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker) (Bivalvia: Mytilacea). Malacologia 12(2): 265-281.
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland