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    40 references found for Adelges tsugae:
    Management information

    1. Asaro, C., Berisford, C.W., Montgomery, M.E., Rhea, J. and Hanula, J. 2005. Biological control of the hemlock woolly adelgid in the Southern Appalachians. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    2. Cheah, C.A.S-J., Mayer, M.A., Palmer, D., Scudder, T. and Chianese, R. 2005. Assessments of biological control of hemlock woolly adelgid with Sasajiscymnus tsugae in Connecticut and New Jersey. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    3. Conway, H., Culin, J.D. and Hedden, R. 2004. Introduced biological control agents for hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA). Clemson University Entomology Insect Information Series.
      Summary: This fact sheet provides information about the biological control agents used for A. tsugae in the USA.

    4. Cowles, R.S. Soil application of imidacloprid to control hemlock woolly adelgid: best management practices. USDA Forest Service, Hemlock Woolly Adelgid website: Chemical control.

    5. Cowles, R.S., Cheah, C. S-J. and Montgomery, M.E. 2005. Comparing systemic imidacloprid application methods for controlling hemlock woolly adelgid. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    6. Evans, R.A. 2002. Hemlock ecosystems and Hemlock Woolly Adlegid at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.

    7. Felton, K. and Onken, B. 2006. Life stages of the hemlock woolly adelgid in the northern range. Prepared by USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Morgantown, West Virginia.

    8. Havill, N.P. 2005. Using mitochondrial DNA to determine the native range of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    9. Jefts, S. and Orwig, D. 2005. The effects of HWA outbreaks on ecosystem level changes in Southern New England. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    10. Johnson, K., Taylor, G. and Remaley, T. 2005. Managing hemlock woolly adelgid and balsam woolly adelgid at Great Smoky Mountains National Park. In:Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    11. Mark S. McClure. 1998. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Annand), The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
      Summary: Detailed report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.

    12. Mark S. McClure. Managing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, City Trees - The Journal of The Society of Municipal Arborists, Vol 33, Number 6 November/December 1997.
      Summary: Detailed report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.

    13. McClure, M., Salom, S., Shields, K. 2001. Hemlock woolly adelgid. FHTET-2001-03.
      Summary: Includes information on native range of hemlock, and range of hemlock woolly adelgid, the importance of hemlocks in eastern forest ecosystems, and on hosts, life cycle, control and population trends of the hemlock woolly adelgid.

    14. McClure, M.S. 1997."Managing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. City Trees - The Journal of The Society of Municipal Arborists. 33 (6) November/December 1997.
      Summary: Detailed report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.

    15. McClure, M.S. Undated. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Annand). The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
      Summary: Detailed report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.
      Summary: This document outlines the quarantine measures undertaken to prevent the spread of A. tsugae into Michigan.
      Available from: http://na.fs.fed.us/fhp/hwa/pdfs/miquar.pdf [Accessed 5 October 2006]

    17. Morisawa, T. 22 March 2000. "Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: Adelges tsugae Annand", University of California, Davis, The Nature Conservancy.
      Summary: Detailed report on description and management of the pest.

    18. Morisawa, T., 2003, Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: Adelges tsugae Annand, University of California, Davis, The Nature Conservancy.
      Summary: Detailed report on description and management of the pest.

    19. New Hampshire Division of Forests and Lands. 2001. Hemlock Wooly Adelgid. Concord, New Hampshire: Department of Resources and Economic Development.
      Summary: Brief report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.

    20. New Hampshire Division of Forests and Lands. 2001. Hemlock Wooly Adelgid. Concord, New Hampshire: Department of Resources and Economic Development.
      Summary: Brief report on description, distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, and control.

    21. Onken, B.P. 2002. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid - a race in time. USDA Forest Service.

    22. Orwig, D.A. and Kittredge, D. 2005. Silvicultural options for managing hemlock forests threatened by hemlock woolly adelgid. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    23. Pais, R.C. and Polster, K.M. Undated. Strategies for Managing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) in Forests. EcoScientific Solutions LLC, 930 Meadow Avenue, Suite 2B, Scranton, PA 18505.
      Summary: A detailed report on methods and management strategies.

    24. Plant Pest Surveillance Unit. 2005. Canadian Food Inspection Agency website. Adelges tsugae (Annand) - hemlock woolly adelgid.

    25. Rabaglia, R.J. 2005. The Maryland hemlock woolly adelgid management plan. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005

    26. Salom, S. M., 1999. Virginia Tech Department of Entomology. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: A Major Threat to Eastern Hemlock, Virginia Forest Landowner Update. Spring 1999 -- Volume 13, No. 2 .
      Summary: Report on description, hosts and distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, life history and behavior, and control.

    27. Salom, S.M. 1999. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: A Major Threat to Eastern Hemlock. Virginia Forest Landowner Update. Spring 1999. 13 (2). Virginia Tech Department of Entomology.
      Summary: Report on description, hosts and distribution, symptoms of attack, effect on the host, life history and behavior, and control.

    28. Snyder, C.D., Young, J.A., Ross, R.M. and Smith, D.R. 2005. Long-term effects of hemlock forest decline on headwater stream communities. In: Onken, B. and Reardon, R. (Compilers). 2005. Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Asheville, North Carolina. February 1-3, 2005.

    29. Strategies for Managing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) in Forests Richard C. Pais and Kathleen M. Polster EcoScientific Solutions LLC 930 Meadow Avenue, Suite 2B, Scranton, PA 18505
      Summary: A detailed report on methods and management strategies.
      Summary: USDA Forest Service website. Provides up to date information on distribution of HWA, management, image gallery, contacts etc.
      Available from: http://na.fs.fed.us/fhp/hwa/ [Accessed 5 September 2006]
      Summary: The Invasive.org website provides detailed information about the biological control of A. tsugae.
      Available from: http://www.invasive.org/hwa/index.cfm [Accessed 5 October 2006]

    32. USDA Forest Service. 2004. Number of beetles released and release sites by state.

    33. USDA Forest Service. 2006. List of state and counties with known Hemlock Woolly Adelgid infestations. Prepared by USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Morgantown, West Virginia.
      Summary: USDA Forest Service website. Provides up to date information on distribution of HWA, management, image gallery, contacts etc.
      Available from: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/hwa/ [Accessed 6 October 2006]
      Summary: This webpage provides extensive links to Federal and State government, University and Internal resources of information on the Hemlock wooly adelgid.
      Available from: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/animals/hwa.shtml [Accessed September 2006]

    36. USDA. 3 June 2002, " Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Management ", USDA Forest Service - Northeastern Area.
      Summary: Brief report on key issues and budget history of management strategies.

    37. Ward, J.S., Montgomery, M.E., Cheah, C.A.S-J., Onken, B.P. and Cowles, R.S. 2004. Eastern hemlock forests: Guidelines to minimize the impacts of hemlock woolly adelgid. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, Morgantown, West Virginia.

    38. Webb, R.E., Frank, J.R. and Raupp, M.J. 2003. Eastern hemlock recovery from Hemlock Woolly Adelgid damage following imidacloprid therapy. Journal of Arboriculture. 29 (5): 298-302.

    General references

    39. Salom, S.M., M.S. McClure, M.E. Montgomery, G. Zilahi-Balogh, L.T. Kok 2001. Hemlock woolly adelgid in the United States: status of on-going biological control efforts.
      Summary: Pages 87-97. In: IUFRO World Series Vol. 11. Protection of world forests from insect pests: advances in research. Proceedings of the XXI IUFRO World Congress 7-12 August 2000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Available from: The IUFRO Secretariat Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8 , A1130 Vienna, Austria: email: iufro@forvie.ac.at: website: http://iufro.boku.ac.at Detailed up to date report on biological control research and field applications.

    40. Salom, S.M., McClure, M.S., Montgomery, M.E., Zilahi-Balogh, G., and Kok, L.T. 2001. Hemlock woolly adelgid in the United States: status of on-going biological control efforts. pp. 87-97. In: IUFRO World Series Vol. 11. Protection of world forests from insect pests: advances in research. Proceedings of the XXI IUFRO World Congress 7-12 August 2000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
      Summary: Detailed up to date report on biological control research and field applications.
      Available from: The IUFRO Secretariat Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8 , A1130 Vienna, Austria: email: iufro@forvie.ac.at: website: http://iufro.boku.ac.at
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland