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   Vespula pensylvanica (昆蟲) English 
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


    14 參考文獻 found for Vespula pensylvanica:
    管理資訊

    1. Chang, V. 1988. Toxic baiting of the western yellowjacket (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology 81: 228–35.

    2. Gambino, P. and Loope, L. L. 1992. Yellowjacket Vespula pensylvanica biology and abatement in the National Parks of Hawaii. Cooperative National Park Research Study Unit Technical Report 86: 1–41.

    4. Hollingsworth, R.G., Chastagner, G.A., Reimer, N.J., Oishi, D.E., Landolt, P.J. & Paull, R.E. (2009). Use of Shaking Treatments and Preharvest Sprays of Pyrethroid Insecticides to Reduce Risk of Yellowjackets and Other Insects on Christmas Trees Imported Into Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology 102(1): 69-78.
      摘要: Available from: from: http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/biocons/invertebrates/id_surveillance.asp [Accessed 11 April 2007]
      摘要: Available from: http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/biocons/invertebrates/Wasps/wasp_control.asp [Accessed 10 April 2007]
      摘要: Discusses over a dozen of the worst arthropod pests in the South Pacific, with particular emphasis on ants and their control and management.

    主要參考文獻

    8. Annual and multi-year nests of the western yellowjacket, Vespula pensylvanica, in California P.K.Visscher and R.S.Vetter

    10. Gambino, P. 1991. Reproductive plasticity of Vespula pensylvanica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) on Maui and Hawaii Islands, USA. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 18: 139–49.
      摘要: Available from: http://www.gbif.net/species/15229840/ [Accessed 15 June 2010]
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: http://www.cbif.gc.ca/pls/itisca/taxastep?king=every&p_action=containing&taxa=Vespula+pensylvanica&p_format=&p_ifx=plglt&p_lang= [Accessed March 2005]
      摘要: Available from: http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/biocons/invertebrates/Wasps/impacts_intro.asp [Accessed 10 April 2007]

    14. Williams, F. X. 1927. Notes on the habits of bees and wasps of the Hawaiian Islands. Proceedings of the Hawai'ian Entomological Society 6: 425–64.
          結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland