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   Celastrus orbiculatus (藤本植物,攀援植物) English   
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    27 参考文献 找到 Celastrus orbiculatus:
    管理信息

    1. Asheville Citizen-Times, Nov. 27, 2004. Much bitter, no sweet in ruling on invasive plant.
      摘要: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
      Available from: http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/ceor1.htm [Accessed 29 September 2004]
      摘要: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
      Available from: http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu/esadocs/documnts/celaorb.html [Accessed 29 September 2004]

    6. Environment Waikato. 2002. Climbing Spindleberry (Celastrus orbiculatus).

    8. Greenberg, C. H., L. M. Smith, and D. J. Levey. 2001. Fruit fate, seed germination and growth of an invasive vine - an experimental test of 'sit and wait' strategy. Biological Invasion 3: 363-372.
      摘要: A study into the spread of this invasive species. It describes in detail the invasive pathway of this species and its impacts on the environment. The authors also include management suggestions.
      [Accessed 29 September 2004]

    9. Greenberg, Cathryn H; Smith, Lindsay M and Levey, Douglas J, 2001. Fruit fate, seed germination and growth of an invasive vine: An experimental test of 'sit and wait' strategy. Biological Invasions. 3(4). 363-372.
      摘要: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
      Available from: http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/chf/outreach/VMG/rlbitter.html [Accessed 29 September 2004]
      摘要: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information (i.e. are Data Deficient); and on taxa that are either close to meeting the threatened thresholds or that would be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific conservation programme (i.e. are Near Threatened).
      Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/ [Accessed 25 May 2011]

    12. Marlborough District Council (MDC), 2001. Regional Pest Management Strategy for Marlborough.

    13. McNab, W. H., D. L. Loftis. 2002. Probability of occurrence and habitat features for oriental bittersweet in an oak forest in the southern Appalachian mountains, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 155:45-54
      摘要: A study that investigates methods of rapidly surveying land for species. The authors also make note of certain control methods that are available to combat the species, and also certain methods that do now work.
      [Accessed 29 September 2004]
      摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
      Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]

    15. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2005. Unwanted Organisms. Factsheet Celastrus orbiculatus
      摘要: Available from: http://www.rnzih.org.nz/pages/nppa_030.pdf [Accessed 1 October 2005]

    17. Silveri, A., P. W. Dunwiddie, and H. J. Michaels. 2001. Logging and edaphic factors in the invasion of an Asian woody vine in a mesic North American forest. Biological Invasions 3: 379-389.
      摘要: This paper documents the impacts logging has had in conjunction with this invasive species. It identifies and points out some of the reasons this species has been allowed to become invasive.
      [Accessed 29 September 2004]

    18. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy

    19. Ward, B. and Henzell, R. 1999. Gel pruning for the control of invasive vines. ConScience, Department of Conservation, New Zealand.
      摘要: Gel pruning is being investigated as an environmentally friendly and effective chemical application system for selectively killing invasive vines.

    主要参考文献

    20. Fike, Jean and Niering, William A. 1999. Four decades of old field vegetation development and the role of Celastrus orbiculatus in the northeastern United States. Journal of Vegetation Science. 10(4). 483-492
      摘要: Available from: http://www.gbif.net/species/13789666/ [Accessed 15 June 2010]

    22. Hinds, H. R, 1991. Vascular plants new to the flora of New Brunswick Naturaliste Canadien (Quebec). 118(1). 5
      摘要: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
      Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=506068 [Accessed December 31 2004]

    24. Merriam, Robert W. 2003. The abundance, distribution and edge associations of six non-indigenous, harmful plants across North Carolina. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 130(4). 283-291.

    25. Pooler, Margaret R; Dix, Ruth L and Feely, Joan, 2002. Interspecific hybridizations between the native bittersweet, Celastrus scandens, and the introduced invasive species, C. orbiculatus. Southeastern Naturalist. 1(1). 69-76

    26. Steward, Angela M; Clemants, Steven E. and Moore, Gerry, 2003.The concurrent decline of the native Celastrus scandens and spread of the non-native Celastrus orbiculatus in the New York City metropolitan area. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 130(2). 143-146.
      摘要: Information on taxonomy and distribution.
      Available from: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl?Celastrus+orbiculatus [Accessed 29 September 2004]
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland