Global Invasive Species Database 100 of the worst Donations home
Standard Search Standard Search Taxonomic Search   Index Search

   Lymantria dispar (昆虫)  English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    预防措施:土地可能经由许多不同的方法,从AGM的危害中得到保护,。一个办法是可以改变森林,以防止疫情爆发。高风险的森林可以爆发发生之前采伐,以防止一些经济损失。把林木砍筏稀释,可以增加保留树木的活力,减少爆发重大疫情的风险。稀释也减少初期 AGM 宿主的比例,能减少落叶的频率与强度。在已经出现落叶之后,在6至12个月的树木完全死亡之前,可以进行挽救性伐木,防止经济损失和促进再生。在新西兰的立法和检疫程序,可能要求来自AGM疫区的船只在港外八公里处接受 AGM 卵团检查。如果发现,该船必须回到20海哩外进行清洗,然后『高危』检查将继续再次在离岸8公里处执行M. Dijkhuis pers. comm April 2005)

    物理方法:交配干扰是常用的消除和建立阻隔带的方法。其它管制措施包括大规模陷捕(移除)和业主手动清除卵团。

    化学方法:空中喷洒是最常见的方法,可以消除新的独立种群,也可以用来压制疫情与建立的族群。 空中喷洒使用综合性的杀虫剂例如 diflubenzuron(Dimilin), carbaryl(Sevin), 与 mimic (tebufenozide)。

    生物方法:被使用对抗 AGM 的最普遍的根除方法是自然发生的苏云金杆菌(Bt)。苏云金杆菌生产卡特彼勒特定毒素。当在树叶上喷洒, Bt 将打乱毛虫消化树叶的消化系统,抑制他们的食欲。通常在 7-10 天内,毛虫运动减慢,然后且死亡。(蚜虫, 2003) 请参阅关于 Bt 更多的信息。 English   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Canada
    The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) monitors exotic pests such as the gypsy moth in Canada, defines the zone where these organisms are established, and regulates the movement of potentially infested materials to un-infested regions both within and outside the country. To identify and demarcate areas requiring regulation, the CFIA deploys an extensive network of pheromone traps in unregulated areas.
    Hamilton City
    Measures taken in response to the Hamilton incursion included trapping, ground searches, restrictions on movement of host material from the controlled area and aerial spraying of the Btk-based insecticide Foray 48B. For an extensive description of quarantine measures please see Gypsy Moth Programme.

    The Asian gypsy moth was declared eradicated by MAF (Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry, New Zealand) in April 2005. Intensive monitoring in Hamilton and outlying areas has not detected any further evidence of gypsy moth since the capture of a single male moth on 26 March 2003. Biosecurity New Zealand declared that there has been no gypsy moth activity and no other life stage of gypsy moth has been found since aerial treatment was carried out in October/November 2003, which equates to two generations. International recommendation for gypsy moth is that if there is no further activity detected for two generations after treatment, then eradication can be declared successful. For more details please see Gypsy moth Lymantria dispar.

    Salt Lake City
    Gypsy moth is a potentially serious pest, but the actual risk posed by an introduction may or may not warrant an aggressive response. Logan et al. (2007) evaluated risk for establishment of a detected introduction by combining a hazard analysis developed by Regniere and Nealis (2002) with additional data (vegetation data, historical climate data) that are specific to Utah to create a risk assessment model. They created a model that allows high risk sites to be detected, based on suitable vegetation and climate. This means that high risk sites can be detected, allowing agency officials to focus control activities and resources where risk of establishment is the greatest (Logal et al. 2007).
    Seattle
    The Washington State Department of Agriculture uses a pesticide spray known as Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (B.t.k.) for gypsy moth control. The commercial B.t.k. spray used by the Department of Agriculture is called Foray®. More information about the gypsy moth in Washington and eradication efforts can be found by visiting the Washington State Department of Agriculture Gypsy Moth website.
    Washington
    The Washington State Department of Agriculture uses a pesticide spray known as Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (B.t.k.) for gypsy moth control. The commercial B.t.k. spray used by the Department of Agriculture is called Foray®. More information about the gypsy moth in Washington and eradication efforts can be found by visiting the Washington State Department of Agriculture Gypsy Moth website.


         管理资源 /链接

    3. Barbehenn, R.V., Jaros, A., Lee, G., Mozola, C., Weir, Q. & Salminen, J. 2009. Tree resistance to Lymantria dispar caterpillars: importance and limitations of foliar tannin composition. Oecologia.
    5. de Beurs, K.M. & Townsend, P.A. 2008. Estimating the effect of gypsy moth defoliation using MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 3983-3990.
    6. El-Sayed, A.M., Suckling, D.M., Wearing, C.H. & Byers, J.A. 2006. Potential of mass trapping for long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species. Journal of Economic Entomology 99(5): 1550-1564.
    7. Genevieve Martin, 2000, "THE GYPSY MOTH An Invasive Species In North America" Canadian Biodiversity Project, McGill University.
            摘要: A brief report on introduction, native distribution, species description, life cycle, effects of introduction, Canadian distribution, and control measures.
    8. Public Health – Seattle & King County. 2009. Gypsy moths and the use of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (B.t.k.) pesticide
    9. Regniere, J., Nealis, V. & Porter, K. 2009. Climate suitability and management of the gypsy moth invasion into Canada. Biological Invasions 11: 135-148.
    12. Walker, K. 2006. Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar race asian) Pest and Diseases Image Library. Updated on 24/09/2006 8:08:47 AM.
            摘要: PaDIL (Pests and Diseases Image Library) is a Commonwealth Government initiative, developed and built by Museum Victoria's Online Publishing Team, with support provided by DAFF (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry) and PHA (Plant Health Australia), a non-profit public company. Project partners also include Museum Victoria, the Western Australian Department of Agriculture and the Queensland University of Technology. The aim of the project is: 1) Production of high quality images showing primarily exotic targeted organisms of plant health concern to Australia. 2) Assist with plant health diagnostics in all areas, from initial to high level. 3) Capacity building for diagnostics in plant health, including linkage developments between training and research organisations. 4) Create and use educational tools for training undergraduates/postgraduates. 5) Engender public awareness about plant health concerns in Australia. PaDIL is available from : http://www.padil.gov.au/aboutOverview.aspx, this page is available from: http://www.padil.gov.au/viewPestDiagnosticImages.aspx?id=342 [Accessed 6 October 2006]

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland