Global Invasive Species Database 100 of the worst Donations home
Standard Search Standard Search Taxonomic Search   Index Search

   Rhamnus alaternus (乔木)  English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    物理方法:控制银边意大利鼠李(Rhamnus alaternus)可用人工拔除小植株和幼苗,必须确保根部被拔除。可以把拔除的植株用来堆肥或加以覆盖。

    化学方法:更大的植物可以砍伐后再用除草剂处理残端,或用除草剂施用在基部树干周围离地面大约 60公分的地方。可用的除草剂包括Escort,Grazon,与Grazon Knapsacking(奥克兰地区委员会 1999)。奥克兰区域市政局(2005)在敏感地区内或附近,使用基部树干处理。包括砍伐后再用除草剂处理残端以及环剥主干树皮后施用除草剂。当伤害其它植物的风险很小时,严重的侵袭可在叶面喷施除草剂。 English   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Motutapu Is. (North Island)
    The control strategy aims to control and maintain R. alaternus at zero density everywhere except for the main infestation at Islington Bay and Gardiner Gap. Wotherspoon and Wotherspoon (2002) observe that control measures have been successful, and that the initial control of the main infestation has begun very recently by spraying R. alaternus and other weed species on the Motutapu cliffs from a helicopter
    Northland Region (North Island)
    R. alaternus is considered to be a "surveillance pest plant" by the Northland Regional Council which shall assume responsibility for implementing appropriate management programmes with the aim of eradicating these pest plants if found in Northland. Surveillance pest plants have been identified as being of potential high risk to the Northland Region. The Regional Council will also seek to prevent their establishment or spread by prohibiting their sale, propagation and distribution. This will be achieved by Authorised Persons regularly monitoring plant retail and wholesale outlets for these pest plants. The Northland Regional Council will also disseminate technical information on control methods and the ecology of these plants, and fund research into biological control options. Research into their distribution and environmental impacts may also be carried out during the life of the Strategy. There is, however, no legal requirement for landowners/occupiers to control established infestations.
    It is also considered to be a "service delivery plant" by the Northland Regional Council. Plants will be treated by a recognised method, at intervals that will ensure the infestations are controlled, reduced and eventually eradicated. Further to this requirement, service delivery pest plants are banned from sale, propagation and distribution.
    Please see the Pest managementfor defintions of pest designation.
    Rangitoto Is. (North Island)
    The control strategy aims to control and maintain R. alaternus at zero density everywhere except for the main infestation at Islington Bay and Gardiner Gap. Wotherspoon and Wotherspoon (2002) observe that control measures have been successful, and that the initial control of the main infestation has begun very recently by spraying R. alaternus and other weed species on the Motutapu cliffs from a helicopter
    Waiheke Is. (North Island)
    The Auckland Regional Council contracted New Zealand Industrial Abseilers to carry out this season's Waiheke rhamnus control programme beginning late July 2004. The programme began on Waiheke in 1999 and to date has covered approximately 12.5 kilometres of coastline, mainly on cliff faces and steep coastal areas. 12,000 trees have been treated, 6000 seedlings have been removed and 1.5ha of dense infestations have been sprayed. This year the contractors will follow up on areas previously controlled, remove new seedlings and control re-growth. Abseilers will also comb the cliffs between Owhanake Bay and Oneroa Beach for the pest plant (Auckland Regional Council, 2005).
    Waikato Region (North Island)
    R. alaternus is classified as an “Eradication Plant Pest” by Environment Waikato. Environment Waikato will directly manage and control it, as well as monitor the weed and providing identification and control information to the community.
    Please see definitions for hierarchy of pest designations.


         管理资源 /链接

    1. Atkinson, I. A. E., 1997. Problem weeds on New Zealand islands I. Science for Conservation: 45. Wellington, NZ Department of Conservation
    2. Environment Waikato. 2002. Evergreen Buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus).
    3. Gomez, C., P. Pons, and J. M. Bas. 2003. Effects of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile on seed dispersal and seedling emergence of Rhamnus alaternus. Ecography 26: 532-538.
    4. Gulias, J, A. Traveset, N. Riera, and M. Mus. 2004. Critical Stages in the Recruitment Process of Rhamnus alaternus L. Annals of Botany 93: 723-731, 2004
    5. Miller, C. J., J. L. Craig, and N. D. Mitchell. 1994. A conservation vision for Rangitoto and Motutapu Islands. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 24(1):65-90
    6. National Pest Plant Accord, 2001. Biosecurity New Zealand.
            摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
    Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]
    7. Northland Regional Council. UNDATED. Pest Management Strategy for Surveillance Plants.

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland