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   Herpestes auropunctatus (哺乳动物)  English  français   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    物理方法:陷捕普遍被用来从敏感的区域移除印度小猫鼬(Herpestes javanicus) 。它经常可以非常成功地在短期移除动物。不幸地,必须不断地执行陷捕计划,因为猫鼬可以很快地重新建立族群。(Roy et al.2003; Hay 与 Conant, 2007) 围篱已经被提议作为一个在模里西斯的可能控制方法,但是围篱是昂贵、缺乏弹性的应该用在保护区。(Roy et al.2002)

    化学方法:Diphacinone 抗凝固剂毒药在夏威夷已经被用来控制猫鼬。(Hay et al.2007) 这一个毒素的使用已经在模里西斯被考虑,但是中毒方法将会必须被适应避免非目标物种的中毒.(Roy et al.2002)

    综合管理:有在模里西斯挂虑,在不也除去猫与老鼠下除去猫鼬将对本土物种损失惨重,因为它可能对老鼠增加与猫族群带领。(Roy et al.2002) English  français   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Amami Is. (Amami Oshima Islands)
    The local government began to trap the mongoose in order to reduce crop damage in farmlands around the city from 1993 and the Yamato Village Office also began trapping from 1995. As many as 1100-1500 mongooses were captured by 15-20 trappers using 10-30 traps per person for seven to nine months (May-March) in a year. Approximately 60-80% of those mongooses were captured by four to five skilful trappers.
    The Environment Agency of the Central Government carried out preliminary investigations during 1996-1999 into the possibility of eradicating mongooses from the whole island. Following on from the pilot investigations, the Environment Agency decided to begin a full-scale project to eradicate the mongoose from the whole island from 2000 by two methods: (1) great reduction of population using many traps during a short period (3 years) over the whole island (the annual target reduction was 4000-5000, including the number by pest control around farmland by the local governments during May to March, and by trapping in mountainous areas by the Environment Agency during October to March), and (2) long-term eradication until the species becomes extinct.
    A total of 3886 mongooses were captured by trapping, but the number was lower (87%) than the target number (4500) in the first year (fiscal 2000). The catch comprised 1073 animals by pest control and 2813 by the eradication project of the Environment Agency.
    Fajou Is. (Reserve Naturelle du Grand Cul-de-sac Marin)
    In March 2001, an attempt was made to eradicate the small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus), the ship rat (Rattus rattus) and the house mouse (Mus musculus) from Fajou island in Guadeloupe. A follow up in December 2001 and January 2002 showed that the ship rat eradication had failed. There was a second attempt at eradicating the ship rats in March 2002, but it seems that it also failed. However it confirmed the success of the mongoose operation using traps alone. The success of the March 2001 house mouse operation using trapping and poisoning (Bromadiolone concentration 50 ppm, hand broadcast ) could not be properly evaluated (Lorvelec, O., et al. 2004).
    Hawaii
    Live traps are also used to capture mongooses and avoid loss of non-target species in Haleakala National Park, Hawaii.
    Mauritius
    Small Indian mongooses are currently controlled using simple box traps, which has achieved some success despite being labour intensive. In the National Park in south-west Mauritius, trapping is carried out in four main areas where the pink pigeon (Columba mayeri) is present. Brise Fer has had 24 traps since 1988, Pigeon Wood has had 23 traps since 1991, Bel Ombre had had 22 traps since 1994, and Combo has had an unknown number of traps since 1999. Non-target species are sometimes caught, especially the tenrec (Tenrec eucaudatus). Future recommendations for mongoose management include a minimum trap density of one trap every 0.25 km², and placing more than one trap at each site to reduce the effects of catching non-target species. Control is best focussed on mongooses in degraded forest, as this appears to be where they reach their highest densities. Control of mongooses should be integrated with control of other invasive vertebrates such as rats and cats, as controlling mongooses alone may release rats from predation pressure and cats from competition for prey. Other potential techniques could be the use of poison, as has been successfully done in Hawaii, and habitat management, by removing denser ground vegetation and removing potential den sites. Any poisoning campaign would need to exploit behaviours unique to mongooses in order to reduce non-target impacts.
    St. John Is.
    Coblentz and Coblentz (1985) trapped mongooses using 15 x 15 x 45 cm live traps and fresh bait. They concluded that, where eradication of mongooses is not possible, protection of vulnerable insular species can be achieved with intensive localised trapping
    Tortola Is.
    Herpestes auropunctatus is commonly known as the small Indian mongoose; Indian mongoose; Javan mongoose.


         管理资源 /链接

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    8. Coblentz, B. E. and Coblentz, B. A 1985. Control of the Indian mongoose Herpestes auropunctatus on St John, US Virgin Islands. Biological Conservation 33: 281– 288.
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            摘要: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information (i.e. are Data Deficient); and on taxa that are either close to meeting the threatened thresholds or that would be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific conservation programme (i.e. are Near Threatened).
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            摘要: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
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            摘要: French language. Information about impacts, eradication methodology, results and discussion in French.
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         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland