Global Invasive Species Database 100 of the worst Donations home
Standard Search Standard Search Taxonomic Search   Index Search

   Asparagus densiflorus (草本植物)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    預防措施:太平洋的非洲天門冬(Asparagus densiflorus)風險評估,由太平洋島嶼生態系統風險計畫執行(PIER),使用澳大利亞風險評估標準(Pheloung, 1995)。其結果是15分,建議如下:應禁止進口此植物(澳大利亞)或此此物種可能具有高風險(太平洋)。
    澳大利亞的非洲天門冬(Asparagus densiflorus)風險評估,由太平洋島嶼生態系統風險計畫執行(PIER),使用澳大利亞風險評估標準(Pheloung, 1995)。其結果是3分,建議如下:此植物需要進一步評估。

    化學方法:區域雜草諮詢委員會(2004)報告說:Asparagus屬物種常常使用「頂冠」技術控制,從地面切斷植物的根系,吊掛離地面。根莖塗上草甘膦。把靠近地面的走莖聚集起來,移除他們的主根系。並需控制再生,因為它很有活力(開花和結果),可在葉面噴灑草甘膦(1份草甘膦加75份水)或甲磺隆(1~2G在10升的水)。

    生物方法:區域雜草諮詢委員會(2004)報告說:在澳大利亞,非洲天門冬(Asparagus densiflorus)會被一種小蜂(Chalcidae科)和蛾的幼蟲攻擊。有一種銹菌會嚴重破壞果實。一種薊馬和黃蜂尺蠖幼蟲會使葉片嚴重受損。兩種小蜂會攻擊莖。這些物種都可能當作生物控制使用,但需要進一步研究。

    金花蟲科的昆蟲Crioceris,是一種潛在的生物控制劑可用來控制Asparagus。並有可能也對非洲天門冬(Asparagus densiflorus)有效(威特和愛德華茲, 2001)。

    文化教育:區域雜草諮詢委員會認為,公眾缺乏對許多沿海雜草的認識,其中包括非洲天門冬。許多入侵性的沿海物種仍被人們無知地大量種植在後院當作觀賞植物。作者認為,教育課程應集中在提高認識此物種所造成的威脅,鑑別知識和控制技術以及地方上成功的經驗。教育方案將需要把重點放在區域層級和地方層級,地方性的問題應被重視。 English  français   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Bay of Plenty Regional Council. UNDATED. Asparagus densiflorus. Weed Control information for the Bay of Plenty.
    3. CRC for Australian Weed Management 2004. Introductory weed management manual. Australian Government. Department of Environment and Heritage.
            摘要: This manual has been prepared as a training aid for the use of private landholders, conservation groups, catchment management groups, local, state and territory governments and industry. It is an introductory guide for those with little experience with weed management, particularly environmental weeds. It will be of use to those who wish to develop their weed management knowledge and skills, and as an extension resource for those who need to develop the weed management capacity of others. The manual is presented in four modules:
  • Module 1: Developing and implementing a weed management plan
  • Module 2: Weed control methods for community groups
  • Module 3: Collecting and preparing plant specimens for identification
  • Module 4: Presentation of information sessions to small groups

  • Available from: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/109603/20091103-1603/www.lgsa.org.au/resources/documents/manual.pdf [Accessed 9 December 2009]
    6. Gilman, E. F. 1999. Asparagus densiflorus 'Myers1. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet FPS-52.
    7. He, C., T. Hsiang, and D. J. Wolyn. 2001. Activation of defense responses to Fusarium infection in Asparagus densiflorus. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2001; 107(5): 473-483.
    8. IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
            摘要: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
    11. Witt, A. B. R., and P. B. Edwards. 2001. Aspects of the Biology, Distribution, and Host Range of Crioceris sp. (Col.: Chrysomelidae: Criocerinae), a Potential Biological Control Agent for Asparagus asparagoides in Australia. Biological Control 23, 56-63 (2002).

         結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland