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   Pueraria montana var. lobata (藤本植物,攀援植物)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    在種下松樹和牧草後,重複的除草劑治療和過度放牧,一直是最常用且成功的控制方法。

    預防措施針對澳洲葛藤(Pueraria montana var. lobata)的瀕危風險評估,使用澳洲風險評估系統,執行者是太平洋島嶼瀕危生態系統[PIER].(Pheloung, 1995), 結果是 9 分,建議如下:拒絕此植物進口(澳洲)或此植物可能是有害植物(太平洋)。

    物理方法:移除之前應先推土。

    生物方法:正與中國合作初步發展傳統的生物控制方法,中國是掠食昆蟲的原生地。正在研究發展,使用本地昆蟲和病原體進行生物控制。 English  français   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Anazonwu, D. L. and Johnson, S. J. 1986. Effects of host and density on larval color, size, and development of the velvetbean caterpillar, Anticarsia gemmatalis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology 15(4): 779-783.
            摘要: Kudzu biocontrol
    2. Bailey, R. Y. 1944. Kuduz for erosion control in the southeast. Farmers' Bulletin. 30 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management
    4. Berisford, Y.C., Bush, P., Taylor, J.W. Jr. 2006. Leaching and persistence of herbicides for kudzu (Pueraria montana) control on pine regeneration sites. Weed Science, 54:391–400. 2006.
    6. Blaustein, R. J. 2001. Kudzu’s invasion into southern United States life and culture. In McNeely, J. A. (ed) pp. 55-62. The great reshuffling: human dimensions of invasive alien species, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 242 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu human dimensions
    7. Bonsi, C., Rhoden, E., Woldeghebriel, A., Mount, P., [and others]. 1992. Kudzu-goat interactions--a pilot study. In Solaiman, S. G., Hill, W. A. (eds) Using goats to manage forest vegetation, a regional inquiry. Tuskegee, AL: Tuskegee University Agricultual Experiment Station: 84-88.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management
    8. Boyette, C., Walker, H., Abbas, H. 2002. Biological Control of Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) with an Isolate of Myrothecium verrucaria. Biocontrol Science and Technology (2002) 12, 75- 82.
    9. Brender, E. V. and Moyer, E. L. 1965. Further progress in control of kudzu. Down to Earth 20: 16-17.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    10. Britton, K., Orr, D., Sun, J. 2002. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States: KUDZU, Pest status of weed. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States pg 325-330.
    11. Buddenhagen CE, Chimera C, Clifford P., 2009. Assessing Biofuel Crop Invasiveness: A Case Study. PLoS ONE 4(4): e5261. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005261
    13. Dalal, S. S. and Patnaik, N. 1963. Kudzu cultivation for soil conservation. Indian Forester 89: 468-473.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    14. Davis, D. E. and Funderburk, H. H. 1964. Eradication of kudzu. Weeds 12: 63-65.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    16. Dickens, R. and Buchanan, G. A. 1971. Influence of time of herbicide application on control of kudzu. Weed Science 19(6): 669-671.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    17. Ding, Jianqing; Reardon, Richard; Wu, Yun; Zheng, Hao; Fu, Weidong., 2006. Biological control of invasive plants through collaboration between China and the United States of America: a perspective. Biological Invasions. 8(7). OCT 2006. 1439-1450.
    18. Edwards, M. B. and Gonzalez, F. E. 1986. Forestry herbicide control of kudzu and Japanese honeysuckle in loblolly pine sites in central Georgia. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 39: 272-275.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    22. Everest, J. W., Miller, J. H., Ball, D. M. and Patterson, M. G. 2000. Kudzu in Alabama. Circular ANR-65. Alabama Cooperative Extension Service. 8 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    23. Frye, Matthew J; Hough-Goldstein, Judith; Sun, Jiang-Hua., 2007. Biology and preliminary host range assessment of two potential kudzu biological control agents. Environmental Entomology. 36(6). DEC 2007. 1430-1440.
    24. Harrington, T. B. and Rader, L. T. 2000. Vegetation dynamics following control of kudzu with herbicides and fire. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 53: 138.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    25. Harrington, T., Rader-Dixon, L.T., Taylor, J.W. Jr. 2003. Kudzu (Pueraria montana) community responses to herbicides, burning, and high-density loblolly pine. Weed Science, 51:965–974. 2003.
    29. Jarnevich, Catherine S; Stohlgren, Thomas J., 2009. Near term climate projections for invasive species distributions. Biological Invasions. 11(6). JUN 2009. 1373-1379.
    30. Kidd, Kathleen. 2002. Interaction of Kudzu Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) and Arthropods in North Carolina, Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University,
    32. Ma, Jin-Shuang. 2008. The identity of kudzu and its invasive in the USA - The lesson learned from deliberately introducing an aggressive plant. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu. 26(2). APR 2008. 158-162.
            摘要: Kudzu, Pueraria montana, a native of eastern, southern and southeastern Asian species of Legumes, is also a serious invasive species in the United States. However, its scientific name is much confused in the history,both in its native area and in the rest of the world. This paper is to provide it with the correct name, along with its synonyms, and a brief introduction of its invasive history in the USA, a lesson of deliberately introducing a notoriously aggressive plant we can all learn from.
    33. Martin, R. and Miller, J. H. 1981. Soil active herbicides for kudzu control: report of a screening study. Highlights of Research 28(4). Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, AL.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    34. Marvin, David C.; Bradley, Bethany A.; Wilcove, David S., 2009. A Novel, Web-based, Ecosystem Mapping Tool Using Expert Opinion. Natural Areas Journal. 29(3). JUL 2009. 281-292.
    35. Matlack, Glenn R., 2002. Exotic plant species in Mississippi, USA: Critical issues in management and research. Natural Areas Journal. 22(3). July, 2002. 241-247.
    36. McKee, R. and Stephens, J. L. 1943. Kudzu as a farm crop. Farmers' Bulletin. 13 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    37. Michael, J. L. 1982. Some new possibilities to control kudzu. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 35: 237-240.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    38. Michael, J. L. 1986. Pine regeneration with simultaneous control of kudzu. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 39: 282-288.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    39. Michael, J. L., Neary, D. G. and Wells, M. J. M. 1989. Picloram movement in soil solution and streamflow from a coastal plain forest. Journal of Environmental Quality 18(1): 89-95.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    40. Mikhailova, E., Newton, C., Nelson, L., Post, C., Hall, K. 2008. Solarization Effects on Key Soil Fertility Indicators Under Kudzu (Pueraria montana) Invasion. Applied Economics and Statistics, Clemson University.
    41. Miles, I. E. and Gross, E. E. 1939. A compilation of information on kudzu. Bulletin 326/Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station. 14 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management
    43. Miller, J. H. 1982. Kudzu control chemicals. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 35: 241-243.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    44. Miller, J. H. 1985. Testing herbicides for kudzu eradication on a Piedmont site. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 9: 128-132.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    45. Miller, J. H. 1986. Kudzu eradication trials testing fifteen herbicides. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 39: 276-281.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    46. Miller, J. H. 1988. Guidelines for kudzu eradication treatments. In: Miller, J. H., Mitchell, R. J. (eds) A manual on Ground Applications of Forestry Herbicides U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Region, Management Bulletin R8-MB 21. Chapter 6.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    47. Miller, J. H. 1988. Kudzu eradication trials with new herbicides. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 41: 220-225.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    48. Miller, J. H. 1991. Control kudzu on your land. Forest Farmer 51(1): 7-11.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    49. Miller, J. H. 1996. Kudzu eradication and management. In Hoots, D., Baldwin, J. (eds) Kudzu the vine to love or hate. Kodak, TN: Suntop Press: 137-149.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    50. Miller, J. H. and True, R. E. 1986. Herbicide tests for kudzu eradication. Macon, GA: Georgia Forestry Commission; Georgia Forest Research Paper 65. 11 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    51. Miller, J. H., Qiu, Z. and Sirois, D. 1985. Ground sprayer designs for forestry applications. Proc. Southern Weed Science Society 38: 271-282.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    52. Miller, J.H., Manning, S.T. and Enloe, S.F. 2010 [in press]. A management guide for invasive plants of southern forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-XXX. Asheville, NC; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
    53. Nelson, L., Guertin, P.J., Denight, M., Gebhart, D. 2008. Invasive Species Biology, Control, and Research. Part 1: Kudzu (Pueraria montana). Engineer Research and Development Center Champaign IL. Construction Engineering Research Lab. Invasive Species Biology, Control, and Research. Part 1: Kudzu (Pueraria montana).
            摘要: A 2007 Report to Congress documented a crucial factor in the loss of Army training land: uncontrolled vegetation growth. Of the 53 installations surveyed for the report, 30 reported that approximately 12 percent of their training lands were unusable for certain types of training. Uncontrolled vegetation was a source of such problems as an inability to conduct mounted and dismounted maneuver training, interference with equipment used in line-of-sight training, safety issues, and damage to equipment and structures. Of the 11 plant species (or groups) identified by installations as uncontrolled vegetation, six were invasive plants, of which the two invasive plants most commonly identified were Kudzu (Pueraria montana) and Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora). This work provides a snapshot of current research and scientific knowledge related to the invasive plant species Kudzu, its impact on the Army, and a concise representation of control technologies for military land managers.
    54. Newton, C., Nelson, L.R., Dewalt, S.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Schlautman, M.A., Cox, S.K., Bridges, W.C., Hall, K.C. 2008. Solarization for the control of Pueraria montana (kudzu). European Weed Research Society Weed Research 48, 394–397.
    55. Newton, Casey Harve. 2007. Controlling Kudzu (Pueraria montana) in Riparian Zones and High Risk Areas. Graduate School of Clemson University.
    56. O' Brien, R. E. and Skelton, D. W. 1946. The production and utilization of kudzu. Bulletin 438/Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station. 25 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    57. O’Brien, R. E. and Skelton, D. W. 1946. The production and utilization of kudzu. Mississippi State College Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 438. 25 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu uses.
    58. Ohshima, Y., Okuyama, T., Takahashi, K., [and others]. 1988. Isolation and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of isoflavonoids from the Pueraria root. Planta Medica 54(3): 250-254.
            摘要: Kudzu uses.
    60. Pappert, Rebecca A., J. L. Hamrick and Lisa A. Donovan., 2000. Genetic variation in Pueraria lobata (Fabaceae), an introduced, clonal, invasive plant of the southeastern United States. American Journal of Botany. 2000;87:1240-1245.)
    61. Patel, C. C., Patel, H. R., Patel, D. J. and Thakar, N. A. 1989. Relative susceptibility of certain medicinal and aromatic plants to root-knot nematodes. Pak. J. Nematol 7(2): 81-82.
            摘要: Kudzu biocontrol.
    62. Piper, C. V. 1920. Kudzu. Department Circular 89. United States Department of Agriculture. 7 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management
    63. Polk, H. D. and Gieger, M. 1945. Kudzu in the ration of growing chicks. Bulletin 414 /Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station. 14 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    64. Putz, F.E. 1991. Silvicultural effects of lianas. Pages 493–501 in F. E. Putz and H. A. Mooney, eds. The Biology of Vines. Cambridge, Great Britain: Cambridge University Press.
            摘要: Control and eradication.
    65. Quicheng, F. 1980. Some current study and research approaches relating to the use of plants in the traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2(2): 57-63.
            摘要: Kudzu uses
    66. Quimby, Jr., P.C., DeLoach, C.J., Wineriter, S.A., Goolsby, J.A., Sobhian, R., Boyette, C.D., & Abbas, H.K. 2003. Biological control of weeds: research by the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service: selected case studies. Pest Manage. Sci. 59: 671–680.
            摘要: Biocontrol.
    67. Rader, L. T. and Harrington, T. B. 1999. An integrated pest management research program for kudzu (Pueraria lobata) at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 52: 118.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication
    68. Sasakawa, M. 1981. Descriptions of three new leaf-mining pests (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 16(2): 149-155.
            摘要: Kudzu biocontrol.
    69. Sasek, Thomas W. and Boyd R. Strain., 1990. Implications of atmospheric CO2 enrichment and climatic change for the geographical distribution of two introduced vines in the U.S.A. Climatic Change Volume 16, Number 1 / February, 1990
            摘要: The vine growth habit increases competitive potential for light capture. More biomass is allocated to height and leaf area because support structures are minimized. This study considered the effects of the continuing increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration on the growth and morphology of vines. Vines were hypothesized to allocate CO sub(2)-induced increases in production to height and leaf area more efficiently than erect growth forms. Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) Ohwi) and Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.) are perennial woody vines, introduced into the United States from Japan. Both have become naturalized in the eastern US and are pernicious weeds in the Southeast capable of suppressing the native flora.
    70. Sasek, Thomas W. and Boyd R. Strain., 1988. Effects of Carbon Dioxide Enrichment on the Growth and Morphology of Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) Weed Science, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Jan., 1988), pp. 28-36
    71. Shurtleff, W. and Aoyagi, A. 1985. The book of kudzu: a culinary and healing guide. Avery Pub. Group, Wayne, NJ. 102 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu uses.
    72. Smith A. E. 1992. Kudzu control in nonforested areas with herbicides. Research Report 591. Georgia Cooperative Extension. 8 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu control and eradication.
    73. Sturkie, D. G. and Grimes, J. C. 1939. Kudzu its value and use in Alabama. Circular 83. Agricultural Experiment Station of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute. 20 pp.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    74. Sun, Jiang-Hua; Liu, Zhu-Dong; Britton, Kerry O. ; Cai, Ping; Orr, David; Hough-Goldstein, Judith., 2006. Survey of phytophagous insects and foliar pathogens in China for a biocontrol perspective on kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida (Fabaceae). Biological Control. 36(1). JAN 2006. 22-31.
    75. Tanner, R. D., Hussain S., Shahid, H., Lindsey, A. [and others]. 1980. Kudzu (Pueraria lobata): Potential Agricultural Industrial Resource. Economic Botany 33(4): 400-412.
            摘要: Kudzu uses.
    76. Thomas, L. K., Jr., 2000. Chemical grubbing for control of exotic kudzu-vine. Bartonia.(60). Jan. 10, 2000. 71-74.
            摘要: A stump treatment was applied to the cut stubs of kudzu-vine (Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr.). Three herbicides, applied full strength, and a cut treatment were selected for trial and each treatment was replicated 10 times: AMS (ammonium sulfamate) 95% soluble crystal (Ammate), isopropylamine salt of glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine) 480 g/L (Roundup), and fosamine ammonium (ammonium ethyl carbamoylphosphonate) 480 g/L (Krenite). AMS has long been used in stump treatments and the other treatments were compared to it. Evaluation was made eight months after treatment. All three herbicides were equally effective. An evaluation about one year after treatment showed no significant differences in rates of disintegration of chemically treated stubs. /p
    77. Thornton, Melissa Rose. 2004. Arthropod Fauna Associated with Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. lobata Willd) in North Carolina. Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University.
    78. Tsugawa, H. 1986. Cultivation and utilization of kudzu-vine (Pueraria lobata Ohwi): adaptability, cultivation method, cutting frequency, yield, grazing and feeding value. Journal of Japanese Society of Grassland Science 32(2): 173-183.
            摘要: Kudzu establishment and management.
    79. Waldner, Leora Susan. 2008. The kudzu connection: Exploring the link between land use and invasive species. Land Use Policy 25 (2008) 399–409.
    80. Weaver, Mark A.; Lyn, Margaret E., 2007. Compatibility of a biological control agent with herbicides for control of invasive plant species. Natural Areas Journal. 27(3). JUL 2007. 264-268.
            摘要: Kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata, is an exotic invasive weed that is difficult to control with available products and management practices. The fungal pathogen, Myrothecium verrucaria, is being developed as a bioherbicide for kudzu and other invasive vines. This biological control agent might be applied with conventional herbicides to improve the efficacy or spectrum of weed control. The survival of M. verrucaria was measured over time in simulated tank-mixes of commercial formulations of the herbicides: amniopyralid (Milestone*), metsulfuron (Escort XP), and fluroxypyr (Vista). The fungus was also grown in vitro in the presence of these herbicides to evaluate any growth inhibition. M. verrucaria was highly tolerant to all concentrations of amniopyralid and metsulfuron for up to two days in simulated tank-mixes, while mixtures with fluroxypyr resulted in a gradual loss of spore viability. The fungus grew on media supplemented with amniopyralid and metsulfuron with only small effects on the growth rate, but fluroxypyr caused growth inhibition. These studies provide insight for developing effective, integrated control strategies for kudzu.
    81. Zidack, N.K. & Backman, P.A. 1996. Biological control of kudzu (Pueraria lobata) with the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseoliocola. Weed Science. 44 (3): 645-649.
            摘要: Biocontrol.
    82. Ziska, Lewis H., 2009. Invasive Weeds and Climate Change: Threats and Consequences, In Proceedings of the Weeds Across Borders 2008 Conference May 27–30, 2008 — Banff, Alberta, Canada The view from the North (Ed.)Stephen J. Darbyshire and Raj Prasad. Alberta Invasive Plants Council

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