Integrated management: Henin and Paiva (2004) state that, "Management of bark beetle populations, such as O. erosus can only be achieved by adopting an integrated approach. Among preventive measures, this approach must combine ''prophylactic'' silviculture practices with an enhancement of their natural enemies, some of which have been shown to exert a significant impact upon bark beetle populations."
Chemical: In field experiments, Klimetzek and Vite (1986) were able to lure O. erosus into traps baited with a combination of the beetle produced compounds 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol and ipsdienol. The authors state that, "When offered along with 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol, an up to 1000-fold increase in concentration of racemic ipsdienol led to a continual increase in catch of O. erosus and Ips sexdentatus, accompanied by a steady increase of .female..female.-%. It is assumed that 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol influences landing behaviour of O. erosus, while ipsdienol acts as a long distance signal".
Mechanical: In South Africa, Wylie (2000) reports that, "Sanitation felling and removal of Rhizina-infected older trees is necessary to prevent build-up of O. erosus.
Biologcial: Tribe and Kfir (2001) have been studying Dendrosoter caenopachoides, which was introduced into South Africa for the biological control of O. erosus.
2. Delabie, J. H. C., Jahyny, B., Cardoso do Nascimento, I., Mariano, C. S. F., Lacau, S., Campiolo, S., Philpott, S. M. & Leponce, M. (2007). Contribution of cocoa plantations to the conservation of native ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with a special emphasis on the Atlantic Forest fauna of southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2359–2384.
4. Henin, J. M., and M. R. Paiva. 2004. Interactions between Orthotomicus erosus (Woll.) (Col., Scolytidae) and the Argentine ant Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hym., Formicidae). Journal-of-Pest-Science. 2004; 77(2): 113-117.
5. Klimetzek, D., and J. P. Vite. 1986. The role of insect produced attractants on the aggregation behavior of the Mediterranean Pine Engraver Beetle Orthotomicus erosus Journal of Applied Entomology. 1986; 101(3): 239-243.
6. Mendel, Z., O. Boneh, and J. Riov. 1992. Some foundations for the application of aggregation pheromone to control pine bark beetles in Israel. Journal of Applied Entomology. 1992; 114(3): 217-227.
7. Tribe, G. D., and R. Kfir. 2001. The establishment of Dendrosoter caenopachoides (Hymneoptera:Braconidae) introduced into South Africa for the biological control of Orthotomicus erosus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), with additional notes on D. sp nr. labdacus Afr. Entomol. 9: 195-198.
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