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   Paederia foetida (藤本植物,攀援植物)  English   
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         管理信息

    预防措施鸡屎藤(Paederia foetida)的风险评估,由Kaulunani 都市森林计划与美国森林服务部赞助,Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany)执行,针对夏威夷与其它太平洋岛屿。外来植物检查系统源于Pheloung 等(1999) 小幅修正后,使用在太平洋岛屿。其结果是21分,建议如下:可能对夏威夷和其它太平洋群岛造成重大生态和经济损害,WRA 分数很高,这是依据已出版的描述物种生物学和行为学的数据在夏威夷或世界其它地区。

    控制此植物的化学或机械方法必须考虑到会损害到支持此藤蔓的植物。

    化学方法:绿草萣和草甘膦产品已用于控制鸡屎藤(Paederia foetida)(斯塔尔等人, 2003)。Langeland等人,报告说:单一的处理程序不可能实现完全控制,后续处理是必要的。

    物理方法:他们还补充报告说:一方面去除鸡屎藤(Paederia foetida)在景观的情况将是必要的,但在自然区域大规模的人工去除已被证明是无效的。水淹可少其活力,但鸡屎藤(Paederia foetida)沉水时仍然可存活至少192天。 English   



         管理资源 /链接

    1. Daehler, C.C; Denslow, J.S; Ansari, S and Huang-Chi, K., 2004. A Risk-Assessment System for Screening Out Invasive Pest Plants from Hawaii and Other Pacific Islands. Conservation Biology Volume 18 Issue 2 Page 360.
            摘要: A study on the use of a screening system to assess proposed plant introductions to Hawaii or other Pacific Islands and to identify high-risk species used in horticulture and forestry which would greatly reduce future pest-plant problems and allow entry of most nonpests.
    2. Gann, George and Gordon, Doria R., 1998. Paederia foetida (skunk vine) and P. cruddasiana (sewer vine): Threats and management strategies. Natural Areas Journal. 18(2). 169-174.
    4. Pemberton, R. W. and Pratt, P. D. 2002. In: Van Driesche, R., et al. 2002, Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2002-04, 413 p.
    5. Pemberton, R. W., K. Muari, P. D. Pratt, K. Teramoto. 2004. Dulinius conchatus Distant (Hemiptera:Tingidae), considered and rejected as a potential biological control agent of Paederia foetida L. (Rubiaceae), an invasive weed in Hawaii and Florida. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society. In Press
    6. Pratt, P.D. and R.W. Pemberton. Skunk Vine, Paederia foetida. In: Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the United States. E.M. Coombs, J. Clark, G. Piper, and A. Cofrancesco, eds.Oregon State Univ. Press. Pp. 449.. (Book Chapter).
    8. Walker, S. E; El-Gholl, N. E; Pratt, P. D and Schubert, T. S., 2001. First U.S. report of Pseudocercospora paederiae leaf spot on the invasive exotic Paederia foetida Plant Disease. 85(2). 232.

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland