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   Cyprinus carpio (魚類)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    有關鯉魚可能對原生的魚種與水禽造成之傷害,已經促使人們嘗試使用水平面控制、毒藥、圍網、電魚、垂釣和圍欄等方式進行移除(Parkos & Wahl, 2000)。然而鯉魚可以在開放的系統中快速地重新建立族群,使得移除計畫成為一件耗費金錢、人力,且不能間斷的過程(Parkos & Wahl, 2000)。一旦在一個水體中建立族群,要將鯉魚移除是困難且昂貴的工作(例如Cahoon 1953. in Nico, 1999)。「為了成功,防治方法需要具有成本效益,並且對其他魚種造成最少的影響(Bonneau 199)。選擇方法時,其他應考慮的因素包括水體、水溫與水質、公眾意見、水權與環境考量。。管理資料 詳細資料。 English  français   


         管理資源 /鏈接

    2. Aquatic Invaders of Belarus., 2007. Alien Species Database Cyprinus carpio
            摘要: This database is of alien aquatic animals inhabiting waterbodies of the Republic of Belarus. It allows to search the species by scientific taxonomy and to get information on their origin, distribution and potential ecological impacts. The database was composed in result of the analysis of literature published during the last century and authors' unpublished data. One can find some general information on Belarusian waterbodies, history of construction and functioning of the interbasin shipping canals, links to related sites, etc. The site is under testing and only an English version is available, a Russian version is expected shortly.
    The database is available from: http://www.aliensinbelarus.com/content/view/12/28/.
    This page is available from: http://www.aliensinbelarus.com/index.php?option=com_database&Itemid=27&id=42&task=one_dat [Accessed 28 May 2007]
    3. Arlinghaus, Robert and Mehner, Thomas. 2003. Socio-economic characterisation of specialised common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) anglers in Germany, and implications for inland fisheries management and eutrophication control. Fisheries Research Volume 61, Issues 1-3, March 2003, Pages 19-33.
    5. Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.
            摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
    The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011]
    The guidance document is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].
    8. Coates, D. and Ulaiwi, W.K. 1995. A simple model for predicting ecological impacts of introduced aquatic organisms: a case study of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., in the Sepik-Ramu River Basin, Papua New Guinea. Fisheries Management and Ecology, Volume 2 Issue 3, Pages 227 - 242.
    10. DeVaney, S., McNyset, K.M., Williams, J., Peterson, A.T., Wiley, E.O. 2009. A Tale of Four ‘‘Carp’’: Invasion Potential and Ecological Niche Modeling. May 2009 | Volume 4 | Issue 5 |e5451. pg 1-10.
    13. IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
            摘要: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
    14. Jones, M. J. and Stuart, I.G. 2006. Movement of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, in a regulated lowland Australian river: implications for management. Fisheries Management & Ecology. 13(4). AUG 2006. 213-219.
    16. Kroon, F.J., Gehrke, P.C., Kurwie, T. 2005. Weeds & Feral Animal Issues & Solutions. Ecological Management and Restoration Vol 6 No 3 December 2005, 228-229.
    17. Lloyd, Sandy. December 14, 2002. Personal communication.
            摘要: Email providing information on some management techniques in Australia.
    18. Mendoza, R.E.; Cudmore, B.; Orr, R.; Balderas, S.C.; Courtenay, W.R.; Osorio, P.K.; Mandrak, N.; Torres, P.A.; Damian, M.A.; Gallardo, C.E.; Sanguines, A.G.; Greene, G.; Lee, D.; Orbe-Mendoza, A.; Martinez, C.R.; and Arana, O.S. 2009. Trinational Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species. Commission for Environmental Cooperation. 393, rue St-Jacques Ouest, Bureau 200, Montréal (Québec), Canada. ISBN 978-2-923358-48-1.
            摘要: In 1993, Canada, Mexico and the United States signed the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) as a side agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The NAAEC established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) to help the Parties ensure that improved economic efficiency occurred simultaneously with trinational environmental cooperation. The NAAEC highlighted biodiversity as a key area for trinational cooperation. In 2001, the CEC adopted a resolution (Council Resolution 01-03), which created the Biodiversity Conservation Working Group (BCWG), a working group of high-level policy makers from Canada, Mexico and the United States. In 2003, the BCWG produced the “Strategic Plan for North American Cooperation in the Conservation of Biodiversity.” This strategy identified responding to threats, such as invasive species, as a priority action area. In 2004, the BCWG, recognizing the importance of prevention in addressing invasive species, agreed to work together to develop the draft CEC Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines). These Guidelines will serve as a tool to North American resource managers who are evaluating whether or not to introduce a non-native species into a new ecosystem. Through this collaborative process, the BCWG has begun to implement its strategy as well as address an important trade and environment issue. With increased trade comes an increase in the potential for economic growth as well as biological invasion, by working to minimize the potential adverse impacts from trade, the CEC Parties are working to maximize the gains from trade while minimizing the environmental costs.
    Available from: English version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5516_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_en.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010]
    French version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5517_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_fr.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010]
    Spanish version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5518_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_es.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010].
    19. Miller, S.A. and Provenza, F.D. 2007. Mechanisms of resistance of freshwater macrophytes to herbivory by invasive juvenile common carp. Freshwater Biology (2007) 52, 39–49.
    23. Pinto, L., Chandrasena, N., Pera, J., Hawkins, P., Eccles, D., Sim, R. 2005. Managing invasive carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) for habitat enhancement at Botany Wetlands, Australia. Aquatic Conserv: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. 15: 447–462 (2005)
    25. Rutherfurd, Ian D., Kathryn Jerie and Nicholas Marsh, 2000. A Rehabilitation Manual for Australian Streams. Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corporation.
            摘要: A paper on the rehabilitation techniques for Australian streams.
    26. Sorensen, P.W., Stacey, N.E. 2004. Brief review of fish pheromones and discussion of their possible uses in the control of non-indigenous teleost fishes. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 2004, Vol. 38: 399–417
    27. Stuart, I. . G. and Jones, M. J. 2006. Movement of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, in a regulated lowland Australian river: implications for management. Fisheries Management & Ecology. 13(4). AUG 2006. 213-219.
    28. Whiterod, N.R. & K.F. Walker A. 2006. Will rising salinity in the Murray–Darling Basin affect common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)?, Marine and Freshwater Research 57(8): 817-823.

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland