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   Corbicula fluminea (軟體動物)  English 
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    控制河蜆(Corbicula fluminea)族群的方法很多。當入水口被河蜆塞住時,一般都是使用溫度調節方法,即將管道的水加熱到溫度超過攝氏 37度。但這種方法不可能用在大多數的現有水系。使用隔板和陷阱等機械方法,可以有效地消除較大的蛤。可使用低濃度的氯或溴等化學藥劑來殺死幼蛤,有時也可以殺死成蛤。這種方法非常有效,但由於對這些化學藥劑的劑量限制越來越多,設施管理人已經不再用這個方法。一些州已經立法禁止引進河蜆到他們的水域。 English 


         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Balcom, N. C. 1994. Aquatic Immigrants of the Northeast, No. 4: Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.
            摘要: A broad report on the description, biology, impacts, introduction pathways, and control measures.
    2. Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.
            摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
    The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011]
    The guidance document is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland