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   Myriophyllum spicatum (水生植物)  English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    物理方法:機械砍筏機或收割機,能在短期內有效地去除大量的生物量,但應小心使用,因為植物碎片會助長傳播。收割也必須每一年做好幾次。鼓式翻耕此植物的根系結合水下吸除,已被用來控制侵襲。在田納西州使用水位操作,把水抽乾,已有效地用於控制族群。使用底部障礙物,包括特製材料,如玻璃纖維,聚丙烯,或聚氯乙烯(PVC),拴在湖底阻擋陽光防止植物生長。底部障礙物是最適合局部地區的生長控制。

    化學方法:除水草劑也可使用,但很少成功。

    生物方法:北方湖泊的雜草會自然減少,與北美象鼻蟲有關,Euhrychiopsis lecontie會對西洋蓍草造成重大損害,但對本地物種沒有什麼影響。象鼻蟲可能可以當作生物控制劑。 English   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    2. Champion, P.D.; Clayton, J.S. 2001. Border control for potential aquatic weeds. Stage 2. Weed risk assessment. Science for Conservation 185. 30 p.
            摘要: This report is the second stage in the development of a Border Control Programme for aquatic plants that have the potential to become ecological weeds in New Zealand. Importers and traders in aquatic plants were surveyed to identify the plant species known or likely to be present in New Zealand. The Aquatic Plant Weed Risk Assessment Model was used to help assess the level of risk posed by these species. The report presents evidence of the various entry pathways and considers the impact that new invasive aquatic weed species may have on vulnerable native aquatic species and communities.
    Available from: http://www.doc.govt.nz/upload/documents/science-and-technical/SFC185.pdf [Accessed 13 June 2007]
    4. National Park Service fact sheet.
            摘要: Brief description and natural history, as well as info on management options to control the species.
    Available from: http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/mysp1.htm
    5. National Pest Plant Accord, 2001. Biosecurity New Zealand.
            摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
    Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]
    6. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2005. Unwanted Organisms. Factsheet Myriophyllum spicatum
    8. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Myriophyllum spicatum
            摘要: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.
    9. Washington State Department of Ecology
            摘要: General information including description, distribution, habitat, history, and reproduction. Management information about the response of the plant to different management options.

         結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland