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   Sorghum halepense (草)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    各種方法已被用於控制詹森草(Sorghum halepense)。雖然在歐洲和北美,除草劑繼續提供最有效的控制,可以有效控制農作物之間的詹森草(如橋樑和錢德勒 1987),已經有除草劑抗藥性的報導(Smeda等人, 1997),生物控制方法正在研究中(Milhollon 2000; Chandramohan等人, 2002)。無法獲得除草劑或除草劑太昂貴的地方,可以使用不同的管理方法,如作物輪作等措施(Ugen & 沃特曼2001)。在植物尚未完全長成以前,各種機械控制被用來防止種子傳播和根莖生長。這些措施包括在植物花期開始以前在野地、溝堤、田渠、農田進行削砍,避免動物放牧在災區和第一個月內進行翻土,以防止出現新的根莖(美國大自然保護協會元管家摘要)。麥克沃特爾(1989)認為草高約 36公分時翻土是最有效的,有助於防止植物成熟和蔓延。美國大自然保護協會的管理職責摘要包含有控制方法資訊。。

    對於預防措施的詳細資料,化學和物理控制方法,請參閱管理資訊 。 English  français   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Bridges, D.C. and Chandler, J.M. 1987. Effect of herbicide and weed height on Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) control and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) yield. Weed Technology 1: 207-211.
    3. Chandramohan, S., Charudattan, R., Sonoda, R.M. and Singh, M. 2002. Field evaluation of a fungal pathogen mixture for the control of seven weedy grasses. Weed Science 50: 204-213.
    5. McWhorter, C.G. 1972. Factors affecting johnsongrass rhizome production and germination. Weed Science 20: 41-45.
    6. Millhollon, R. 2000. Loose kernel smut for biocontrol of Sorghum halepense in Saccharum sp. hybrids. Weed Science 48: 645-652.
    7. National Pest Plant Accord, 2001. Biosecurity New Zealand.
            摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
    Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]
    10. Smeda, R.J., Snipes, C.E. and Barrentine, W.L. 1997. Identification of graminicide-resistant johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense). Weed Science 45: 132-137.
    11. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Sorghum halepense
            摘要: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.

         結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland