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   Sorghum halepense (草)  English  français   
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         管理信息

    各种方法已被用于控制约翰逊草(Sorghum halepense)。虽然在欧洲和北美,除草剂继续提供最有效的控制,可以有效控制农作物之间的约翰逊草(如桥梁和钱德勒 1987),已经有除草剂抗药性的报导(Smeda等人, 1997),生物控制方法正在研究中(Milhollon 2000; Chandramohan等人, 2002)。无法获得除草剂或除草剂太昂贵的地方,可以使用不同的管理方法,如作物轮作等措施(Ugen & 沃特曼2001)。在植物尚未完全长成以前,各种机械控制被用来防止种子传播和根茎生长。这些措施包括在植物花期开始以前在野地、沟堤、田渠、农田进行削砍,避免动物放牧在灾区和第一个月内进行翻土,以防止出现新的根茎(美国大自然保护协会元管家摘要)。麦克沃特尔(1989)认为草高约 36公分时翻土是最有效的,有助于防止植物成熟和蔓延。美国大自然保护协会的管理职责摘要包含有控制方法信息。。

    对于预防措施的详细数据,化学和物理控制方法,请参阅管理信息 。 English  français   



         管理资源 /链接

    1. Bridges, D.C. and Chandler, J.M. 1987. Effect of herbicide and weed height on Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) control and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) yield. Weed Technology 1: 207-211.
    3. Chandramohan, S., Charudattan, R., Sonoda, R.M. and Singh, M. 2002. Field evaluation of a fungal pathogen mixture for the control of seven weedy grasses. Weed Science 50: 204-213.
    5. McWhorter, C.G. 1972. Factors affecting johnsongrass rhizome production and germination. Weed Science 20: 41-45.
    6. Millhollon, R. 2000. Loose kernel smut for biocontrol of Sorghum halepense in Saccharum sp. hybrids. Weed Science 48: 645-652.
    7. National Pest Plant Accord, 2001. Biosecurity New Zealand.
            摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
    Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]
    10. Smeda, R.J., Snipes, C.E. and Barrentine, W.L. 1997. Identification of graminicide-resistant johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense). Weed Science 45: 132-137.
    11. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Sorghum halepense
            摘要: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland