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   Solanum mauritianum (喬木, 灌木)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    化學方法:容易使用除草劑殺死。在南非,一些化學品(如草甘膦,綠草萣,滅草煙)被登記為葉片,基部莖或削砍殘端應用。人工控制涉及環剝樹皮或拔幼苗(威爾迪, 2002)。

    生物方法:南非已著手生物控制,藉著釋放會吸汁液的蕾絲蟲(Gargaphia decoris)(1999年Olckers, 1999, 2000)。然而,這種昆蟲目前已經證明無效。南非目前正在尋求許可,釋放能防止結果實的花蕾象蟲(Anthonomus santacruzi),(T. Olckers. pers. comm.)。 English  français   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    2. Environment Waikato. 2002. Woolly Nightshade (Solanum mauritianum)
    4. Hivert, J. 2003. Plantes exotiques envahissantes - Etat des méthodes de lutte mise en oeuvre par l'Office National des Forêts à La Réunion. ONF Réunion.
            摘要: Synthèse des méthodes de lutte employées par l'ONF à la Réunion contre une vingtaine de plantes exotiques envahissantes.
    6. Mather, J. 1998. Fact Sheet PP01/98, Environment B.O.P (Bay of Plenty).
    7. McGregor, P.G. 1999. Prospects for biological control of woolly nightshade, Solanum mauritianum (Solanaceae: Solanoideae). Landcare Research Contract Report: LC9900/035. 15 pp.
            摘要: An unpublished report which outlines the status, current control options and prospects for biological control of S. mauritianum in New Zealand.
    9. Olckers, T. 1999. Biological control of Solanum mauritianum Scopoli (Solanaceae) in South Africa: a review of candidate agents, progress and future prospects. African Entomology Memoir No. 1: 65-73.
            摘要: A paper which reviews the biological control programme launched against S. mauritianum in South Africa and the prospects for success.
    10. Olckers, T. 2000. Biology, host specificity and risk assessment of Gargaphia decoris, the first agent to be released in South Africa for the biological control of the invasive tree Solanum mauritianum. BioControl 45: 373-388.
            摘要: A paper outlining the evaluation process for a potential biological control agent in South Africa. This particular species was determined to be suitable for release in South Africa and was subsequently released in 1999.
    12. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Solanum mauritianum
            摘要: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.
    13. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy
    15. Withers, T.M., Olckers, T. & S.V. Fowler. 2002. The risk to Solanum spp. in New Zealand from Gargaphia decoris (Hem.: Tingidae), a potential biocontrol agent against woolly nightshade, S.mauritianum New Zealand Plant Protection 55: 90-94.
            摘要: A paper outlining the prospects for obtaining permission to release Gargaphia decoris for the biological control of S.mauritianum in New Zealand.

         結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland