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   Solanum mauritianum (乔木, 灌木)  English  français   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    化学方法:容易使用除草剂杀死。在南非,一些化学品(如草甘膦,绿草萣,灭草烟)被登记为叶片,基部茎或削砍残端应用。人工控制涉及环剥树皮或拔幼苗(威尔迪, 2002)。

    生物方法:南非已着手生物控制,借着释放会吸汁液的蕾丝虫(Gargaphia decoris)(1999年Olckers, 1999, 2000)。然而,这种昆虫目前已经证明无效。南非目前正在寻求许可,释放能防止结果实的花蕾象虫(Anthonomus santacruzi),(T. Olckers. pers. comm.)。 English  français   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Auckland Region (North Island)
    S. mauritianum has been designated as a Surveillance, Community Initiative and Containment Pest by the Auckland Regional Pest Management Pest Management Strategy 2002-2007. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    The objectives of the management strategy are to prevent the spread of and, where practicable, reduce infestations, of S. mauritianum in the Waitakere Ranges Weed Control Zone over the next five years; and to minimise the immediate adverse effects of S. mauritianum on properties with neighbouring infestations in the Auckland region; and finally to restrict the further spread of S. mauritianum by humans over the next 10 years.
    Gauteng
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released
    Hhohho
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Lubombo
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Mpumalanga
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Nelson
    S. mauritianum is designated as a 'Regional surveillance pest' by the the Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy. The strategy has its effect over the combined area that lies within the administrative boundaries of the Tasman District Council and Nelson City Council. The objective of the strategy is to promote the control of S. mauritianum and improve the public understanding of its impact. Investment in biological control and promoting the voluntary control of S. mauritianum are seen as other appropriate control options. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    North West
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released
    Queensland
    Plants attacked and damaged by mountain possums. S. mauritianum colonises cleared rainforest patches and abandoned paddocks.
    Tasman District
    S. mauritianum is designated as a 'Regional surveillance pest' by the the Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy. The strategy has its effect over the combined area that lies within the administrative boundaries of the Tasman District Council and Nelson City Council. The objective of the strategy is to promote the control of S. mauritianum and improve the public understanding of its impact. Investment in biological control and promoting the voluntary control of S. mauritianum are seen as other appropriate control options. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    Wenderholm Regional Park
    The techniques outlined in Veitch and MacArthur (1997) have greatly reduced infestations of woolly nightshade. It is now kept in check by an annual maintenance programme. Reforestation should be integrated with weed control.
    Western Cape
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released


         管理资源 /链接

    2. Environment Waikato. 2002. Woolly Nightshade (Solanum mauritianum)
    4. Hivert, J. 2003. Plantes exotiques envahissantes - Etat des méthodes de lutte mise en oeuvre par l'Office National des Forêts à La Réunion. ONF Réunion.
            摘要: Synthèse des méthodes de lutte employées par l'ONF à la Réunion contre une vingtaine de plantes exotiques envahissantes.
    6. Mather, J. 1998. Fact Sheet PP01/98, Environment B.O.P (Bay of Plenty).
    7. McGregor, P.G. 1999. Prospects for biological control of woolly nightshade, Solanum mauritianum (Solanaceae: Solanoideae). Landcare Research Contract Report: LC9900/035. 15 pp.
            摘要: An unpublished report which outlines the status, current control options and prospects for biological control of S. mauritianum in New Zealand.
    9. Olckers, T. 1999. Biological control of Solanum mauritianum Scopoli (Solanaceae) in South Africa: a review of candidate agents, progress and future prospects. African Entomology Memoir No. 1: 65-73.
            摘要: A paper which reviews the biological control programme launched against S. mauritianum in South Africa and the prospects for success.
    10. Olckers, T. 2000. Biology, host specificity and risk assessment of Gargaphia decoris, the first agent to be released in South Africa for the biological control of the invasive tree Solanum mauritianum. BioControl 45: 373-388.
            摘要: A paper outlining the evaluation process for a potential biological control agent in South Africa. This particular species was determined to be suitable for release in South Africa and was subsequently released in 1999.
    12. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Solanum mauritianum
            摘要: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.
    13. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy
    15. Withers, T.M., Olckers, T. & S.V. Fowler. 2002. The risk to Solanum spp. in New Zealand from Gargaphia decoris (Hem.: Tingidae), a potential biocontrol agent against woolly nightshade, S.mauritianum New Zealand Plant Protection 55: 90-94.
            摘要: A paper outlining the prospects for obtaining permission to release Gargaphia decoris for the biological control of S.mauritianum in New Zealand.

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland