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   Solanum mauritianum (arbre, arbuste)  English     
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         Études de cas sur la gestion
    Auckland Region (North Island)
    S. mauritianum has been designated as a Surveillance, Community Initiative and Containment Pest by the Auckland Regional Pest Management Pest Management Strategy 2002-2007. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    The objectives of the management strategy are to prevent the spread of and, where practicable, reduce infestations, of S. mauritianum in the Waitakere Ranges Weed Control Zone over the next five years; and to minimise the immediate adverse effects of S. mauritianum on properties with neighbouring infestations in the Auckland region; and finally to restrict the further spread of S. mauritianum by humans over the next 10 years.
    Gauteng
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released
    Hhohho
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Lubombo
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Mpumalanga
    Chemical and mechanical control options used.
    Nelson
    S. mauritianum is designated as a 'Regional surveillance pest' by the the Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy. The strategy has its effect over the combined area that lies within the administrative boundaries of the Tasman District Council and Nelson City Council. The objective of the strategy is to promote the control of S. mauritianum and improve the public understanding of its impact. Investment in biological control and promoting the voluntary control of S. mauritianum are seen as other appropriate control options. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    North West
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released
    Queensland
    Plants attacked and damaged by mountain possums. S. mauritianum colonises cleared rainforest patches and abandoned paddocks.
    Reunion (La Reunion) English 
    Plusieurs méthodes ont été testées par l'ONF. Les plus efficaces consistent en une lutte intégrée. Après une action mécanique de coupe au sabre, une solution chimique est appliquée sur les souches (Round up® ou Krénite® ou Garlon®) (Hivert, 2003).
    Tasman District
    S. mauritianum is designated as a 'Regional surveillance pest' by the the Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy. The strategy has its effect over the combined area that lies within the administrative boundaries of the Tasman District Council and Nelson City Council. The objective of the strategy is to promote the control of S. mauritianum and improve the public understanding of its impact. Investment in biological control and promoting the voluntary control of S. mauritianum are seen as other appropriate control options. Please see Hierarchy of Plant Designations for an explanation of designation terminology.
    Wenderholm Regional Park
    The techniques outlined in Veitch and MacArthur (1997) have greatly reduced infestations of woolly nightshade. It is now kept in check by an annual maintenance programme. Reforestation should be integrated with weed control.
    Western Cape
    Chemical and mechanical control options used. Biocontrol agents released


         Ressources pour la gestion/Liens

    2. Environment Waikato. 2002. Woolly Nightshade (Solanum mauritianum)
    4. Hivert, J. 2003. Plantes exotiques envahissantes - Etat des méthodes de lutte mise en oeuvre par l'Office National des Forêts à La Réunion. ONF Réunion.
            Résumé: Synthèse des méthodes de lutte employées par l'ONF à la Réunion contre une vingtaine de plantes exotiques envahissantes.
    6. Mather, J. 1998. Fact Sheet PP01/98, Environment B.O.P (Bay of Plenty).
    7. McGregor, P.G. 1999. Prospects for biological control of woolly nightshade, Solanum mauritianum (Solanaceae: Solanoideae). Landcare Research Contract Report: LC9900/035. 15 pp.
            Résumé: An unpublished report which outlines the status, current control options and prospects for biological control of S. mauritianum in New Zealand.
    9. Olckers, T. 1999. Biological control of Solanum mauritianum Scopoli (Solanaceae) in South Africa: a review of candidate agents, progress and future prospects. African Entomology Memoir No. 1: 65-73.
            Résumé: A paper which reviews the biological control programme launched against S. mauritianum in South Africa and the prospects for success.
    10. Olckers, T. 2000. Biology, host specificity and risk assessment of Gargaphia decoris, the first agent to be released in South Africa for the biological control of the invasive tree Solanum mauritianum. BioControl 45: 373-388.
            Résumé: A paper outlining the evaluation process for a potential biological control agent in South Africa. This particular species was determined to be suitable for release in South Africa and was subsequently released in 1999.
    12. Swaziland's Alien Plants Database., Undated. Solanum mauritianum
            Résumé: A database of Swaziland's alien plant species.
    13. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy
    15. Withers, T.M., Olckers, T. & S.V. Fowler. 2002. The risk to Solanum spp. in New Zealand from Gargaphia decoris (Hem.: Tingidae), a potential biocontrol agent against woolly nightshade, S.mauritianum New Zealand Plant Protection 55: 90-94.
            Résumé: A paper outlining the prospects for obtaining permission to release Gargaphia decoris for the biological control of S.mauritianum in New Zealand.

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland