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   Oryctes rhinoceros (昆蟲)  English  français 
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    綜合管理:以族群為基礎的綜合防治措施是不可少的,可有效控制帶來椰子犀角金龜(Oryctes rhinoceros)的族群。綜合管理主要組成部分包括機械,化學和生物方法。機械方法包括檢查樹木蟲害和清除甲蟲。預防方法包括使用napthalene balls等殺蟲劑驅逐甲蟲。楝樹和印度大風子的油也有良好的效果。
    生物方法:甲蟲的生物控制方法,最重要的是使用IPM包。綠僵菌(Metarhizium anisopliae)病原體,在低溫和高濕度條件下可殺死害蟲。Oryctes (OBV)桿狀病毒可在感染後15-20天內,非常有效的殺死幼蟲,並影響成蟲的壽命和繁殖力。在甲蟲的自然繁殖地經常會出現昆蟲天敵,它會吃甲蟲的卵和初齡的幼蟲。最重要的天敵是Santalus parallelusPayk.,Pheropsophus occipitalisMacleay,P. lissoderusChelisoches morio (Fab.)和Scarites屬,Harpalus屬和Agrypnus屬物種。由於這些自然天敵幫助調節害蟲族群,必須保護這些捕食者。限制和管理繁殖地方可以調節害蟲擴散。妥善處置養殖場和田間衛生是Oryctes病蟲害綜合防治重要的步驟。使用腐爛的蓖麻餅,放在泥盆中,是一種有效的誘捕方法。更多詳情請參閱 病蟲害綜合管理資料
    控制方法清單請參閱 控制椰子犀角金龜:印度 ('The Hindu' July 7 2005)。 English  français 


         管理資源 /鏈接

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            摘要: The coconut palm is an important plantation crop in India, where it is cultivated on 1.796 million hectares. The rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is a serious pest of coconut throughout India and southeast Asia, causing an estimated 10% yield loss in the crop. Successful biological control of this pest could be achieved using the non-occluded Oryctes virus (syn. Baculovirus oryctes or Oryctes baculovirus). This review provides an account of this microbial agent, its biology, effects and impact, production and maintenance and alternative hosts, particularly in the context of the Indian situation. It also proposes future areas for investigation on the virus, in order to achieve its commercial viability and more widespread use.
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            摘要: PaDIL (Pests and Diseases Image Library) is a Commonwealth Government initiative, developed and built by Museum Victoria's Online Publishing Team, with support provided by DAFF (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry) and PHA (Plant Health Australia), a non-profit public company. Project partners also include Museum Victoria, the Western Australian Department of Agriculture and the Queensland University of Technology. The aim of the project is: 1) Production of high quality images showing primarily exotic targeted organisms of plant health concern to Australia. 2) Assist with plant health diagnostics in all areas, from initial to high level. 3) Capacity building for diagnostics in plant health, including linkage developments between training and research organisations. 4) Create and use educational tools for training undergraduates/postgraduates. 5) Engender public awareness about plant health concerns in Australia. PaDIL is available from : http://www.padil.gov.au/aboutOverview.aspx, this page is available from: http://www.padil.gov.au/viewPestDiagnosticImages.aspx?id=302 [Accessed 6 October 2006]
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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland