Global Invasive Species Database 100 of the worst Donations home
Standard Search Standard Search Taxonomic Search   Index Search

   Oryctes rhinoceros (昆蟲)  English  français 
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


    綜合管理:以族群為基礎的綜合防治措施是不可少的,可有效控制帶來椰子犀角金龜(Oryctes rhinoceros)的族群。綜合管理主要組成部分包括機械,化學和生物方法。機械方法包括檢查樹木蟲害和清除甲蟲。預防方法包括使用napthalene balls等殺蟲劑驅逐甲蟲。楝樹和印度大風子的油也有良好的效果。
    生物方法:甲蟲的生物控制方法,最重要的是使用IPM包。綠僵菌(Metarhizium anisopliae)病原體,在低溫和高濕度條件下可殺死害蟲。Oryctes (OBV)桿狀病毒可在感染後15-20天內,非常有效的殺死幼蟲,並影響成蟲的壽命和繁殖力。在甲蟲的自然繁殖地經常會出現昆蟲天敵,它會吃甲蟲的卵和初齡的幼蟲。最重要的天敵是Santalus parallelusPayk.,Pheropsophus occipitalisMacleay,P. lissoderusChelisoches morio (Fab.)和Scarites屬,Harpalus屬和Agrypnus屬物種。由於這些自然天敵幫助調節害蟲族群,必須保護這些捕食者。限制和管理繁殖地方可以調節害蟲擴散。妥善處置養殖場和田間衛生是Oryctes病蟲害綜合防治重要的步驟。使用腐爛的蓖麻餅,放在泥盆中,是一種有效的誘捕方法。更多詳情請參閱 病蟲害綜合管理資料
    控制方法清單請參閱 控制椰子犀角金龜:印度 ('The Hindu' July 7 2005)。 English  français 

         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Anonymous. 1952. Insect Consultants Committee for Micronesia (ICCM). Annual Report of the Pacific Science Board, 6: 28–36.
    2. Anonymous. 1953. Insect Consultants Committee for Micronesia (ICCM). Annual Report of the Pacific Science Board, 7: 21–28.
    3. Antony, J. and Kurian, C. 1966. Biology of the histerid beetle Hister (Santalus) orientalis Payk. A predator of Oryctes. Proc. 53rd Indian Science Congress Part III p. 362.
    4. Antony, J. and Kurian, C. 1975. Physical and biotic factors which exert a check on the population density of Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. in India . Paper presented at the fourth session of the FAO Tech. Working party on coconut production, Protection and processing, Kingston, Jamaica. 14-25 Sept.1975
    5. Bedford, G.O. 1976a. Use of a virus against the coconut palm rhinoceros beetle in Fiji. PANS 22:11-25
    6. Bedford, G.O. 1980. Biology, Ecology and control of palm Rhinoceros beetle. Ann. Rev. Entomol, 26, 213.
    7. Bedford, G.O., 1976b. Observations on the biology and ecology of Orcytes rhinoceros and Scapenes australis (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae): pests of coconut palms in Melanesia. J. Aust. ent. Soc., 1976, 15: 241-251
    8. Biju, B., Sudhadevi, K., Danger, T.K. and Sathiamma, B. 1995. Biological suppression of Oryctes rhinoceros by re-releases of Baculovirus oryctes in an infected contiguous area. J. Plantn Crops 23: 62 – 63.
    9. Chandrika, M. and Nair, C.P.R. 2000. Effect of Clerodendron infortunatum on grubs of coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros . Recent advances in Plantation Crops Research 2000, pp. 297-299. (Eds) N. Muraleedharan and R. Rajkumar. Allied Publishers Ltd, New Delhi.
    10. Chandrika, M., Nair, C.P.R. and Rajan, P. 2001. Scope of botanical pesticides in the management of Oryctes rhinoceros L. and Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv. Affecting coconut palm. Entomon 26 (spl. Issue): 47-51.
    11. Dangar, T. K., Geetha, L., Jayapal, S.P. and Pillai, G.B. 1991. Mass production of entomopathogen Metarhizium anisopliae in coconut water wasted from copra making industry. J. Plantn Crops 19(1): 54 – 69.
    13. Gopal, M., Gupta, A., Sathiamma, B. and Radhakrishnan Nair, C. P. 2001. Review Article - Control of the Coconut Pest Oryctes rhinoceros L. Using the Oryctes Virus. Insect Science and its Application 21(2): 93-101.
            摘要: The coconut palm is an important plantation crop in India, where it is cultivated on 1.796 million hectares. The rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is a serious pest of coconut throughout India and southeast Asia, causing an estimated 10% yield loss in the crop. Successful biological control of this pest could be achieved using the non-occluded Oryctes virus (syn. Baculovirus oryctes or Oryctes baculovirus). This review provides an account of this microbial agent, its biology, effects and impact, production and maintenance and alternative hosts, particularly in the context of the Indian situation. It also proposes future areas for investigation on the virus, in order to achieve its commercial viability and more widespread use.
    14. Gorick, B.D. 1980. Release and establishment of the Baculovirus disease of Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Papua New Guinea. Bull. Ent. Res. 70 (3): 445-453.
    15. Gurmit Singh 1987. Naphthalene balls for the protection of coconut and oil palm against Oryctes rhinoceros L. Planter 63 (2): 286-92.
    16. Hallet, R.H., Perez, A.L., Gries, G., Gries, R., Pierce, H.D. Jr., Yue-JunMing, Oehlschlager, A.C., Gonzalez, L. M., Borden, J.H. and Yue, J.M. 1995. Aggregation pheromone on coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scrabaeidae) .J. Chemical Ecology 21(10): 1549-1570.
    17. Huger, A.M. 1966. A virus disease of the Indian rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (Linaeus) , caused by a new type of insect virus, Rhaddionvirus oryctes gen.n. sp.n. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 8: 38-41.
    18. Jacob, T.K. 1996. Introduction and establishment of Baculovirus for the control of rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in the Andaman Islands (India). Bull. Ent. Res. 86: 257-262.
    19. Jayaraman,V. 1985. Study on repellant action of phorate against rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. In: Behavioural and physiological approaches in pest management. A, Reghupathy and S. Jayaraj. (Eds) TNAU Coimbatore. pp. 116-119.
    20. Kurian, C., Pillai, G.B., Antony, J., Abraham, V.A. and Natarajan, P. 1983. Biological control of insect pest of coconut. In. Coconut Research and Development. Proc. of the International Symposium I. CPCRI, Kasaragod. Dec 27-31, 1976. (ed. N.M. Nair) Wiley Eastern. New Delhi p.361-375.
    21. Lomer, C.J. A.D. 1986. Release of Baculovirus Oryctes into Oryctes monoceros population in the Seychelles. J. Invertebr.Pathol. 47(3): 237-246.
    24. Mohan, K.S. and Pillai, G.B. 1982. A method for lab. scale mass cultivation of Metarhizium anisopliae . Folia Microbiol. 27: 281-283.
    25. Mohan, K.S. and Pillai, G.B. 1993. Biological control of Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) using an Indian isolate of Oryctes baculovirus. Insect Sci. Applic.14 (5-6): 551-558.
    26. Mohan, K.S., Jayapal, S.P. and Pillai, G.B. 1983. Baculovirus disease in Oryctes rhinoceros population in Kerala. J. Plantn Crops 11 (2): 154-161.
    27. Mohan, K.S., Jayapal, S.P. and Pillai, G.B. 1985a. Response of Oryctes rhinoceros larvae to infection by Oryctes baculovirus. J. Plantn Crops 13 (2): 116-124.
    28. Mohan, K.S., Jayapal, S.P. and Pillai, G.B. 1985b. Diagnosis of baculovirus infection in coconut rhinoceros beetles by examination of excreta. Z. Pflkranh. Pflschutz. 93 (4): 379-383.
    29. Mohan, K.S., Jayapal, S.P. and Pillai, G.B. 1989. Biological suppression of coconut rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) in Minicoy, Lakshadweep by Oryctes baculovirus - impact on pest population and damage. J. Plantn Crops 16 (Suppl.): 163-170
    30. Monty, J. 1978. The coconut palm rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Col., Dynastidae) in Mauritius and its control. Revue Agricole et Sucriere de I’lle Maurice. 57 (2): 60-76.
    31. Nair, C.P.R., Daniel,M. and Ponnamma, K.N. 1997. Integrated Pest Management in palms; Eds. Nambiar, K.K.N and Nair, M.K. Coconut Development Board, Kochi, India. pp. 30.
    32. Nirula, K.K., Radha, K. and Menon, K.P.V. 1955. The green muscardine disease of Oryctes rhinoceros L. I. Symptomatology, epizootology and economic importance. Ind. Cocon. J. 9: 3-10.
    33. Nirula, K.K., Radha, K. and Menon, K.P.V. 1956. The green muscardine disease of Oryctes rhinoceros L. II. The causal organism. Ind. Cocon. J. 9 (2): 83-89.
    35. Pacific Pest Info Newsletter. Published by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Plant Protection Service, Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji Islands. Tel: (679) 3370-733; Fax: (679) 3370-021.
    38. PaDIL (Pest and Diseases Image Library), 2005. Coconut rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros (Linnaeus) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)
            摘要: PaDIL (Pests and Diseases Image Library) is a Commonwealth Government initiative, developed and built by Museum Victoria's Online Publishing Team, with support provided by DAFF (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry) and PHA (Plant Health Australia), a non-profit public company. Project partners also include Museum Victoria, the Western Australian Department of Agriculture and the Queensland University of Technology. The aim of the project is: 1) Production of high quality images showing primarily exotic targeted organisms of plant health concern to Australia. 2) Assist with plant health diagnostics in all areas, from initial to high level. 3) Capacity building for diagnostics in plant health, including linkage developments between training and research organisations. 4) Create and use educational tools for training undergraduates/postgraduates. 5) Engender public awareness about plant health concerns in Australia. PaDIL is available from :, this page is available from: [Accessed 6 October 2006]
    39. Pillai, G.B., Sathiamma, B. and Danger, T.K. 1993. Integrated control of rhinoceros beetle. Pp 455 – 463. In Advances in coconut research and development (Eds.) Nair, M.K., Khan, H.H., Gopalasundaram, P and Bhaskara Rao, E.V.V. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
    40. Purrini, K. 1989. Baculovirus oryctes release into Oryctes monoceros population in Tanzania , with special reference to the interaction of virus isolates used in our laboratory infection experiments. J. Invertebrate Pathology 53(3) :285-300.
    41. Rajamanickam, K., Kennedy, F.J.S., Lourdurai, A.C. and Raveendran, T.S. 1992. Attractants – an aid in rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinocerosL.) management. Ind. Cocon. J. 23 (1) : 6-7
    42. Ramachandran, C.P., Kurien, C. and Mathew, J. 1963 . Assessment of damage to coconut due to Oryctes rhinoceros L. Nature and damage caused by the beetle and factors involved in the estimation of loss. Indian Cocon J. 17 : 3-12.
    44. Sadakathulla, S. and Ramachandran, T.K. 1990. Efficacy of naphthalene balls in the control of rhinoceros beetle attacks in coconut. Cocos 8:23-25.
    45. Swaine ,G.. 1966. Fiji’s campaign against the coconut rhinoceros beetle. Int. Pest Control. 8 : 6-9 .
    46. Swan, D. I. 1974. A review of the work on predators, parasites and pathogens for the control of Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: carabaeidae) in the Pacific area. Commonwealth Agriculture Bureaux Miscellanous Publication no. 7, 64pp.
    47. Ton-That-Trinh, 1973. La situation des cultures oleagineuses au sud Vietnam. Oleagineux 28 :185-88
    49. Wood, B.J. 1968. Pests of oil palm in Malaysia and their control .Kuala Lumpur : Inc.Soc.Planters 204 pp.
    50. Young, E.C. 1974. The epizootiology of two pathogens of the coconut palm Rhinoceros beetle. J. Inverbrt. Pathol. 24:82-92.
    51. Zelazny, B. 1975. Behaviour of young rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros Entomol. Exp. Appl. 18 :135-40
    52. Zelazny, B. 1977. Oryctes rhinoceros populations and behaviour influenced by a baculovirus . J. Invertebr. Pathol. 29 : 210-15
    53. Zelazny, B. 1981. India- presence of Baculovirus of Oryctes rhinoceros FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 29 (3/4): 77-78.

         結果頁: 1  

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland