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   Lonicera japonica (藤本植物,攀援植物)  English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    預防措施:金銀花(Lonicera japonica)的風險評估,由Kaulunani 都市森林計畫與美國森林服務部贊助,Dr. Curtis Daehler(UH Botany)執行,針對夏威夷與其他太平洋島嶼。外來植物檢查系統源於Pheloung 等(1999)小幅修正後,使用在太平洋島嶼。其結果是12分,建議如下:WRA分數很高,可能會對夏威夷和其他太平洋島嶼造成重大生態和經濟損害,這是根據夏威夷和世界其他地方已出版的物種描述、生物學和行為資料推斷。

    物理方法:割草和放牧可以控制金銀花傳播,但是並不能消除它。火燒可清除地上的植被和減少新的生長,但不會破壞根系,根系將繼續發芽。

    化學方法:化學控制是有效的,如果使用正確的濃度並在一年中適當的時候使用。一種有效的處理方法為,初霜後不久對葉面噴施 1.5%的草甘膦。

    綜合管理:最有效的消除技術,似乎是結合除草劑和焚燒。它是常綠性,可長時間進行光合作用,使它比其他較早休眠的植物更具有競爭優勢。但幸運的是,此特性以可以更容易的識別,當原生植物休眠時。 English  français   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Daehler, C.C; Denslow, J.S; Ansari, S and Huang-Chi, K., 2004. A Risk-Assessment System for Screening Out Invasive Pest Plants from Hawaii and Other Pacific Islands. Conservation Biology Volume 18 Issue 2 Page 360.
            摘要: A study on the use of a screening system to assess proposed plant introductions to Hawaii or other Pacific Islands and to identify high-risk species used in horticulture and forestry which would greatly reduce future pest-plant problems and allow entry of most nonpests.
    2. IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4.
            摘要: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information (i.e. are Data Deficient); and on taxa that are either close to meeting the threatened thresholds or that would be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific conservation programme (i.e. are Near Threatened).
    Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/ [Accessed 25 May 2011]
    3. National Pest Plant Accord, 2001. Biosecurity New Zealand.
            摘要: The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities. Under the accord, regional councils will undertake surveillance to prevent the commercial sale and/or distribution of an agreed list of pest plants.
    Available from: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests-diseases/plants/accord.htm [Accessed 11 August 2005]
    4. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2005. Unwanted Organisms. Factsheet Lonicera japonica
    5. Pallin, N. 2000. Ku-ring-gai Flying-fox Reserve, Habitat restoration project, 15 years on. Ecological Management and Restoration 1(1):10 April 2000.
            摘要: Discusses impacts species has had on a Reserve in Australia. Examines chemical and physical control methods and how control has been reached.
    7. Tasman District Council (TDC) 2001. Tasman-Nelson Regional Pest Management Strategy
    9. Ward, B. and Henzell, R. 1999. Gel pruning for the control of invasive vines. ConScience, Department of Conservation, New Zealand.
            摘要: Gel pruning is being investigated as an environmentally friendly and effective chemical application system for selectively killing invasive vines.

         結果頁: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland