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   Chrysanthemoides monilifera (草本植物)  English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    預防措施:預防和早期處理是最符合成本效益的控制分法。一旦出現情人菊侵襲,最重要的是要防止種子擴散到周邊地區。成熟的植株,應在開花前摧毀。種子可以經由沙灘車傳播,應注意防範(CRC, 2003)。

    請參閱ISSG收集的物理、化學和生物控制方法。 English   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    1. Adair, R. J.; Holtkamp, R. H., 1999. Development of a pesticide exclusion technique for assessing the impact of biological control agents for Chrysanthemoides monilifera Biocontrol Science & Technology. 9(3). Sept., 1999. 383-390.
    4. Batianoff, George N, 1997. A beachcomber's notes on bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata (DC.) Norl.) in Queensland. Plant Protection Quarterly. 12(4). 1997. 177-179.
    5. Benham, S. P., pers. comm.., 2008. Steve P. Benham, Biodiversity Ranger-Flora, Department of Conservation, New Zealand.
    6. Bradfield, G. 2007. Boneseed busting. Weedbusters website.
    9. Cother, E. J., 2000. Pathogenicity of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum to Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata (Bitoubush) and Selected Species of the Coastal Flora in Eastern Australia. Biological Control Volume 18, Issue 1, May 2000, Pages 10-17
    16. Department of Conservation (DOC), undated. Weed Alert Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera)
    19. Downey, Paul O.; Royce H. Holtkamp, John E. Ireson, Raelene M. Kwong and Anthony . Swirepik., 2007. A review of the Chrysanthemoides monilifera biological control program in Australia: 1987–2005. Plant Protection Quarterly Vol.22(1) 2007
    20. Edwards, P. B., 1998. Seasonal abundance and parasitism of Mesoclanis seed flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South Africa, and implications for the biological control of Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Asteraceae) in Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 88(4). Aug., 1998. 407-414.
    21. Edwards, Penelope B.; Holtkamp, Royce H.; Adair, Robin J. 1999. Establishment and rapid spread of the bitou seed fly, Mesoclanis polana Munro (Diptera: Tephritidae), in eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Entomology. 38(2). May 4, 1999. 148-150.
    22. Environment Bay of Plenty (EBOP) Regional Council., Sustainable Options, Pest Plant Control 08. Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera)
    23. Environment Waikato. 2003. Beachcare group wins community award.
    24. Environment Waikato. 2006. Weed amnesty for Raglan. Media release.
    25. Greater Wellington Regional Council., 2001. Pest Plants Everyone's Responsibility : Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera)
    27. IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
            摘要: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
    28. Jeff Thomas, Damien Hofmeyer, Andrew S. Benwell., 2006. Bitou Bush control (after fire) in Bundjalung National Park on the New South Wales North Coast Ecological Management & Restoration 7 (2) , 79–92
    29. Kleinjan, C.A.; &, J K. Scott., 1996. Selection of Cassida spp. from southern Africa for the biological control of Chrysanthemoides monilifera in Australia. Annals of Applied Biology 128 (3) , 373–385
    30. Laurence, J., pers. comm., 2008. John Laurence. Motuihe Trust chairman. Auckland. NZ.
    31. Manawa. 2004. Habitat restoration/biodiversity: Motuora - progress on planting year 2004.
    32. Mason, T.J., and French, K., 2007. Management regimes for a plant invader differentially impact resident communities. Biological Conservation Volume 136, Issue 2, April 2007, Pages 246-259
    33. Matarczyk, Julie A.; Willis, Anthony J.; Vranjic, John A.; Ash, Julian E., 2002. Herbicides, weeds and endangered species: Management of bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata) with glyphosate and impacts on the endangered shrub, Pimelea spicata. Biological Conservation. 108(2). December, 2002. 133-141.
    34. Scott, John K., 1996. Population Ecology of Chrysanthemiodes monilifera in South Africa: Implications for its Control in Australia. The Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 6. (Dec., 1996), pp. 1496-1508.
    37. Willies, A.J & J. Memmott., 2005. The potential for indirect effects between a weed, one of its biocontrol agents and native herbivores: A food web approach. Biological control: 2005 vol:35 iss:3 pg:299 -306
    39. Winks, Chris J.; Simon V. Fowler and Lindsay A. Smith., 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61-72 (December 2004)
    40. Wood, A. R. and P. W. Crous., 2005b. Epidemic increase of Endophyllum osteospermi (Uredinales, Pucciniaceae) on Chrysanthemoides monilifera. Biocontrol Science and Technology, Volume 15, Issue 2 March 2005 , pages 117 - 125
    41. Wood, A.R., 2002. Infection of Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera by the rust fungus Endophyllum osteospermi is associated with a reduction in vegetative growth and reproduction. Australasian Plant Pathology 2002. 31(4) 409 - 415
    42. Wood, Alan R., Crous, Pedro W., 2005a. Morphological and molecular characterization of Endophyllum species on perennial asteraceous plants in South Africa. Mycological Research: 2005 vol:109 pg:387 -400
    43. Wood, Alan, R., 2006. Preliminary host specificity testing of Endophyllum osteospermi (Uredinales, Pucciniaceae), a biological control agent against Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp monilifera. Biocontrol Science and Technology: 2006 vol:16 iss:5 pg:495 -507

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland