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   Ambrosia artemisiifolia (草本植物)  English   
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         管理信息

    预防措施:预防是控制杂草最具成本效益的方法。预防措施包括,保持健康的植被抑制猪草建立族群,检测和监视以及适当的土地管理,以防止侵扰(北威州, 2007),防止随着商业性农业种子传播(NWR, 2007)。应结合地区早期检测和监视,在感染开始时,用手拔除个别植群(C. Bohren.,pers.comm, 2007)。欧洲科学家在2008年发表一个行动呼吁,鼓励主管当局采取措施,以防止猪草在欧洲进一步传播和控制目前的侵袭(C. Bohren.,pers.comm, 2008)。

    请按照此连结控制猪草详细的物理,力学,生物,文化和综合的方法。 English   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Austria
    Recommended measures against A. artemisiifolia consist of raising awareness, prevention of introduction and further spread, surveillance and control measures (mechanical, chemical and biological control, as well as legal aspects). Application and choice of these measures depend on the level and location of the infestation (EPPO 2006).
    Beijing
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Canada
    Mowing and hand-pulling were tested to see if effective in eradicating ragweed. Neither method eradicated the species but did reduce the amount of seed produced. Herbicide treatments work well at killing the plant.
    Central China
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Croatia
    Zygogramma suturalis was released for biological control but failed to establish.
    Germany
    Recommended measures against A. artemisiifolia consist of raising awareness, prevention of introduction and further spread, surveillance and control measures (mechanical, chemical and biological control, as well as legal aspects). Application and choice of these measures depend on the level and location of the infestation (EPPO 2006).
    Hungary
    The "Interministerial Commission for a Ragweedfree Hungary" comprised of eight Hungarian ministries created a legal base for obligatory control of A. artemisiifolia and now cooperates with non-governmental organizations. Control is obligatory for each landowner before the flowering period. Landowners who do not comply can be fined between 20,000 and 5 million HUF (C. Bohren., pers.comm., 2008).
    Recommended measures against A. artemisiifolia consist of raising awareness, prevention of introduction and further spread, surveillance and control measures (mechanical, chemical and biological control, as well as legal aspects). Application and choice of these measures depend on the level and location of the infestation (EPPO 2006).
    Italy
    Recommended measures against A. artemisiifolia consist of raising awareness, prevention of introduction and further spread, surveillance and control measures (mechanical, chemical and biological control, as well as legal aspects). Application and choice of these measures depend on the level and location of the infestation (EPPO 2006).
    Japan
    Ophraella communa was accidentally introduced into Japan but feeds on common ragweed and started to spread rapidly. When the larvae population has exhausted the common ragweed it move to sunflower species nearby but prefers ragweed for oviposition.
    Krasnodarskiy kray
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable. Zygogramma suturalis was released for biological control and was able to control local populations of common ragweed.
    Liaoning
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    New South Wales
    A. artemisiifolia is classified as 'class 2' weed in Australia.
    Physical, chemical, cultural and biological controls have all been implemented as management options for ragweed in Australia. Ophraella communa, Tarachidia candefacta and Epiblema strenuana have all been released with varying success rates for control.
    North China
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Northeast China
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Primorskiy kray
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable. Zygogramma suturalis was released for biological control and was able to control local populations of common ragweed.
    Queensland
    A. artemisiifolia is classified as 'class 2' weed in Australia.
    Physical, chemical, cultural and biological controls have all been implemented as management options for ragweed in Australia. Ophraella communa, Tarachidia candefacta and Epiblema strenuana have all been released with varying success rates for control.
    Slovenia
    Recommended measures against A. artemisiifolia consist of raising awareness, prevention of introduction and further spread, surveillance and control measures (mechanical, chemical and biological control, as well as legal aspects). Application and choice of these measures depend on the level and location of the infestation (EPPO 2006).
    Southeastern China
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Switzerland
    Mowing and herbicide applications have been used for the control of ragweed depending on land use where it occurs. Publications have been released to homeowners on the impact of the species and how to control it in residential areas. Cultural management of crop rotation in conjunction with herbicide has also been used. A Swiss Ambrosia website (http://www.ambrosia.ch) with information in French, Italian and German has been launched.

    Common ragweed is subject to official control in Switzerland since the Department for Economic Affairs has declared it an obligation to control this species. The ordinance of plant protection was adapted in 2006 and demands a zero tolerance for this weed in agriculture (Bohren, 2006). Concerted actions of various disciplines at the onset of an invasion may reduce plant dispersal at a moderate cost (C. Bohren., pers.comm., 2007).

    United States (USA)
    Chemical and mechanical methods of control were used experimentally to see which methods eradicated the species best. Burning treatments worked but only if enough fuels were present for a complete burn. Herbicide treatments worked to kill back most of the population for control.
    Yangtze River
    A noctuid moth, Tarachidia candefacta and a stem galling tortricid moth, Epiblema strenuana, have both been released as biocontrols with establishment rates variable.
    Zygogramma suturalis was released for biological control in China but failed to establish. Cultural plantings or ornamentals and groundcovers worked well at preventing reestablishment of ragweed along roadways.


         管理资源 /链接

    1. Bohren, C., 2006, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.-in Switzerland: concerted action to prevent further spreading, Nachrichtenbl. Deut. Pflanzenschutzd., 58 (11), S.304-308, 2006, ISSN 0027-7479;
            摘要: The main source article cited for its relevance to introduction, spread, health, ecology, management options and legal aspects for the control efforts in Switzerland for common ragweed.
    2. Buttenschøn, Rita Merete; Stephanie Waldispühl and Christian Bohren, 2009. Guidelines for management of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia.
            摘要: The guidelines for management of common ragweed are based on the results of the project Strategies for Ambrosia control (AMBROSIA) funded by Euphresco 2008 – 2009. These guidelines are also available in 6 languages [Danish, English,French, German, Italian and Slovene] at the project homepage: EUPHRESCO project AMBROSIA 2008-09.
    English version available from: http://www.agrsci.dk/ambrosia/outputs/ambrosia_eng.pdf [Accessed 17 March 2010]
    Danish, French, German, Italian and Slovene versions can be downloaded from: http://www.agrsci.dk/ambrosia/outputs/guidelines.html [Accessed 17 March 2010]
    3. Dernovici, S.A., Teshler, M.P., & Watson, A.K., 2006, Is sunflower (Helianthus annuus) at risk to damage from Ophraella communa, a natural enemy of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)?, Biocontrol Science and Technology, Vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 669-686.
            摘要: A thorough article describing species of insect, beetles and moths, that are currently being explored as biological control agents of common ragweed. It also details the disadvantages to herbicide and mechanical treatment.
    4. Diang, J., Reardon, R., Wu, Y., Zheng, H., & Fu, Y., 2006, Biological control of invasive plants through collaboration between China and the United States of America: a perspective, Biological Invasions, Vol. 8, pp.1439-1450.
            摘要: A report on some of the current efforts in collaboration between the Chinese and American educational institutions to work on invasive species and biological control agents. Common ragweed was among the species mentioned and describes some of the risks to biological control as well as a few species attempted as control.
    7. Raynal, D.J., & Bazzaz, F.A., 1975, Interference of Winter Annuals with Ambrosia artemisiifolia in Early Successional Fields, Ecology, Vol. 56, pp. 35-49.
            摘要: A paper discussing the effect summer annuals have on the fall vegetative composition and how winter annuals can suppress summer annual weeds, including ragweed. It primarily discusses the ecology dynamics between ragweed and winter annuals, with management options on cultural practices that could further suppress ragweed.
    9. Vincent, G., Deslauriers, S., & Cloutier, D., Mar. 1992, Problems and eradication of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. in Quebec in the urban and suburban environments, Allerg Immunol (Paris), Vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 84-89.
            摘要: Mechanical and chemical control options for ragweed in urban and suburban environments. Its main options for control in these environments is through mechanical means.

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland