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   Eleutherodactylus coqui (兩棲動物)  English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         管理資訊

    預防措施:夏威夷已經禁止故意運送青蛙。(Kraus and Campbell, 2002)

    物理方法:當處理量小時,用手捕捉是一種成功的方法。(Kraus and Campbell, 2002)

    化學方法:正在開展田間試驗,評估使用直接噴射濃縮咖啡因和水,控制0.1 - 0.5公頃感染區的解決方案。如果這些試驗是成功的,希望夏威夷管理機構,能夠減少這些害蟲在地上傳播和潛在的影響。(Campbell et al.2002) 建議在被感染的植物上噴灑檸檬酸殺死 E. coqui蛋、幼蟲與成魚蟲(CTAHR, Undated),但還沒有實驗證據證明其效能。 English   



         管理資源 /鏈接

    3. Campbell, E.W., and F. Kraus. 2002. Neotropical frogs in Hawaii: status and management options for an unusual introduced pest. Pp. 316-318 in Timm, R.M., and R.H. Schmidt (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Vertebrate Pest Conference. Univ. of California Press, Davis, California.
    5. Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.
            摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
    The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011]
    The guidance document is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].
    7. Gee II, David E., pers. comm. 2006. Wildlife Biologist, Guam Division of Aquatic & Wildlife Resources and Guam team member of the Pacific Invasives Learning Network (PILN).
    9. Hara, Arnold H., Jacobsen, Christopher M., Marr, Shenandoah R. and Niino-DuPonte, Ruth Y., 2010. 'Hot water as a potential disinfestation treatment for an invasive anuran amphibian, the coqui frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas (Leptodactylidae), on potted plants', International Journal of Pest Management, 56: 3, 255 — 263
    12. Kraus, F., and E. Campbell. 2002. Human-mediated escalation of a formerly eradicable problem: The invasion of Caribbean frogs in the Hawaiian Islands. Biological Invasions 4(3): 327-332
            摘要: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
    13. Kraus, F., E. W. Campbell, A. Allison, AND T. Pratt. 1999. Eleutherodactylus frog introductions to Hawaii. Herpetological Review 30:21–25.

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland