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   Eleutherodactylus coqui (两栖动物)  English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    预防措施:夏威夷已经禁止故意运送青蛙。(Kraus and Campbell, 2002)

    物理方法:当处理量小时,用手捕捉是一种成功的方法。(Kraus and Campbell, 2002)

    化学方法:正在开展田间试验,评估使用直接喷射浓缩咖啡因和水,控制0.1 - 0.5公顷感染区的解决方案。如果这些试验是成功的,希望夏威夷管理机构,能够减少这些害虫在地上传播和潜在的影响。(Campbell et al.2002) 建议在被感染的植物上喷洒柠檬酸杀死 E. coqui蛋、幼虫与成鱼虫 (CTAHR, Undated) ,但还没有实验证据证明其效能。 English   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Guam
    A single individual Eleutherodactylus coqui was discovered and destroyed in 2004. Since the E. coqui "Listen Up Guam" hotline began in 30 March 2005, more than 500 calls have been received. It is thought that the absence of E. coqui in Guam is largely due to Guam’s Import Protocol for live plants from Hawaii. One salamander (Ambystoma gracile) and one frog (Pseudacris regilla) have been intercepted in shipments of Christmas trees, and one brown anole (Norops sagrei) was found in a shipment of live plants at the plant inspection station in May 2006. To date, 13 introduced frog species have been discovered on Guam:
    • Bufo marinus*(1937) (Anon. 1940; Chernin 1979)
    • Eleutherodactylus coqui** (2004)
    • Eleutherodactylus planirostris* (2003)
    • Fejervarya cancrivora* (2003)
    • Fejervarya limnocharis* (2003)
    • Kaloula pulchra** (2000? – ask USDA)
    • Kaloula picta** (1992) (McCoid 1993)
    • Litoria fallax* (1968) (Eldredge 1988)
    • Microhyla pulchra*** (2004)
    • Polypedates leucomystax** (2000) (Wiles 2000)
    • Polypedates megacephalus* (2004)
    • Pseudacris regilla** (1993 and 2005)
    • Rana guentheri* (2003)
    Key:
    * Established (7)
    ** Discovered and destroyed (5)
    *** Status unknown (1)
    Hawaii
    Until recently, the only legal method in Hawaii for the control of frogs was hand capture, which is ineffective for large populations. For small populations it can be successful, especially if used with a taped recording of the frogs call to attract males. More recently, permission has been given to hand-spray caffeine for E. coqui control (Kraus and Campbell, 2002).


         管理资源 /链接

    3. Campbell, E.W., and F. Kraus. 2002. Neotropical frogs in Hawaii: status and management options for an unusual introduced pest. Pp. 316-318 in Timm, R.M., and R.H. Schmidt (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Vertebrate Pest Conference. Univ. of California Press, Davis, California.
    5. Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.
            摘要: The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
    The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011]
    The guidance document is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].
    7. Gee II, David E., pers. comm. 2006. Wildlife Biologist, Guam Division of Aquatic & Wildlife Resources and Guam team member of the Pacific Invasives Learning Network (PILN).
    9. Hara, Arnold H., Jacobsen, Christopher M., Marr, Shenandoah R. and Niino-DuPonte, Ruth Y., 2010. 'Hot water as a potential disinfestation treatment for an invasive anuran amphibian, the coqui frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas (Leptodactylidae), on potted plants', International Journal of Pest Management, 56: 3, 255 — 263
    12. Kraus, F., and E. Campbell. 2002. Human-mediated escalation of a formerly eradicable problem: The invasion of Caribbean frogs in the Hawaiian Islands. Biological Invasions 4(3): 327-332
            摘要: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
    13. Kraus, F., E. W. Campbell, A. Allison, AND T. Pratt. 1999. Eleutherodactylus frog introductions to Hawaii. Herpetological Review 30:21–25.

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ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland