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   Herpestes auropunctatus (哺乳动物) English  français   
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         一般影响

    印度小猫鼬(Herpestes javanicus)对引入区域的原生物种产生重大影响。在大多数情况下,这些本土野生动物的生活环境中没有掠食哺乳动物,因此他们特别容易受到猫鼬捕食威胁。物种被认为是已经趋于灭绝猫鼬捕食是斑翅秧鸡─ (请参阅Nesoclopeus poecilopterus在 IUCN 红皮书 ) 在斐济与波多黎各游蛇 ( Alsophis melanichnus).(Hays and Conant, 2007) 极度濒危、几乎灭绝牙买加海燕类 (请参阅Pterodroma caribbaea在 IUCN 红皮书 ) 在可能由于的 19 世纪数量遽减被猫鼬与老鼠 (Birdlife International 2004) 捕食. 猫鼬也已经被证实与许多其它鸟类、爬虫动物与哺乳动物的族群下降有关。猫鼬也吃无脊椎动物,但是对无脊椎动物族群的影响,还没有被研究。在美属维京群岛的圣约翰岛 H. javanicus是玳瑁海龟蛋的主要捕食者─ (请参阅Eretmochelys imbricata在 IUCN 红皮书 ) 与在脆弱海滩周围的设下陷井,导致海龟的繁殖成功率大增。(Coblentz 与 Coblentz, 1985) 模里西斯的猫鼬已经证实是造成猎鸟与海鸥类( Puffinus l'herminieri) 的灭绝的元凶,以及造成特有濒危的粉红鸽子族群下降的帮凶。(请参阅Nesoenas mayeri在 IUCN 红皮书 ).(Roy et al.2002) 在日本此物种已经被显示有一个在濒危的 Amami 兔子上的强烈负面效应 (请参阅Pentalagus furnessi在 IUCN 红皮书 ).(Watari et al.2008) 小印度的猫鼬也是狂犬病的一个病媒体。



         地点特有的影响:
    British Virgin Islands English 
    捕食: The small Indian mongoose has caused the near-extinction of the ground-nesting quail dove (Geotrygon mystacea) in the British Virgin Islands. A study by Small (1982) in the Virgin Islands National Park, showed that 23% of the eggs and hatchlings of 'Critically Endangered (CR)' hawkesbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) were destroyed by mongooses (SPREP, 2000).
    Viti Levu Is. (Fiji) English 
    捕食: Mongooses are believed to be largely responsible for the extirpation of the two largest skink, Emoia nigra and E. trossula from two of the largest Fijian islands, Viti Levu and Vanua levu. The species which are still to be found on mongoose free islands, disappeared from these islands a few years after the arrival of the mongoose (Hays and Conant 2007). There is circumstantial evidence for implicating the small Indian mongooses in the decline of several species of ground-dwelling birds (Pernetta and Watling 1978); four birds, the 'Least Concern (LC)' buff-banded rail (Gallirallus philippensis), the 'Least Concern (LC)' Spotless crake (Porzana tabuensis), white-browed rail Poliolimnas cinereus and the purple swamp hen (Porphyrio porphyrio which are present on mongoose free islands were extirpated from Fijian islands where mongoose are present (Hays and Conant 2007).
    Fiji English 
    捕食: Small Indian mongooses are believed to be largely responsible for the extirpation of the two largest skinks, Emoia nigra and E. trossula from two of the largest Fijian islands, Viti Levu and Vanua levu. The species which are still to be found on mongoose free islands, disappeared from these islands a few years after the arrival of the mongoose (Hays and Conant 2007).
    Grenada English 
    捕食: Chapter III of the 'Inventory and status of the natural and cultural resource base of the The National Parks and Protected Areas System Plan' reports that Garman's ground lizard - Ameiva ameiva or zaggada, a handsome blue coloured lizard, (male) now found only in Grenada and the Grenadines was almost brought to extinction by the mongoose. The red-humped agouti (Dasyprocta liporina) is extinct on the Island due to overhunting and the aggressive mongoose (Beresford Wilcox, Pers. Comm.)
    Fajou Is. (Guadeloupe) English 
    捕食: The small Indian mongoose eradication and the sharp decline in the ship rat population, ended the destruction of the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' hawksbill turtle nests (Eretmochelys imbricata), and led to a re-colinisation of the dryer parts of the island by the clapper rail (Rallus longirostris), which had been strictly confined to the mangroves. The abundance indicies of the clapper rail and the terresrial crab Cardisoma guanhumi increased. More data is required to test the actual relationship between these increases and the reduction in alien mammal populations (Lorvelec et al. 2004).
    Amami Is. (Japan) English 
    农业: The small Indian mongoose has a large impact on crops (taro, sweet potato, melon, watermelon, loquat, etc.) and poultry in farmland. The economic cost of the damage rapidly in-creased in 1994 (USD7000), 1995 (USD32,000), 1996 (USD64,000), 1997 (USD110,000), 1998 (USD100,000) and 1999 (USD80,000).

    捕食: The small Indian mongoose has had a predatory impact on native animals in the mountainous areas of the island where it has spread since 1986. Threatened native species that have been recorded in the diet of the mongoose include: the 'Endangered (EN)' Ryukyu rat (Diplothrix legatus); the 'Endangered (EN)' Ryukyu spiny rat (Tokudaia osimensis); the 'Endangered (EN)' Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi); the 'Endangered (EN)' Ryukyu woodcock (Scolopax mira; the 'Vulnerable (VU)' Amami jay (Garrulus lidthi); the 'Near threatened' (NT) Ryukyu robin (Erithacus komadori); reptiles Japalura polygonata, Barbour's Eyelid Skink (Eumeces barbouri), Calliophis japonicus japonicus, Cyclophiops semicarinatus; and the mammal Crocidura horsfieldii watasei (Yamada, 2002).
    Hawaii (United States (USA)) English 
    威胁濒危物种: Small Indian mongooses are known to eat the young of the now 'Extinct in the Wild (EW)' Hawaiian crow (see Corvus hawaiiensis) (Giffen 1983 in Stone 1984) and both eggs and incubating females of the 'Vulnerable (VU)' Nene goose (Branta sandvicensis) (Banko 1982). Mongooses have had severe negative impacts on the the US Endangered Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis) (Baldwin et al 1952) (SPREP, 2000).
    The Draft Revised Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Forest Birds by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reports that 21 taxa of endemic birds are threatened in Hawaii. Predation is one of the causes and the mongoose is listed as one of the several predators.
    Virgin Islands, USA English 
    捕食: Small Indian mongooses caused the near-extinction of the ground-nesting quail dove (Geotrygon mystacea). A study by Small (1982) in the Virgin Islands National Park, showed that 23% of the eggs and hatchlings of 'Critically Endangered (CR)' hawkesbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) were destroyed by mongooses (SPREP, 2000).



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland