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   Ficus rubiginosa (喬木, 灌木) English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         一般影響

    氣候合適時,鏽葉榕(Ficus rubiginosa)容易生長在樹木上和城市地區的基礎設施,以及農村地區的樹木和岩石區。它可以在森林演替的任何階段入侵,不論有無干擾。它沒有季節性,大量生長後會嚴重影響食果動物行為和數量變化。

    在紐西蘭,鏽葉榕(Ficus rubiginosa)缺乏天敵,報告說,負鼠不會吃它(Gardner and Early, 1996)。吉爾曼和Watson(1993)報告說:在美國大陸,夏威夷,其果實並不能吸引野生動物,但儘管如此,斯塔爾等人(2003)的報告,有一些鳥類會食用其果實和傳播種子。這些特點以及此物種迅速達到大規模的能力,使人擔心鏽葉榕(Ficus rubiginosa)可能會入侵澳大利亞和太平洋地區的森林棲息地影響原生植物族群(Gardner and Early, 1996;PIER, 2005)。此外,此物種自然分佈內部和外部的城市地區,可能經由觀賞種植入侵,造成毀壞樹木和城市基礎設施(麥克弗森 1999, 2004)。




         地點特有的影響:
    east coast (Australia) (Australia) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    New South Wales (Australia) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    Queensland (Australia) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    Melbourne (Australia) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    New Zealand English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Bay of Plenty Region (New Zealand) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Hawke's Bay Region (New Zealand) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Maui Is. (United States (USA)) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Oahu Is. (United States (USA)) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Hawaii (United States (USA)) English 
    傷害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改變演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生態系統變化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    經濟 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多樣性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland