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   Ficus rubiginosa (乔木, 灌木) English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         一般影响

    气候合适时,锈叶榕(Ficus rubiginosa)容易生长在树木上和城市地区的基础设施,以及农村地区的树木和岩石区。它可以在森林演替的任何阶段入侵,不论有无干扰。它没有季节性,大量生长后会严重影响食果动物行为和数量变化。

    在纽西兰,锈叶榕(Ficus rubiginosa)缺乏天敌,报告说,负鼠不会吃它(Gardner and Early, 1996)。吉尔曼和Watson(1993)报告说:在美国大陆,夏威夷,其果实并不能吸引野生动物,但尽管如此,斯塔尔等人(2003)的报告,有一些鸟类会食用其果实和传播种子。这些特点以及此物种迅速达到大规模的能力,使人担心锈叶榕(Ficus rubiginosa)可能会入侵澳大利亚和太平洋地区的森林栖息地影响原生植物族群(Gardner and Early, 1996;PIER, 2005)。此外,此物种自然分布内部和外部的城市地区,可能经由观赏种植入侵,造成毁坏树木和城市基础设施(麦克弗森 1999, 2004)。




         地点特有的影响:
    east coast (Australia) (Australia) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    New South Wales (Australia) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    Queensland (Australia) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    Melbourne (Australia) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure
    New Zealand English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Bay of Plenty Region (New Zealand) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Hawke's Bay Region (New Zealand) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Maui Is. (United States (USA)) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Oahu Is. (United States (USA)) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.
    Hawaii (United States (USA)) English 
    伤害宿主: As a strangler fig, F. rubiginosa will frequently damage or kill its support plant (phorophyte).

    改变演化模式: As a lithophyte, F. rubiginosa may replace native plants such as Metrosideros spp. in early successional communities. As a long lived species it would prevent later successional phases occuring. Further, as a hemi-epiphyte, F. rubiginosa is capable of invading a forest or woodland community at any successional phase.

    生态系统变化: As a 'keystone' species for frugivores due to its asynchronous fruiting pattern, F. rubiginosa naturalization may introduce a new suite of frugivores or dramatically change the behaviour and abundance of native frugivores.

    经济 /民生: As a potentially huge lithophyte, F. rubiginosa requires a strict control regime or it can inflict serious damage on urban infrastructure

    降低本地生物多样性: As a strangler, F. rubiginosa is capable of replacing native trees in undisturbed forest, potentially reducing the specific diversity of the forest, and reducing the proportion of native trees in the forest.



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland