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   Solanum mauritianum (喬木, 灌木) English  français   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         一般影響

    可侵入市區,原始森林邊緣,牧區的土地。可形成緻密的植群妨礙其他物種的生長,經由排擠和遮蔭(阿萊, 1997)。會延緩年輕松樹(松屬)的生長(威爾迪, 2002)。所有部位都是對人類有毒的,尤其是綠色漿果(ESC, 2003)。這些漿果還提供地中海和誇祖魯,納塔爾果蠅的過冬食物,這是園藝有害植物。葉片上的細毛會是一個麻煩,尤其是在移除行動時(威爾迪, 2002)。



         地點特有的影響:
    Queensland (Australia) English 
    農業: Seriously reduces pasture carrying capacities.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋擾人類: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干擾: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Bay of Plenty Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干擾: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Hawke's Bay Region (New Zealand) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋擾人類: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干擾: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Waikato Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干擾: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Wellington Region (New Zealand) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋擾人類: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Saint Helena English 
    降低本地生物多樣性: Solanum mauritianum adversely affects indigenous vegetation on the central ridge (Ashmole and Ashmole, 2000 in Varnham, 2006).
    South Africa English 
    其他: Retards growth of new pine trees.

    滋擾人類: Grows rapidly impeding access to forests.

    物理干擾: Replaces indigenous species.

    與其他入侵物種相互作用: The fruits provide winter feeding for the Mediterranean and KZN fruit fly, which are pests in orchards.
    Eastern Cape (South Africa) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Gauteng (South Africa) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    競爭: Competes with establishing seedlings in forestry plantations
    Mpumalanga (South Africa) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    競爭: Competes with establishing seedlings in forestry plantations
    North West (South Africa) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Northern (SA) (South Africa) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Western Cape (South Africa) English 
    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Hhohho (Swaziland) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Lubombo (Swaziland) English 
    改變水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改變演化模式: Replaces native vegetation



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland