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   Solanum mauritianum (乔木, 灌木) English  français   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         一般影响

    可侵入市区,原始森林边缘,牧区的土地。可形成致密的植群妨碍其它物种的生长,经由排挤和遮荫(阿莱, 1997)。会延缓年轻松树(松属)的生长(威尔迪, 2002)。所有部位都是对人类有毒的,尤其是绿色浆果(ESC, 2003)。这些浆果还提供地中海和夸祖鲁,纳塔尔果蝇的过冬食物,这是园艺有害植物。叶片上的细毛会是一个麻烦,尤其是在移除行动时(威尔迪, 2002)。



         地点特有的影响:
    Queensland (Australia) English 
    农业: Seriously reduces pasture carrying capacities.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋扰人类: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Auckland Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干扰: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Bay of Plenty Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干扰: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Hawke's Bay Region (New Zealand) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋扰人类: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Northland Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干扰: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Waikato Region (New Zealand) English 
    物理干扰: Can form dense stands, crowding out and suppressing all other plants.
    Wellington Region (New Zealand) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    滋扰人类: Causes irritation of skin and respiratory tract and sometimes nausea when handled. Berries are also toxic.
    Saint Helena English 
    降低本地生物多样性: Solanum mauritianum adversely affects indigenous vegetation on the central ridge (Ashmole and Ashmole, 2000 in Varnham, 2006).
    South Africa English 
    与其它入侵物种相互作用: The fruits provide winter feeding for the Mediterranean and KZN fruit fly, which are pests in orchards.

    其它: Retards growth of new pine trees.

    滋扰人类: Grows rapidly impeding access to forests.

    物理干扰: Replaces indigenous species.
    Eastern Cape (South Africa) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Gauteng (South Africa) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    竞争: Competes with establishing seedlings in forestry plantations
    Mpumalanga (South Africa) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation

    竞争: Competes with establishing seedlings in forestry plantations
    North West (South Africa) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Northern (SA) (South Africa) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Western Cape (South Africa) English 
    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Hhohho (Swaziland) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation
    Lubombo (Swaziland) English 
    改变水文: Contributes to excessive water use in riparian zones

    改变演化模式: Replaces native vegetation



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland