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   Macaca fascicularis (哺乳动物) English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         一般影响

    长尾猴利用竞争环境的资源以及掠夺鸡蛋和幼鸡的行为对于原生的植物及动物群有着负面的冲击。牠们会和原生鸟类竞争资源例如原生果实。牠们帮助散布被引进的物种。牠们也因为掠夺许多种类的水果及蔬菜被视为是对农作物有害的物种,已有续多报告显示牠们对人类的都会设施造成侵略性的影响。长尾猴也带有对人类可能造成潜在性致命的疾病(即 B病毒)。



         地点特有的影响:
    Hong Kong English 
    杂交: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) may hybridise with M. mulatta in Hong Kong.

    滋扰人类: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are disturbing visitors to local parks in Hong Kong, such as Kam Shan, Lion Rock, Shing Mun Country Parks and Tai Po Kau Nature Reserve.
    Papua (Irian Jaya) (Indonesia) English 
    与其它入侵物种相互作用: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) have the potential to aid the spread of alien plant species including Passiflora spp.

    农业: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) raid crops in Papua – cassava, maize, beans, peanut, papaya, banana, sweet potato, mango, young coconut, pineapple, breadfruit and jackfruit. Some of these crops are no longer planted by farmers, due to the significant loss of yield caused by macaques.

    竞争: Possibly as a result of the competitive pressures exerted by crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) for food resources, many species appear to have lower numbers and diversity in areas inhabited by macaques. These include birds from the families Columbidae (pigeons), Psittacidae (parrots), Paradisaeidae (birds of paradise) and Podarigidae (frogmouths), as well as small reptiles and large mammals (especially Phalangeridae)

    经济 /民生: The impact on rural economies is significant in the already poor region. For a plot of farmland of less than 100 hectares in size, annual losses of US$3500 can be incurred due to the activity and feeding habits of crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) .
    Mauritius English 
    与其它入侵物种相互作用: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are one of the main dispersers of introduced plants in Mauritius, contributing to degradation of Mauritian ecosystems. Macaques have helped spread the strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) and the large fruit production of the guava helps sustain macaque populations. Outside of the guava fruiting season, macaques rely on native plants for food.

    农业: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) dig up and eat new shoots of sugar cane as well as ripe cane. They also cause damage to crops of cabbage, watermelon, maize, potatoes, pumpkins, pepper, tomatoes and pineapples. They cause US$1.5 to 3 million in damage per year.

    吃草: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) destroy the fruit of native plant species.

    威胁濒危物种: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) is known to prey on the eggs and chicks of endangered forest birds such as the pink pigeon (see Columba mayeri in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) and Mauritius fody (see Foudia rubra in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species). They may also prey on nesting female birds and may have contributed to the extinction of a large parrot (see Lophopsittacus mauritianus in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) and scops owl (Scops commersoni).
    Rats and M. fascicularis were found to be the main nest predators of Mauritian fody during the non-breeding and breeding seasons in the Black River Gorges National Park, according to a study which used photographs and field signs for identification purposes. Rats were found to be responsible for 54% of all predation events and macaques for 37% (9% remaining unidentified). During the breeding season predation by macaques increased, with macaque predation accounting for 41% of all predation events and rat predation accounting for 49% (10% remaining unidentified) (Carter and Bright, 2002).

    竞争: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) consume and damage unripe native fruits thus competing for food with native birds.
    Angaur Is. (Palau) English 
    与其它入侵物种相互作用: Palau is home to over 106 alien plant species, and it is probable that crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) help to disperse these.

    农业: Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) destroy cultivated crops.



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland