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   Dreissena polymorpha (mollusc)  English     
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      Zebra mussels attached to aquatic plants (Photo: C. Ramcharan) - Click for full size   Dreissena polymorpha encrusted water meter in Lake Michigan (Photo: M. McCormick, via WikiMedia) - Click for full size   Dreissena polymorpha  (Photo: U.S. Geological Survey Archive, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org) - Click for full size   Zebra mussels on the lower unit of an inboard/outboard engine (Photo: S. Krynock) - Click for full size   Dreissena polymorpha (Photo: Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org) - Click for full size
    Nom taxonomique: Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771)
    Synonymes: Mytilus hagenii, Mytilus polymorpha Pallas 1771, Mytilus polymorphus (Pallas), Tichogonia chemnitzii (Rossm.)
    Noms communs: Dreiecksmuschel (German-Germany), Dreikantmuschel (German-Germany), dreisena (Lithuanian-Lithuania), Eurasian zebra mussel (English), moule zebra (French), racicznica zmienna (Poland), Schafklaumuschel (German-Germany), svitraina gliemene (Latvian-Latvia), tavaline ehk muutlik rändkarp (Estonian-Estonia), vaeltajasimpukka (Finnish-Finland), vandremusling (Danish-Denmark), vandringsmussla (Swedish-Sweden), wandering mussel (English), Wandermuschel (German-Germany, Austria), zebra mussel (English), zebra mussel (Swedish-Sweden), Zebramuschel (German-Germany), Zebra-Muschel (German)
    Type d'organisme: mollusc
    Se rencontre dans:
    cours d'eau, estuaires, lacs, zones urbaines
    Utilisations
    Bioindicator: Due to its sensitivity to anthropogenic influences Dreissena is important as a bioindicator and biomonitoring organism (Franz 1992, in Birnbaum 2006), and quantitative assessments have been conducted regularly since the 1960s in the context of water quality surveys (e.g. in the Rhine) (Schiller 1990, in Birnbaum 2006).

    Products: Crushed shells of the zebra mussel can be used as fertiliser and poultry feed (Birnbaum 2006). Zebra mussels have been used as fishing bait and for fish meal production (DAISIE 2006).

    Cette espèce figure sur la liste de l’UICN des 100 espèces parmi les plus envahissantes au monde
    Révisé par: J. Ellen Marsden, Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont,Burlington, USA.
    Compilé par: Profile revision: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
    Dernière mise à jour: Tuesday, 22 September 2009


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland