Taxonomic name: Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn.
Synonyms: Antigonon cinerascens M.Martens & Galeotti, Antigonon cordatum M.Martens & Galeotti, Antigonon platypus Hook. & Arn., Corculum leptopum (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz, Corculum leptopus (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz
Common names: antigone (French-Reunion (La Réunion)), antigone à pied grêle (French), chain-of-love (English), confederate vine (English), coral bells (English), coral vine (English), corallita (English), dilngau ( Palau), flores ka'dena (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), hearts on a chain (English), kadena de amor, liane antigone (French-Reunion (La Réunion)), love-vine (English), Mexican creeper (English), mountain rose (English), queen's jewels (English), rohsapoak ( Pohnpei), Sandwich Island creeper (English-India)
Organism type: vine, climber
Antigonon leptopus is a smothering vine that invades disturbed areas and forest edges. It produces many seeds, which are spread by water currents and animals that consume the fruit. It has become invasive in some Pacific Islands, and is naturalised in many other parts of the Pacific.
Antigonon leptopus is a "Robust vine growing to 10m long or more; petioles 0.6-1.5cm long; leaf blades 2.5-7.5 (10)cm long, cordate-ovate, hastate-ovate, or triangular, prominent reticulately veined, acutish to acuminate (and often apiculate), the lower ones much larger; inflorescence paniculate, the branches bearing flowers in clusters along the rachis, the rachis tip tendrillate; flowers bright pink or white, enlarging 1-4 (5)cm long; achenes conical, sharply 3-angled above, calyx 6mm long, much exceeded by the veiny, persistent, enlarged perianth." (Welsh, 1998, in PIER, 2009)
ruderal/disturbed, urban areas
Prefers dry to moist lowland areas and limestone (basic) soils (PIER, 2009).
Antigonon leptopus is a smothering vine that invades disturbed areas and forest edges, (PIER, 2009).
Extensively invading disturbed areas and forest edges on the northern half of Guam; much less so on Saipan, Tinian and Yap. Although only a few cultivated plants were noted on Pohnpei, it is apparently not a recent introduction, as it was noted in cultivation by Glassman (1952, in PIER, 2009). Invasive in the Virgin Islands (Fred Kraus, communication to Aliens Listserver, in PIER, 2009). Often escapes cultivation, (PIER, 2009).
Native range: Mexico, now common in tropical and warm countries.
Known introduced range: American Samoa , Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Galapagos Islands, Guam, Hawai‘i, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Midway Island, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Island, Samoa , Tonga.
Introduction pathways to new locations
Internet sales/postal services: (Plantseed.com, no date)
Local dispersal methods
Consumption/excretion: Fruits and seeds are eaten and spread by domestic and wild animals such as birds and pigs. (PIER, 2002)
Garden escape/garden waste: Often escapes cultivation. (PIER, 2003)
Water currents: Seeds float on water, which helps transport them to new locations (PIER, 2002).
Prolific seed producer. Seeds float on water, which helps transport them to new locations. Fruits and seeds are eaten and spread by domestic and wild animals such as birds and pigs, (PIER, 2009).
Compiled by: IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Tuesday, 28 September 2010