Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S. Johnson
Synonyms: Cytisus monspessulanus L., Cytisus monspessulanus var. umbellulatus (Webb) Briq., Teline candicans var. umbellulatus Webb & Berthel., Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch
Common names: Canary broom, Cape broom, French broom, Montpellier broom, Montpellierbrem (Afrikaans), soft broom
Organism type: shrub
The evergreen shrub Genista monspessulana, commonly known as French broom or Cape broom is capable of forming dense thickets in native vegetation, on grazing land, roadsides etc. These dense infestations can exclude native species. They are toxic to cattle if grazed excessively. French broom also increase fire fuel-loads in agricultural areas and in native vegetation. Fire stimulates seed germination by breaking the dormancy of soil-stored seed resulting in dense recruitment of seedlings. A small percentage of seeds are also capable of germinating on exposure to suitable temperature and soil moisture conditions. This variation in seed dormancy and germination increases the difficulty of control.
agricultural areas, range/grasslands, ruderal/disturbed, scrub/shrublands, urban areas
Native range: Africa: Northern Africa- Algeria and Morocco; Temperate Asia: Western Asia- Turkey, Lebanon; Caucasus: Georgia; Europe:
Southeastern Europe- Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Southwestern Europe- France [Corsica]; Portugal; Spain (USDA-ARS, 2011) .
Known introduced range: United States- California, Orgeon and Washington (USDA-NRCS, 2011) Hawaii (USDA-ARS, 2011) ; Portugal: Azores; Pacific: Hawaii; Northern Europe: United Kingdom; South America (USDA-ARS, 2011)
Compiled by: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
Last Modified: Wednesday, 27 April 2011