Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Synonyms: Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britt., Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britton, Sansevieria guineensis (L.) Willd., Sansevieria metallica Horton ex Gerome & Labroy, Sansevieria thyrsiflora Thunb.
Common names: African bowstring hemp, bowstring hemp, iguanatail
Organism type: succulent
Sansevieria hyacinthioides is an extremely durable, and tough rhizomatous perennial. S. hyacinthioides has escaped in Florida, where it is listed by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council as a Category II invasive exotic. On the Cayman Islands where it is introduced forms a dense groundcover which can inhibit native herbaceous species.
Native range: South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Southern Africa: Namibia, South Africa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal (USDA, ARS, 2010)
Known introduced range: Florida (USDA, NRCS, 2010); Cayman Islands, Anguilla (Varnham 2010)
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of Sansevieria hyacinthoides for Florida in the USA returned a high score of 14 with a recommendation to 'reject' the plant for import. S. hyacinthioides have escaped in Florida, where it is listed by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council as a Category II invasive exotic.
Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Wednesday, 10 November 2010