Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Anolis porcatus Gray, 1840
Synonyms: Anolis carolinensis porcatus Gray 1845: 201, Anolis porcatus aracelyae Flaschendrager 2002, Anolis porcatus aracelyae Perez-Beato 1996, Anolis porcatus Barbour 1904: 57, Anolis porcatus Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 317, Anolis porcatus Gray 1840: 112, Anolis porcatus Nicholson et al. 2005, Anolis porcatus Rodriguez Schettino 1999: 207, Anolis principalis porcatus Cope 1887: 437
Common names: Cuban green anole (English)
Organism type: reptile
The Cuban green anole, Anolis porcatus is thought to have been unintentionally introduced to the Domincan Republic. There have been signs of competition with the native A. chlorocyanus. While A. porcatus is most likely to displace A. chlorocyanus from disturbed or urban environments where it is most successful, it is thought that A. chlorocyanus will be able to persist in more complex, natural environments.
Anolis porcatus is a long-headed, medium sized anole with a purplish-pink dewlap (Collette, 1961).
natural forests, ruderal/disturbed, urban areas
Anolis porcatus is a ubiquitous species in its native range of Cuba, being found in all habitats except open areas and deep woodlands (Collette, 1961). It is thought to be a species that prefers forest edge habitats. Increasing human-caused habitat fragmentation on Cuba is thought to have contributed to its great abundance there (Collette, 1961). In its introduced range, found on trees A. porcatus appears to be most successful in significantly disturbed habitats, such as along streets or in small parks and other areas of intense human activity (Powell et al., 1988).
In the Dominican Republic, there are signs that Anolis porcatus competes with the endemic and ecologically similar A. chlorocyanus (Powell et al., 1988).
Two subspecies are recognised Anolis porcatus aracelyae Perez-Beato 1996 and Anolis porcatus porcatus Gray 1840 (Reptiles Database 2010).
Native range: Cuba and satellite islands (Powell et al., 1988).
Known introduced range: Dominican Republic (Powell et al., 1988).
Introduction pathways to new locations
Ignorant possession: Anolic porcatus is thought to have been introduced to the Dominican Republic from Cuba via unintentional transport during the "World's Fair" in 1955 (Williams, 1977; in Powell et al., 1988).
Seafreight (container/bulk): Anolic porcatus is thought to have been introduced to the Dominican Republic from Cuba via unintentional transport during the "World's Fair" in 1955 (Williams, 1977; in Powell et al., 1988).
Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Wednesday, 7 July 2010