Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Vulpia bromoides (L.) S.F. Gray
Synonyms: Bromus dertonensis All., Festuca bromoides L., Festuca dertonensis (All.) Asch. & Graebn., Vulpia dertonensis (All.) Gola
Common names: barren fescue, brome fescue, brome six-weeks grass, cevadinha-braba (Portuguese), desert fescue, festuca-cevadinha (Portuguese), pasto de sedilla (Spanish), rat's tail fescue, silkygrass, silver grass, squirreltail fescue, vulpie faux brome (French)
Organism type: grass
Vulpia bromoides Is an annual weed of native grasslands and pastures in temperate climates of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Weedy annual grasses can reduce biodiversity on native grasslands, impede their restoration, and alter ecosystem processes. As a pasture weed, V. bromoides reduces productivity of grasslands; it has low palatability, and its seeds can damage hides and fleece of grazing animals. It readily invade wherever disturbance occurs. Integrated management which combines pasture rest, herbicide treatment and fertilizer application is shown to reduce seed production and improve control.
agricultural areas, coastland, range/grasslands, ruderal/disturbed, scrub/shrublands, wetlands
Native range: Africa, temperate Asia, Europe (USDA-ARS, 2010)
Known introduced range: Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, Mascarenes, Azores (USDA-ARS, 2010); United States including Hawaii, Canada, Puerto Rico (USDA-NRCS, 2010); India (Ahamed et al 2006); Tristan da Cunha & Inaccessible Is. (Wace a& Holdgate 1958; Tristan Island Government 2006), Falklands Islands (Broughton & McAdam 2002), Kerguelan Islands, Amsterdam Islands (Frenot et al 2005).
Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Tuesday, 8 June 2010