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   Salmo trutta (poisson)  English     
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      Salmo trutta  (Photo: Wikimedia Commons, Eric Engbretson for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) - Click for full size   Salmo trutta  (Photo: Wikimedia Commons) - Click for full size   Salmo trutta (Photo: Dave Fuller, Montana Fish, Parks and Wildlife, USA) - Click for full size   Salmo trutta (Photo: Noel M. Burkhead) - Click for full size   Salmo trutta (Photo: SAREP) - Click for full size
    Nom taxonomique: Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758
    Synonymes: Fario argenteus Valenciennes, 1848, Salar ausonii parcepunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858, Salar ausonii semipunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858, Salar ausonii Valenciennes, 1848, Salar bailloni Valenciennes, 1848, Salar gaimardi Valenciennes, 1848, Salar spectabilis Valenciennes, 1848, Salmo albus Bonnaterre, 1788, Salmo albus Walbaum, 1792, Salmo brachypoma Günther, 1866, Salmo caecifer Parnell, 1838, Salmo cambricus Donovan, 1806, Salmo caspius Kessler, 1877, Salmo cornubiensis Walbaum, 1792, Salmo cumberland Lacepède, 1803, Salmo eriox Linnaeus, 1758, Salmo fario loensis Walbaum, 1792, Salmo fario major Walecki, 1863, Salmo gadoides Lacepède, 1803, Salmo gallivensis Günther, 1866, Salmo islayensis Thomson, 1873, Salmo lacustris septentrionalis Fatio, 1890, Salmo levenensis Yarrell, 1839, Salmo mistops Günther, 1866 , Salmo montana Walker, 1812, Salmo orcadensis Günther, 1866, Salmo orientalis McClelland, 1842, Salmo phinoc Shaw, 1804, Salmo polyosteus Günther, 1866, Salmo saxatilis Paula Schrank, 1798, Salmo spurius Pallas, 1814, Salmo stroemii Gmelin, 1788, Salmo sylvaticus Gmelin, 1788, Salmo taurinus Walker, 1812, Salmo trutta abanticus Tortonese, 1954, Salmo trutta ciscaucasicus Dorofeyeva, 1967, Salmo trutta ezenami (non Berg, 1948), Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1761, Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1759, Trutta fluviatilis Duhamel, 1771, Trutta marina Duhamel, 1771, Trutta marina Moreau, 1881, Trutta salmanata Ström, 1784, Trutta salmonata Rutty, 1772
    Noms communs: an breac geal (Gaelic, Irish), aure (Norwegian), bachforelle (German), blacktail (English), breac geal (Gaelic, Irish), brook trout (English), brown trout (English), denizalabaligi (Turkish), denizalasi (Turkish), Europäische Forelle (German), finnock (English), forelle (German), galway sea trout (English), gillaroo (English), gwyniedyn (Welsh), havørred (Danish), havsöring (Swedish), herling (English), hirling (English), kumzha (Russian), k'wsech (Salish), lachförch (German), lachsforelle (German), lassföhren (German), losos taimen (Russian-Latvia), losos' taimen (Russian), mahiazad-e-daryaye khazar (Farsi), meerforelle (German), meritaimen (Finnish), morska postrv (Slovenia), morskaya forel' (Russian), orange fin (English), öring (Swedish), orkney sea trout (English), ørred (Danish), ørret (Norwegian), pastrav de mare (Romanian), peal (English), pstruh morsky (Czech), pstruh obecný (Czech), pstruh obecný severomorský (Czech), pstruh obycajný (Slovak), salmo trota (Italian), salmon trout (English), sea trout (English), sewin (English), siwin (Welsh), sjøaure (Norwegian), sjøørret (Norwegian), sjourrioi (Icelandic), taimen (Finnish), thalasopestrofa (Greek), troc (Polish), troc wedrowna (Polish), trota fario (Italian), trout (English), trucha (Spanish), trucha común (Spanish), trucha marina (Spanish), truita (Catalan), truite brune (French), truite brune de mer (French), truite de mer (French), truite d'europe (French), truta marisca (Portuguese), truta-de-lago (Portuguese), truta-fário (Portuguese), truta-marisca (Portuguese), urriði (Icelandic), whiting (English), whitling (English), zeeforel (Dutch)
    Type d'organisme: poisson
    Salmo trutta a été introduite autour du monde pour l'aquaculture et pour la pêche sportive. Elle est tenue pour responsable de la réduction des populations de poissons indigènes, en particulier les autres salmonidés, par prédation et par compétition pour l'habitat et la nourriture. C'est un poisson populaire pour les pêcheurs à la ligne.
    Espèces semblables
    Salmo salar

    Se rencontre dans:
    cours d'eau, estuaires, habitats marins, lacs
    Informations pour la gestion de l'espèce
    Preventative measures: The use of potentially invasive alien species for aquaculture and their accidental release/or escape can have negative impacts on native biodiversity and ecosystems. Hewitt et al, (2006) Alien Species in Aquaculture: Considerations for responsible use aims to first provide decision makers and managers with information on the existing international and regional regulations that address the use of alien species in aquaculture, either directly or indirectly; and three examples of national responses to this issue (Australia, New Zealand and Chile). The publication also provides recommendations for a ‘simple’ set of guidelines and principles for developing countries that can be applied at a regional or domestic level for the responsible management of Alien Species use in aquaculture development. These guidelines focus primarily on marine systems, however may equally be applied to freshwater.

    Copp et al, (2005) Risk identification and assessment of non-native freshwater fishes presents a conceptual risk assessment approach for freshwater fish species that addresses the first two elements (hazard identification, hazard assessment) of the UK environmental risk strategy. The paper presents a few worked examples of assessments on species to facilitate discussion. The electronic Decision-support tools- Invasive-species identification tool kits that includes a freshwater and marine fish invasives scoring kit are made available on the Cefas (Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science) page for free download (subject to Crown Copyright (2007-2008)).

    Cette espèce figure sur la liste de l’UICN des 100 espèces parmi les plus envahissantes au monde
    Révisé par: Dr. Frederieke Kroon, Research Scientist. CSIRO Land and Water Long Pocket Laboratories, Indooroopilly, QLD Australia.
    Compilé par: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
    Updates with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
    Dernière mise à jour: Monday, 4 October 2010

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland