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   Psidium guajava (arbre, arbuste)  English     
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      Guava flowers and stem (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava tree (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava flower and leaves (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava fruit and finch (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava flowers and leaves (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava invasion (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size   Guava fruit and leaves (Photo: Scott Henderson) - Click for full size
    Nom taxonomique: Psidium guajava (Linnaeus, 1753)
    Synonymes: Guajava pyrifera (L.) Kuntze, Myrtus guajava var. pyrifera (L.) Kuntze, Myrtus guajava (L.) Kuntze, Psidium aromaticum, Psidium cujavillus Burm. f., Psidium guajava var. cujavillum (Burman) Krug and Urb., Psidium guajava var. guajava, Psidium guava Griseb., Psidium guayava Raddi, Psidium igatemyensis Barb. Rodr., Psidium pomiferum L., Psidium pumilum var. guadalupense, Psidium pumilum Vahl, Psidium pyriferum L.
    Noms communs: abas (Guam, Saipan, Yap), abwas (Saipan), amarood (India), amrut (Hindi-Fiji), apas (Saipan), araca (Brazil), banjiro (Japanese), bayabas (Philippines), bayawas (Batanes (Philippines)), biyabas (Brunei Darussalam), dipajaya jambu, djamboe (Dutch), djambu, farang (Thailand), goaibeira (Portuguese), goavier, goeajaaba (Dutch), goejaba (Surinam), goiaba (Portuguese-Brazil), goiabeiro (Portuguese), gouyav (Seychelles Creole-Seychelles), gouyave, goyave (French-France), goyavier (French-France), guabang (Palau), guahva (Pohnpei-Pohnpei), guava (English-USA), guave (Surinam), guavenbaum (German), guayaba (Spanish-Latin America, Galapagos, Spain), guayaba silvestre (Puerto Rico), guayabilla (Spanish-Mexico), guayabo (Spanish-Latin America (tree)), guayave (German), guayavo (Spanish-Latin America (tree)), guwafah (Arabic), guyaaba (Dutch-Holland), guyabas (Philippines), guyava (Spanish-Spain), jambu batu (Brunei Darussalam), jambu batu (Malaysia), jambu berase (Malaysia), jambu biji (Indonesia, Malaysia), jambu kampuchia (Malaysia), jambu klutuk (Java), jamphal (India), jamrukh (India), kautoga (Niue), kautoga tane (Niue), kautonga (Niue), kautonga tane (Niue), koejawal (South Africa), kuabang (Palau), kuafa (Chuuk), kuahpa (Pohnpei), kuava (Cook Islands, Fiji, Tonga), ku'ava (American Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Fiji, Samoa), kuawa (Hawai'i), kuawa ke'oke'o (Hawai'i), kuawa lemi (Hawai'i), kuawa momona (Hawai'i), kuhfahfah (Kosrae), kuma (Secoya-Ecuador), kuwawa (Nauru), lemon guava (English), ma-kuai (Thailand), ma-man (Thailand), ngguava ni India (Fiji), nguava (Fiji), oi (Vietnam), pauwa (Hawai'i), perala, petokal, quwawa (Fiji), sapari (India), si da (Lao-Laos), te kuava (Kiribati), te kuawa (Kiribati), tokal, trapaek sruk (Khmer-Cambodia), tuava (French Polynesia), tu'ava (Samoa), tu'avu (French Polynesia , Cook Islands), tumu tuava (French Polynesia), tuvava (French Polynesia , Cook Islands), xalxocot (Mexico)
    Type d'organisme: arbre, arbuste
    Psidium guajava est un arbre ou un arbuste tropical. Il est originaire d'Amérique centrale, du Mexique jusqu'au nord de l'Amérique du Sud. Il a été introduit dans la plupart des régions tropicales et sub-tropicales du monde pour ses fruits comestibles. Dans certains pays, la récolte, la transformation et l'exportation de ses fruits sont à la base d'une importante industrie. Du fait de sa capacité à pousser sur différents types de sols et sous plusieurs climats, P. guajava est devenu envahissant. Les pâturages et les champs sont envahis et les plantes indigènes sont concurrencées par cette espèce, qui a la capacité de former des massifs denses. Elle est considérée dans de nombreuses régions comme une plante envahissante devant être contrôlée ou éliminée. Elle est classée par diverses autorités parmi les plus hautes catégories d'espèces d'envahissantes.
    Espèces semblables
    Psidium acutangulum, Psidium cattleianum, Psidium friedrichsthalianum, Psidium galapageium, Psidium guineense, Psidium x durbanensis

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    Se rencontre dans:
    broussailles/savanes, forêts naturelles, rudéral/perturbé, zones agricoles, zones ripisylves
    Distribution géographique
    Native range: The original range of the guava is uncertain, but it is thought to have come from an area encompassing southern Mexico through to Central America, but perhaps as far south as Peru (Jaiswal and Amin 1992).

    Known introduced range: introduced early to Guam by the Spanish, thence to the Philippines and throughout Asia. Present on many Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand.

    Invasive in:Hawai‘i, Malaysia, New Caledonia, Fiji, the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Florida. Invasive in southern Africa including Natal, E. Traasvaal and Zimbabwe (Cronk and Fuller 2001). Guava has been translocated to most tropical and frost-free subtropical countries and has now become naturalized in many (Howard 1989).
    Révisé par: Scott Henderson (Charles Darwin Research Station, Galapagos Islands).
    Compilé par: Scott Henderson, Charles Darwin Research Station, Galapagos Islands & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
    Dernière mise à jour: Monday, 16 August 2010


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland