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   Leiothrix lutea (oiseau)  English   
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    Nom taxonomique: Leiothrix lutea (Scopoli, 1786)
    Synonymes:
    Noms communs: leiothrix jaune (French), Peking robin, red-billed leiothrix (English), rossignol du Japon (French)
    Type d'organisme: oiseau
    le Leiothrix jaune (Leiothrix lutea) constitue une grave menace pour la biodiversité terrestre. Son régime alimentaire varié comporte aussi bien des végétaux que des animaux (mollusques et insectes Diptères, Hyménoptères, Lépidoptères). Il est reputé constituer un réservoir de la malaria aviaire, maladie qui a décimé à Hawaii plusieurs espèces d'oiseaux endémiques.
    Se rencontre dans:
    forêts naturelles, plantations forestières
    Notes
    Red-billed Leiothrix is listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of wild flora and fauna (UNEP 2008) Appendix II listing, which permits international trade of the species with an approved export permit.
    Distribution géographique
    Régions d’origine: Originaire de l'Asie du Sud-Est (Chine, le Myanmar, du Vietnam, du Bouthan, le Népal).
    Régions d'introduction connues: Introduit en France, Japon, Hawaï et la Réunion (Male et al., 1998).
    Informations pour la gestion de l'espèce
    Preventative measures: The Bureau of Rural Sciences, Australia, recently developed a risk assessment model ( Bomford, 2003) which has been endorsed by the National Vertebrate Pests Committee and may be used as the basis for future exotic species import applications.To assign an exotic species to a threat category, three risk scores are calculated: the risk that (1) an escaped or released individual would harm people, (2) escaped or released individuals would establish a wild free-living population (3) the species would be a pest if a wild population did establish. These three risk scores are then used to assign the exotic species to one of four threat categories: extreme, serious, moderate or low.
    Leiothrix lutea has been assigned an Seroius threat catergory for Australia. These animals may be introduced and/or should be kept only in collections approved by the relevant State/Territory authority as being primarily kept for (1) public display and education purposes, and/or for (2) genuine scientific research approved by the relevant State/Territory authority, and as meeting Best Practice for the purposes of keeping the species concerned.
    Compilé par: Comité français de l'UICN (IUCN French Committee) & IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
    Dernière mise à jour: Friday, 14 March 2008


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland