来源： USDA, NRCS, 2002
农业: Mehrhoff et al (2001) states that, "Buckthorn control is also of interest to small grain producers; the shrub is an alternate host of the crown rust of oats, which affects oat yield and quality."
改变林火机制: Mehrhoff et al (2001) states that, "In fire-adapted ecosystems such as savannas and prairies, the lack of vegetation under buckthorn prohibits fires."
降低本地生物多样性: Mehrhoff et al (2001) states that, "R. cathartica tends to form dense, even-aged thickets, crowding and shading out native shrubs and herbs, often completely obliterating them."
最后修改 ： 8/07/2005 10:21:05 a.m.