來源： Swearingen et al. 2002
B. thunbergii was planted at the New York Botanic Garden
競爭: Swearingen et al. (2002) state that, "Berberis thunbergii forms dense stands in a variety of habitats, including closed canopy forests and open woodlands, wetlands, pastures, meadows and wastelands. This highly shade-tolerant exotic shrub displaces a variety of native herb and shrub species in areas where it is well established."
最後修改 ： 16/10/2004 10:58:10 a.m.