Details of this species in Hawaii
Source: Morton, J. 1987.
Arrival Date: Before 1870.
Species Notes for this Location:
Seed dispersal by mynah birds. Occurs in semi-wild state on all the Hawaiian Islands in moist areas below 600m.
Management Notes for this Location:
Vigorous efforts to exterminate it with herbicides.
Last Modified: 1/08/2004 1:34:21 p.m.